Difference between revisions of "Zh/2020.3"

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(Updated translations for Graphics section)
(Updated (machine translated) translation for JSBsim and Yasim section)
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== 启动器 ==
 
== 启动器 ==
 
* 添加了在首次启动时出现的欢迎屏幕,为首次使用的用户提供一些有用的信息。
 
* 添加了在首次启动时出现的欢迎屏幕,为首次使用的用户提供一些有用的信息。
* 现在可以收藏你喜爱的机模并进行条件筛选,从而更容易在数百种可用飞机中找到自己喜欢的飞机。
+
* 机模插件现在可被标记为个人收藏,并可进行筛选,使得在数百个机模插件中寻找您喜爱的机模变得更容易。
* 启动器增加了对航空母舰的支持,包括选择航空母舰和设置起始位置。
+
* 启动器增加了对航空母舰的支持,现可在启动器中选择航空母舰以及设置起始位置。
 
* 当你想开始飞行的时候,现在只需要按下<code> Ctrl-F </code>快捷键!
 
* 当你想开始飞行的时候,现在只需要按下<code> Ctrl-F </code>快捷键!
 
* 增强了对停机坪和水上机场的支持,增加了对当前的飞机型号的检测。
 
* 增强了对停机坪和水上机场的支持,增加了对当前的飞机型号的检测。
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== JSBSim ==
 
== JSBSim ==
* Added the ability to set up the starter and acceleration times of a turbine (parameters <code><n1spinup></code>, <code><n2spinup></code>, <code><n1startrate></code>, <code><n2startrate></code>).
+
[以下部分翻译使用机器翻译,故部分内容或许将不准确或不自然。欢迎更多志愿者加入到翻译的行列中!]
* The <code><integrator></code> filter can now be reset to 0.0 by setting its <code><trigger></code> property to a negative value.
+
[Some part of the following translation is made by a machine translator, so it may be inaccurate or awkward. Any contributions to the translation are welcomed! ]
 +
* 新增了设置涡轮机启动和加速时间的功能(参数<code><n1spinup></code><code><n2spinup></code><code><n1startrate></code><code><n2startrate></code>)。
 +
* 现在,可以通过将<code><integrator></code>过滤器的<code><trigger></code>属性设置为负值,将其重置为0.0。
 
* The integration scheme of the <code><integrator></code> filter can now be chosen among <code>rect</code> (Euler), <code>trap</code> (Trapezoidal), <code>ab2</code> (2nd order Adams-BashForth) and <code>ab3</code> (3rd order Adams-Bashforth)
 
* The integration scheme of the <code><integrator></code> filter can now be chosen among <code>rect</code> (Euler), <code>trap</code> (Trapezoidal), <code>ab2</code> (2nd order Adams-BashForth) and <code>ab3</code> (3rd order Adams-Bashforth)
* The following functions can now be used in <code><function></code>: <code>floor</code>, <code>ceil</code> and <code>fmod</code>. Their functionalities are the same than the corresponding C/C++ functions.
+
* 现在可以在<code><function></code>中使用以下功能:<code>floor</code><code>ceil</code><code>fmod</code>。它们的功能与相应的C / C ++函数相同。
* <code><function></code> now checks the number of its arguments.
+
* <code> <function> </code>现在检查其参数数量。
* New system component linear_actuator
+
* 新的系统组件linear_actuator
* Export the fuel density to the property tree
+
* 将燃料密度导出到属性树
* Added cyclic clipping for FCS components
+
* 为FCS组件添加了循环裁剪
* Added the ability to control the turbine engines spin down factor
+
* 增加了控制涡轮发动机转速下降因子的功能
* [Backward compatibility breakage] Gyros are now measuring rotation rates instead of rotational accelerations. Gyros that measure rotational accelerations do not exist in the real world.
+
* [向后兼容性损坏]陀螺仪现在正在测量转速而不是旋转加速度。测量旋转加速度的陀螺仪在现实世界中不存在。
* Output properties of flight control elements are no longer tied. This saves a lot of spurious warning messages and allows direct references of the same properties among several flight controls.
+
* 飞行控制元件的输出属性不再绑定。这样可以节省许多虚假的警告消息,并允许在多个飞行控制中直接引用相同的属性。
* Water vapor in the atmosphere is now managed through its mass fraction rather than its partial pressure. The former being the physical quantity that is conserved when pressure and temperature vary.
+
* 现在通过质量分数而不是分压来管理大气中的水蒸气。前者是压力和温度变化时保留的物理量。
* Check that there are at least 3 contacts before trying to trim on ground.
+
* 在尝试修整地面之前,请检查至少3个触点。
* Added optional transmission of the simulation time for FG UDP interface
+
* 为FG UDP接口增加了仿真时间的可选传输
* The existence of the property that is used for table independent vars is now checked during execution rather than when the XML definition is parsed. This relaxes the order in which filters, table and more generally flight controls need to be declared in the XML definition files.
+
* 现在在执行过程中而不是在解析XML定义时检查用于表无关var的属性的存在。这放宽了需要在XML定义文件中声明过滤器,表格以及更一般的飞行控件的顺序。
* Electric engines RPM is now exported in UDP sockets.
+
* 电动引擎RPM现在已在UDP套接字中导出。
* The parameter <code><ignitionn2></code> now affects N2 rather than N1.
+
* 参数<code><ignitionn2></code>现在影响N2而不是N1。
* A warning is now given when max < min in a <code><clipto></code> rather than throwing an exception
+
* 现在在<code><clipto></code>中的max<min时给出警告,而不是引发异常
* Added the ability to log properties in a CSV file with the new fgfs executable argument <code>--jsbsim-output-directive-file</code>
+
* 添加了使用新的fgfs可执行参数<code>-jsbsim-output-directive-file</code>在CSV文件中记录属性的功能
  
 
== YASim ==
 
== YASim ==
* Ground friction (stiction) changes
+
* 改变了静摩擦力
* Support for transonic flow effects.
+
* 新增支持跨音速效果.
* Control initial gear state directly by setting <code>/fdm/yasim/respect-external-gear-state=true</code>, rather then YASim settings this depending on whether the aircraft is in the air or on the ground.
+
* 现可通过设置<code>/fdm/yasim/respect-external-gear-state=true</code>来控制初始起落架状态。
* Electric engines are now supported.
+
* 新增对电动引擎的支持。
 +
 
  
 
== 气象和环境 ==
 
== 气象和环境 ==

Revision as of 07:52, 26 October 2020

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可用语言: 中文English.

请协助我们将其翻译为更多语言!



自由、开源的飞行模拟器FlightGear即将迎来2020.3版本更新。 这是FlightGear开始同时提供长期支持版本和预览版本之后的第二个长期支持版本, 代表了全球的志愿者们为期两年的开发工作的结晶。FlightGear由怀着雄心壮志的全球志愿者团队共同开发,并成功地创造出了可以免费使用、修改和分发的,同时无比真实的飞行模拟器。 FlightGear被世界各地的广大模拟飞行爱好者所使用,也被广泛应用于大学研究和博物馆的互动展览等领域。FlightGear被世界各地的广大模拟飞行爱好者所使用,也被广泛应用于大学研究和博物馆的互动展览等领域。

自v2018.3 LTS以来的主要更新包括:

  • 增加了即将到来的Compositor图形框架的预览,作为单独的二进制文件共同分发。
  • 对JSBSim和YASim飞行动力学模型进行了更新
  • 增加了DDS贴图缓存以减少加载时间
  • 加载更快、更节省内存的建筑
  • 改善了对航空母舰的支持


此外,官方机库中增加了30架全新的机模,71架机模得到了重大更新。

启动于1997年,FlightGear的特色包括其拥有的400多种机模、全球地景数据库、联机飞行功能、精细的大气建模、灵活开放的飞机建模系统、多种网络选项、多屏显示支持、强大的脚本语言和开放式架构。最重要的是,作为开源模拟器,它属于我们的社区,每个人都可以为之做出贡献。


FlightGear - 自由飞翔!



启动器

  • 添加了在首次启动时出现的欢迎屏幕,为首次使用的用户提供一些有用的信息。
  • 机模插件现在可被标记为个人收藏,并可进行筛选,使得在数百个机模插件中寻找您喜爱的机模变得更容易。
  • 启动器增加了对航空母舰的支持,现可在启动器中选择航空母舰以及设置起始位置。
  • 当你想开始飞行的时候,现在只需要按下 Ctrl-F 快捷键!
  • 增强了对停机坪和水上机场的支持,增加了对当前的飞机型号的检测。
  • 大量错误修正和稳定性改进,尤其对机模和插件选项卡进行了改进。

画面

  • 此发行版随附Compositor渲染器以便开发人员预览使用。Compositor渲染器提供了全面支持XML配置的多通道渲染合成方式,并且支持ALS与集群着色。*增加了对DDS贴图缓存的支持,缩短了贴图文件的加载时间。
  • 恒星能见度现可根据恒星大小和大气条件进行配置。
  • 现可通过设置/rendering/triangle-direction-lights=false,可以使用不定向点精灵(non-directional point sprites)以便在不支持三角形点精灵(triangles of point sprites)的图形驱动器上正确运行。
  • 添加了全新的Tower AGL视角。该视角与塔台视角类似,不同之处在于它使地面保持在飞机的正下方,并在飞机移动时平稳地缩放和平移。这使得该视角适合用于观察降落。
  • 改善了机场草地贴图
  • 更新了加利福尼亚,亚洲,冰岛,扬马延(Jan Mayen)岛的区域材质定义(regional material definitions)。
  • 增加了新的活火山 - Katla, Eyjafjallajokull, Surtsey.
  • 新增基于实例的随机建筑与OpenStreetMap建筑,提高了性能并显著提高了画面质量。
  • 改进了机翼弯折着色器。
  • 现可从“View”菜单中启用/禁用飞行员模型。

JSBSim

[以下部分翻译使用机器翻译,故部分内容或许将不准确或不自然。欢迎更多志愿者加入到翻译的行列中!] [Some part of the following translation is made by a machine translator, so it may be inaccurate or awkward. Any contributions to the translation are welcomed! ]

  • 新增了设置涡轮机启动和加速时间的功能(参数<n1spinup><n2spinup><n1startrate><n2startrate>)。
  • 现在,可以通过将<integrator>过滤器的<trigger>属性设置为负值,将其重置为0.0。
  • The integration scheme of the <integrator> filter can now be chosen among rect (Euler), trap (Trapezoidal), ab2 (2nd order Adams-BashForth) and ab3 (3rd order Adams-Bashforth)
  • 现在可以在<function>中使用以下功能:floorceilfmod。它们的功能与相应的C / C ++函数相同。
  • <function> 现在检查其参数数量。
  • 新的系统组件linear_actuator
  • 将燃料密度导出到属性树
  • 为FCS组件添加了循环裁剪
  • 增加了控制涡轮发动机转速下降因子的功能
  • [向后兼容性损坏]陀螺仪现在正在测量转速而不是旋转加速度。测量旋转加速度的陀螺仪在现实世界中不存在。
  • 飞行控制元件的输出属性不再绑定。这样可以节省许多虚假的警告消息,并允许在多个飞行控制中直接引用相同的属性。
  • 现在通过质量分数而不是分压来管理大气中的水蒸气。前者是压力和温度变化时保留的物理量。
  • 在尝试修整地面之前,请检查至少3个触点。
  • 为FG UDP接口增加了仿真时间的可选传输
  • 现在在执行过程中而不是在解析XML定义时检查用于表无关var的属性的存在。这放宽了需要在XML定义文件中声明过滤器,表格以及更一般的飞行控件的顺序。
  • 电动引擎RPM现在已在UDP套接字中导出。
  • 参数<ignitionn2>现在影响N2而不是N1。
  • 现在在<clipto>中的max<min时给出警告,而不是引发异常
  • 添加了使用新的fgfs可执行参数-jsbsim-output-directive-file在CSV文件中记录属性的功能

YASim

  • 改变了静摩擦力
  • 新增支持跨音速效果.
  • 现可通过设置/fdm/yasim/respect-external-gear-state=true来控制初始起落架状态。
  • 新增对电动引擎的支持。


气象和环境

  • Increased turbulence will be encountered near active volcanoes.
  • Configurable METAR URL.
  • METAR strings are decoded and displayed in a human-readable form in the weather dialog.

航空母舰

  • Two new carrier-specific starting options are supported in the launcher: carrier-takeoff and carrier-approach.
  • A new --carrier-position command-line argument has been added. This can be used to select the aircraft start position on an aircraft carrier. Either a catapult (e.g. cat-1), a parking position (e.g. park-1), on final approach on the FLOLS (flols) or abeam the carrier (abeam).
  • MPCarrier can now be detected by the GUI even if not available on startup. To enable this feature set /sim/mp-carriers/auto-attach=true.

AI

  • New fgcommands add-aiobject and remove-aiobject for adding/removing objects to the AI subsystem.
  • New AI aircraft, including 747 Freighter, CRJ900, SR-71, Saab 340.
  • Numerous updates to AI traffic schedules and airline liveries.
  • Space Shuttle TAEM and approach at KEDW scenario.
  • Accurate Britten-Norman Islander performance data, from an Islander pilot.

联机飞行

  • Connection to VATSIM via swift is now available via the GUI.
  • FGCom now supports both COM1 and COM2, as well as volume settings.
  • The views defined by the user's aircraft (Pilot view, Helicopter view, Tower view etc) can now be used with multiplayer aircraft. Viewing a particular multiplayer aircraft is done by clicking in the Pilot List dialogue's "view' column (see the "Multiplayer/Pilot List" menu).
  • --disable-hold-short option which allows the user to force a start on the runway when multiplayer is enabled. This option should be used with caution - it can give other pilots and ATC a nasty fright to find an aircraft materialize on the runway!
  • Support for recording multiplayer data

Nasal 脚本语言

  • Configurable load order for core Nasal modules.
  • Improvements and bug fixes to Emesary, the messaging interface.
  • Improvements to the core libraries.
  • Garbage collection improvements to reduce frame stuttering
  • Re-loadable nasal modules
  • Canvas EFIS framework
  • New methods in Canvas Image to set colors of pixels in the image.

飞机模型

  • FG1000 Glass Panel improvements include user-configurable VFR transponder codes, volume controls, new fascia, UI is now resizeable, support for custom SVG files (e.g. for a G500). The FG1000 is now available on the Cessna 182T, J3 Cub, Diamond DA40.
  • Improved glider vario instrument.
  • New Aircraft:
    • Airbus A320 - airliner
    • Alisport Silent2Electro - glider with electric sustainer motor
    • Bombardier Q400 DHC8-402 - shorthaul turboprop airliner
    • Breguet Atlantic BR 1150 - long-range maritime patrol aircraft
    • Cessna 140 - GA aircraft
    • Cessna 208B Caravan - short range passenger, freighter and utility aircraft
    • Cirrus SR22T - GA aircraft
    • Diamond DA40 NG - GA aircraft, including FG1000 glass panel cockpit
    • Diamond DA62 Twinstar- Twin engine GA aircraft
    • Diamond HK36 Super Dimona - motorglider
    • Dornier DO 28 Skyservant - Twin engine STOL utility aircraft
    • Douglas TBD Devastator - WWII Torpedo bomber
    • Draco Wilga - turboprop taildragger bush plane
    • Fokker T.V - twin engine bomber
    • Glasfluegel H201B Standard Libelle - glider
    • Grumman F11-Tiger - carrier-based fighter
    • Grumman HU-16A Albatross - twin engine amphibian
    • Petliakov PE-8 (Ant-42/TB-7) - WWII bomber
    • Piper PA28-161 Warrior II - GA aircraft
    • Pipistrel Alpha Electro - electric training aircraft
    • Pipistrel Taurus Electro G2.5 - glider with electric sustainer motor
    • Rolladen Schneider LS8sc neo - standard glider with electric sustainer motor
    • Robin DR400 Ecoflyer - GA Aircraft
    • Scheibe Bergfalke II/55 - training glider
    • Schempp-Hirth Arcus S - high performance glider
    • Schleicher Ka6(CR) "Rhoensegler" - training glider
    • SEPECAT Jaguar GR.1 - jet attack aircraft
    • SUMPAC - Human powered airplane
    • Supermarine Swift - jet fighter
    • Yak 52 - training aircraft
  • Major updates to over 70 aircraft. Including 737-100, 737-300, 777, A-26-Invader, AR-234, ASG29, ASK13, ASK21, Aero-Commander, Aichi-D3A, B-17, B-24-Liberator, B-25, Bombardier-415, CH750STOL, CRJ700-family, Cessna-208-Caravan, Cessna Citation II, Cessna-L19, Cirrus-SR22, Concorde, DO-228, DO-335, Diamond-Da40, Diamond-Da42, Dragonfly, Embraer-ERJ-145, F-15, Fairchild-Metroliner, Falcon-50, Fokker-S-11, Fw200, H4-Hercules, Harrier-GR3, Horten-Ho-IX, Hughes-XF11, J3Cub, JA37, JAS39-Gripen, Jaguar, LS4, Lancair-235, Lionceau, Lockheed-NF104A, Lockheed-P38, ME-262, Mirage-2000, MirageIV, Northrop-xb35, PC-12, Piaggio-P166, Piper-PA-28, Potez-630, R44, Ryan-Navion, SIAI-Marchetti-SF.260, Socata-ST10, SpaceShuttle, Starship, Tecnam-P2006T, UH-1, Yak-18T, Zlin-50lx, an24b, bluebird, c182s, dhc1, f-14b, f16.

杂项

  • Updated Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish and Slovak translations.
  • Map dialog displays heliports and allows configurable cursor key panning
  • Faster Terrasync: Download a tarball of airport information on first start and only check for updates every 24 hours rather than every simulator run.
  • GPS fly-by mode
  • Sentry.io integration to provide centralized crash reporting.
  • Change screenshot filename to have date and time
  • New thread safe particle manager -- should reduce random crashes around particles.

2020.1之后的更新

Changes since the 2020.1 preview release include:

  • Various launcher improvements including a Welcome screen and a keyboard shortcut (Ctrl+F) to Fly!
  • Improved regional definitions for California, and better grass textures
  • New AI model for the 747 Freighter, and numerous AI livery and traffic updates.
  • Updates to the FG1000 glass panel display including configurable VFR transponder codes, volume controls, a new fascia, resizeable UI and support for custom SVG files.
  • A hangar full of new aircraft: HU-16A-Albatross, LS8, Embraer-ERJ-145, Cessna 208B Caravan, PZL 104 wilga 2000 Draco, Scheibe Bergfalke, Taurus, f16, Dornier Do 28 Skyservant, Petliakov Pe 8 (Ant 42/DB 7), Grumman F.11 Tiger
  • Updates to a large number of aircraft including CRJ700, Dragonfly, Mirage 2000, Jaguar GR1, H4 Hercules, JA37, Supermarine Swift, A320, Cirrus-SR22, Cessna Citation, J3Cub
  • Updated Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish and Slovak translations.
  • Faster Terrasync: Download a tarball of airport information on first start and only check for updates every 24 hours rather than every simulator run.
  • GPS fly-by mode
  • Sentry.io integration to provide centralized crash reporting.
  • New thread safe particle manager -- should reduce random crashes around particles.