User:Ac001/Tutorial Overview

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Flight College


Work in progress

Pre Intro

  • Welcome to some tutorials in sandbox and idea, working towards a "crash course" or "flight college".
  • The "airport" and "area" is London Heathrow and UK
  • Feedback, corrections most welcome, etc (just go and edit stuff)
  • The format is experimental and intended to make it an "observational" style by presenting a scenario..
  • Its hoped that the format can be used for other languages such as France/French, Italy/Italian
  • It is assumed that users of this tutorial have a basic understanding of flying in the FGFS.


Welcome to Flight College

This is a tutorial and training series to assist new pilots get acquainted with making trips between airports via IFR.

  • The series is centered on EGLL - London Heathrow Airport, UK.
    • Charts from NATS
  • UK airspace is governed by the UK's Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) who constantly maintain the intricate details, and publish them.
  • The charts, data, etc all are available from National Air Traffic Services (NATS) an air navigation service provider.
  • Euro Control is a sister organization for coordinating airspace in Europe.

If you are a new pilot, then this series will take you through the steps. If the text below doesn't make sense now, it will by the end of this series. Your feedback, corrections and suggestions etc are important and valuable to help other TPs in the future.

Analogies

A similar concept to flying an aircraft from A to B is that of driving a car on a long journey.

  • Prep
    • In a car you have to prepare the car, fuel, check wipers, tires(+spares) etc for up to a 2 hour drive.
    • In an aircraft you have to prepare, check wipers, batteries, tires, for up to a 16 hour flight
  • Direction
    • Leave down the street, then through town, to motorway and the junction heading north.
    • Leave down the taxiway, from the parking to the runway, runway heading is SE, take off then head north.
  • Cruise
    • On the motorway you would typically want to travel at around 75kph, 5kph above the legal speed limit of 70kph
    • You would need to be over 80 ias. If you are slower than that, you will stall the wings and drop out of the sky in spectacular explosion.
  • Stop
    • If car ahead, you can slam on the brakes and with all the kids, wife, picnic and caravan, can come to a compete stoop in about 50m
    • When an Aircraft in air, there are no ways to stop safely. Instead you need to fly around up or down and around hazards.
  • Navigation
    • You could always stop the car and look at the map if you get lost.
    • You cannot simply stop the aircraft, however it is common that there are detailed charts aboard.




Pre Flight Briefing

This is an example conversation and a briefing by the PNF to the PF. In this instance the First Officer is flying back with the Commander being the monitor.

  • PF is commanding the aircraft
  • PNF is doing the ATC and monitoring pilot
  • Within FGFS, you are often both.

It is a common EGLL to EGCC, its SE wind at EGLL so RWY 09R for HON SID, then UL9 FL15 to WAL STAR, then expected NW approach to EGCC 90.

Reality

To be a real pilot, you would be required to do a lot of classes and tests, and pilots are often expected to score around ninety-eight percent. Most of the physical training is done in simulators, as crashing real aircraft is costly and dangerous to everyone involved.

Simulator

Work in progress

Overview

  • Airport - explains the airport environment
  • Runway explains the runway