777-200ER ILS tutorial KSFO-KLAX

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Welcome to the Vaerospace Advanced Flightgear Tutorial!

Your first city to city flight

In this tutorial we will fly with you from San Fransisco to Los Angeles!

We begin with flight planning. Or actually starting up our engines. Who needs to know all that stuff? Check the weather using Environment > Weather Settings. Make sure you are on Live Weather! See where it says Fair Weather, Marginal VFR, etc? Click there and choose real weather. For now we need to taxi to the runway, take off, and climb to about 28000 feet at 250 knots, then 280. We will follow the VOR (and VORTAC) beacons as specified in this tutorial. The recommended aircraft is a Boeing 777.


Pick a gate at KSFO (San Fransisco International Airport.). If in the 777 start up using the s key and push back with Boeing 777 > Pushback. Taxi to the runway determined by the wind. If the wind is 280 use 28R or 28L. If it is 120 – ya guessed it runway 10L or 10R! Takeoff and do a climbing turn to heading 150 degrees. You may engage the auto-throttle to maintain speed but not autopilot - this tutorial won't work with it. Now set NAV1 and DME to Salinas (117.3) on a radial of 150. When the DME reaches about 65 nautical miles, steer the 777 toward the needle (if the needle deviates from the 12 o'clock position you should steer slightly toward or into the needle). The needle will begin to move back toward 12 o'clock. Steering toward the needle too frequently is called chasing the needle/"bird dogging" and should be avoided.

Paso Robales

  • Set NAV2 to 114.3

Okay, set NAV2 (777: Be sure to switch both NAV toggle switches on the panel on and set NAV2 to 114.3, when you are approximately 20-30 DME nautical miles away from Salinas steer onto the NAV2 needle to 12 o'clock (pointing straight ahead) and set NAV1 to our next beacon (San Marcus @ 114.9) and set DME to Paso Robales 114.3. Make sure you remember which needle is for NAV1 and which is for NAV2! 777: NAV2 is the "skinny one".

San Marcus

  • Set NAV1 to 114.9
  • Set DME to 114.3

Using the same strategy to avoid too much bird dogging (chasing the needle), turn onto the NAV1 needle once 20 NM DME from Paso Robales and maintain your chosen flight level and do not exceed 40,000 ft (if you're a beginner), once enroute to San Marcus immediately switch NAV2 and DME to Oxnard 108.7 and use the same procedure.

Oxnard – Coming down

  • Set NAV1 and DME to 108.7

30 DME from Oxnard bring the aircraft down gently (no more than 1500 feet per minute) to 8000 feet and level out at 250 knots, but do not use speedbrakes unless you are above 250 knots at 10000 feet. Now do a visual check. As you come into the bay area over the water, KLAX is close. Stay 4-5 NM DME out to sea, and descend to 2500 feet.

Your all instrument approach – Runway 24L

  • Set ILS Localizer and NAV1 to 111.7
  • Set NAV2 to KLAX VOR, 113.6

Assuming the wind is right we will use 24L.

Make sure NAV1 is set to the localizer for runway 24L (that's the leftmost runway visable from out at sea), maintaining your heading until the needle is at 10 o'clock (pointing left). Now turn the aircraft into the needle so it points forward/upright again... you should be on a heading of approx. 240 degrees.

At the bottom of the left Electronic Flight Instrument System/EFIS (Honeywell Primus 1000 EFIS) there are white markers and another white indicator will appear. If this indicator is in the centre of the marks – there are two sets of marks, one for heading into runway and the other (verical white ticks on the right of the left screen) for pitch or glideslope. These scales and their markers should always be "Dead Center" – if they are you are in line for your runway, and only good planning will make this so...

Head for 24L and land as usual.

To be upgraded and expanded

captain vaeron www.vaero.za.net