User:Ac001/Final Approach Tutorial
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Final Approach Tutorial
- The map below shows the final approach to a Heathrow 27R landing.
- The yellow circle is the extent of the EGLL Tower control and communications.
- Departing aircraft from 27L parallel runway are shown in green.
- The Initial Approach trails to 27R are in white, from Bovingdon VOR heading south east for a right turn heading west to the runway ILS.
- Arriving aircraft are expected to be heading west at around 3000ft, pre-landing checklist complete and ready for descent to touchdown.
- Around 15-20nm away an ATC handover would be conducted, switching communications from initial approach, to contacting Heathrow tower for landing and final clearance.
- At busy times, there may be four or more aircraft on final approach.
- To align with the center line the aircraft needs to be heading 272 as in red.
- At a distance 7.5 nm from runway, and at a height of 2,500, descent can begin to 27R
- At a distance D2 two nm or before for whatever reason, a M missed approach is executed.
- The missed approach procedure is to climb to 3000ft, fly straight over the runway centre line, then turn right heading 319 and await further ATC instruction.
- The purple track is an aircraft arriving showing hypothetical missed approach:
- A small airliner has been directed by ATC to take a wider and slower path to allow a HEAVY to land first. Having captured the glidescope and localiser, at 1500ft and around 5nm away, its reported that the HEAVY has burst a tyre with possible debris on runway. A missed approach is executed by flying straight over the runway and climbing to 3000ft, then turn right heading 319 and Go Around whilst runway is checked.