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Eurocopter EC130 B4

8,619 bytes added, 22:31, 13 August 2018
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Updates in Development Repository (after FG 2017.2)
{{infobox Aircraft|image = EC130.jpg|name = Eurocopter EC130 B4|type = Civilian helicopter|fdm = YASim |authors = Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)<br/>Melchior Franz (Nasal)<br/>Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)<br/>FlightGear Community (help and support)|fgname = ec130|status-fdm = 4|status-systems = 4|status-cockpit = 4|status-model = 5|download =http:{{PAGENAME}}//www.flightgear.org/download/aircraft-v3-0/|development =https://gitorious.org/ec130info}}This is a model of a the '''Eurocopter EC130 B4/ EC130 T2 (H130)''', a single engine light [[helicopter]] based on and developed from the [[Ecureuil AS 350 Helicopter|AS350]]'s.
=== The Real Thing ===
Indeed “EC130 B4” is just a marketing name by [[Eurocopter]], now known as Airbus Helicopters, the real name is still AS350 B4B4”. It is a widebody variant of the AS350 B3 “AS350 B3” with a completely new designed passenger cabin and fuselage and rotor and hydraulics system from the AS355. It is also equipped with a fan tail (fenestron) instead of the conventional two-blade tailrotor. With this the EC130 B4 “EC130 B4” is much less noisier than other helicopters of this class.
The helicopter was designed especially for tours, so it features a great visibility, a left-seated pilot and plenty of space inside. The EC130 B4 “EC130 B4” is also used by the police in Long Beach/CA and by several medical services. The EC130 B4 has been built until 2013. Now it is replaced by the improved EC130 T2, with a new and more powerfull Turbomeca Arriel 2D engine and a 70% modified airframe. The exterior, cockpit and interior has been also modified.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.airbushelicopters.com/site/en/ref/Characteristics_1180.html |title=EC130 T2 |publisher=www.airbushelicopters.com }}</ref> <references/>
The “EC130 B4” has been built until 2013. As of 2014 it is replaced by the improved “EC130 T2”, which was renamed to '''“H130”''' in 2015. It has a new and more powerful Turbomeca Arriel 2D engine and a 70% modified airframe. The exterior, cockpit and interior has been also modified.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.airbushelicopters.com/site/en/ref/Characteristics_1180.html |title=H130(EC130 T2) |publisher=www.airbushelicopters.com }}</ref>
<references/>
=== The FlightGear Model===
The This model of the EC130 “EC130 B4 /H130” was built using very detailed drawings, the Pilots Flight Manual and pilot reports.
[[Image:Rembrandtready.png|link=Rembrandt]]
[[Image:Tutorialready.png|link=Tutorials]]
[[Image:Checklistready.png|link=Aircraft Checklists]]
[[Image:Tooltipready.png|link=Tooltips]]
== Features ==
This model is a try and a WIP to get a realistic and complete simulation of a helicopter.
By using [[Nasal]]-scripting nearly all main systems have been simulated to a degree which wasn't available at this time on [[FlightGear]]'s helicopters. The [[flight dynamics model]] is custom made and though a lot of values could only be estimated, it should give an good impression on how the real one flies.
[[Livery over MP|Livery-over-mp]] including dynamic configurable external stores like skibox, deployable emergency floats, FLIR's etc. which affects CoG, weight and drag.
[[File:EC130 MedFlight N130NE.jpg|thumb|280px|right|The "new" EMS variant of EC130-B4, as used by MedFlight, Ohio, USAHeli Alps version]]
=== Goals ===
* Fully usable cockpit with controls
* Complete startup procedure{{Done}}* system System failures and engine fire
=== Issues ===
See latest version and issues in the [https://gitorious.org/ec130/ec130/source/381894383a2461b137721edfcb1b846edfb1de6a: hangar development repository (link at gitorious] the top)
Some simulation related issues are:* GTX328 and GNS430 only dummies(is [https://gitlab.com/mhab/ec130/issues/4 Issue #4 (CR)] in dev repo)* bad autorotation behavior?? at high speed above 110 ktn* Nasal error with Mouse handling of Twist Grip, but works (FG 3is [https://gitlab.0 only, fixed in development versioncom/mhab/ec130/issues/5 Issue #5])* Nasal error after crash* GSDI some caution lights on panel (is not switched if only livery is changedoutside CWS) not working (FG 3is [https://gitlab.0 only, fixed in development versioncom/mhab/ec130/issues/8 Issue #8 (CR)]* Texture Buttons on side of N130NE VEMD not functional (Medflight) is too large (4096x2048px), may cause ressource problems if used[https:/switched (Rembrandt) (FG 3/gitlab.0 only, fixed in development versioncom/mhab/ec130/issues/10 Issue #10 (CR)]
== Pilot Flight Manual ==
The FlightGear model of the EC130 B4 features the standard panel delivered ex works without any additional customer whishes.
Some caution lights on the panel itself like the one for the Landinglight aren't working yet, and the GTX328 and GNS430 are currently only dummies. Also the ETL on the central panel isn't working yet. Apart from that the missing functions mentioned above it is a fully working helicopter cockpit.
[[File:EC130B4Panel wiki.jpg|800px|Panel of the EC130 B4 showing all the instruments]]
 
=== Limitations ===
'''Type of Operation:'''
'''Weight and Balance Limitations'''
Minimum weight:.........................................................................................3307lbs 3015lbs (1500kg1368kg)B4 / 3159lbs (1433kg) T2
Maximum weight:........................................................................................5350lbs (2427kg)B4 / 5512lbs (2500kg) T2
'''Airspeed limitations'''
430 rpm …...............................................................................maximum rotor rpm power off
'''Low Rotor rpm aural warning < 360 rpm ''' (available in Git version)
'''High Rotor rpm aural warning > 410 rpm ''' (available in Git version)
=== Warning Panel ===
|-
|}
 
== Helpful Usage Hints for Simulation ==
[[File:EC130 Grand Canyon Helicopters.jpg|thumb|240px|right|Livery of Grand Canyon Helicopters]]
[[File:EC130-B4 Blue Hawaiian at coast of Kalaupapa.jpg|thumb|240px|right|Livery of Blue Hawaiian Helicopters]]
 
Besides the above documentation there is a lot of additional help available from within Flightgear.
=== Heli Setup ===
* '''Configuration and Help-Dialog (Alt-o)'''
** choose the desired '''Livery (Heli-Operator)'''
** configure the '''Equipment'''
*** Baskets
*** Searchlight
*** Cargo Hook, ...
** set '''Fuel and Payload'''
*** fuel amount
*** passengers
*** other payload like luggage
** activate/deactivate '''Specific Views'''
* --> see '''Menu: EC130-B4 or H130/Configuration (Livery,Payload,...)'''
 
=== Heli Usage ===
* '''Info''' about the '''Heli-Operator''' --> see '''Menu: EC130-B4 or H130/Operator/Model Info (Alt-i)'''
* '''Tutorials''' guide through the preparation and startup process --> see '''Menu: Help/Tutorials'''
* '''Checklists''' based on pilot handbook help to follow standard procedures --> see '''Menu: Help/Aircraft Checklists'''
* '''Autostart/Autoshutdown''' available after 5 flights --> see '''Menu: EC130-B4 or H130/Autostart''' or '''Autoshutdown'''
* '''Shortcuts and general Info''' --> see '''Menu: Help/Aircraft Help'''
== Updates as of FG 3.0 Version ==
[[File:EC130 Grand Canyon HelicoptersMedFlight N130NE.jpg|thumb|New Livery of Grand Canyon Helicopters]][[File:EC130-B4 Blue Hawaiian at coast of Kalaupapa.jpg240px|thumb|New Livery of Blue Hawaiian Helicopters]][[File:EC130 MedFlight N130NE.jpg|thumbright|The EMS variant of EC130-B4, used by MedFlight, Ohio, USA]][[File:EC130-B4 MAC rescue.jpg|thumb|New 240px|right|Livery of MAC rescue (South Australia)]][[File:EC130-B4 ZS-HOY.jpg|thumb|New 240px|right|Livery of ZS-HOY Starlite Helicopters (South Africa)]][[File:EC130-B4 F-GOLH Geneva.jpg|thumb|New 240px|right|Livery of beautiful F-GOLH]][[File:EC130B4 Snow.jpg|thumb|New livery 240px|right|Livery of D-HSTS "Heli Gourmet" above snowy landscape]][[File:EC130 Mainrotor front.png|thumb|240px|right|Closeup of EC130 Mainrotor, fully animated in all details]][[File:EC130-B4 MedFlight using SX-16 Nightsun.jpg|thumb|240px|right|EC130 Helicopter using the SX-16 Nightsun searchlight]]
The [[Eurocopter EC130 B4]] helicopter has recieved a major upgrade with FG 3.0 release.
'''Cockpit''' was enriched for Pilot/Copilot controls, seats are textured now and a variable cabin configuration allows to set up 5 or 6 seats or an '''Emergency Medical Services (EMS) variant''' with 4 seats and a stretcher.
'''===New Liveries:'''===
* '''N155GC''' of '''Grand Canyon Helicopters''', colorful painting in red/gold, 6 seats
* '''N11QC''' of '''Blue Hawaiian Helicopters''', 6 seats
</gallery>
'''===Some of the most interesting changes:'''===
* '''Flight Model''' tremendously improved (CoG and agility much more realistic) (fix by HHS)
* '''Mainrotor''' fully animated and adapted to original
'''===Configuration Dialogs and Help Screens:'''===
<gallery>
</gallery>
== Helpful Usage Hints Updates as of FG 3.5 version ==As [[File:EC130-B4 Maverick.jpg|thumb|240px|right|EC130-B4 of FG 3Maverick Helicopters (Grand Canyon) at LOWI]][[File:EC130-B4 Broward County Sheriff 2.0 there are comfortable configuration and help dialogs, new checklists based on pilot handbook and after 15 flights Autostartjpg|thumb|240px|right|EC130-B4 Broward County Sheriff in flight near Miami]][[File:EC130-B4 PR-BOP Parana Policia Militar 4.jpg|thumb|240px|right|EC130-B4 PR-BOP using the SX-16 Nightsun in Parana/Autoshutdown possibility is enabledBrazil ]][[File:EC130-B4 Trakkabeam A800 Searchlight 03.jpg|thumb|240px|right|EC130-B4 of MAC rescue using Trakkabeam A800 Searchlight during flight]][[File:EC130-B4 PR-BOP Parana Policia Militar 3.jpg|thumb|240px|right|EC130-B4 PR-BOP view from below]][[File:EC130-B4 Blue Hawaiian at Patscherkofel.jpg|thumb|240px|right|Beautiful Night-Scene with EC130-B4 of Blue Hawaiian landed at Patscherkofel above Innsbruck (LOWI). Look at what Rembrandt can do !]][[File:EC130-B4 wide luggage box-012.jpg|thumb|240px|right|ZS-HOY of Starlite Helicopters with wide luggage boxes seen from above]]
== Updates after '''FG 3.0 release ==[[File:EC130-B4 Maverick.jpg|thumb|EC130-B4 5''' version of Maverick Helicopters (Grand Canyon) at LOWI]][[File:'''EC130-B4 Broward County Sheriff 2''' is the first update after FG 3.jpg|thumb|EC130-B4 Broward County Sheriff in flight near Miami]][[File:EC130-B4 PR-BOP Parana Policia Militar 4.jpg|thumb|EC130-B4 PR-BOP using 0 version and the SX-16 Nightsun first one made available in Parana/Brazil ]][[File:EC130-B4 Trakkabeam A800 Searchlight 03.jpg{{fgaddon aircraft source|thumbec130|EC130text=FGAddon -B4 of MAC rescue using Trakkabeam A800 Searchlight during flight]][[File:EC130-B4 PR-BOP Parana Policia Militar 3.jpg|thumb|EC130-B4 PR-BOP view from below]][[File:EC130-B4 Blue Hawaiian ec130}} at Patscherkofelthe new Sourceforge FGAddon SVN repository.jpg|thumb|Beautiful Night-Scene with EC130-B4 of Blue Hawaiian landed at Patscherkofel above Innsbruck (LOWI). Look at what Rembrandt can do !]][[File:EC130-B4 wide luggage box-012.jpg|thumb|ZS-HOY of Starlite Helicopters with wide luggage boxes seen from above]]
Development continues after FG 3.0 release. If you are interested in the newest features see [https://gitorious.org/ec130/ec130/ '''Git development repository'''] '''What's new after FG 3.0''' '''===New Liveries:'''===
* '''N812MH Maverick''' Helicopters (Grand Canyon)
* '''N156BC Sheriff''' Broward County Florida
</gallery>
 '''===Enhancements of Model / Equipment'''===
* '''NEW Searchlight Trakkabeam A800''' (as seen with MAC rescue) fully functional with stow/deploy, color-filters (white,amber,red,IR),...
* '''NEW additional antennas''' of different kinds (as seen with Broward County Sheriff, Parana Police)
* '''Fixes:''' handling of startselector guard fixed, rembrandt related fixes, ...
 
 
'''Enhancements of Instruments:
* '''NEW Horizon Offset Adjustment (AI)'''
* '''NEW Altimeter Pressure adjustable'''
* '''Lighting:''' improved INST.1 dimming
* '''Rotor Break Lock''' operable
File:EC130-B4 wide luggage box-007.jpg|EC130-B4 wide luggage box open with animated gas strut
</gallery>
 
===Enhancements of Instruments===
* '''NEW Horizon Offset Adjustment (AI)'''
* '''NEW Altimeter Pressure adjustable'''
* '''Lighting:''' improved INST.1 dimming
* '''Rotor Break Lock''' operable
* '''Cutoff Lever Guard''' operable
'''===Updates of User Interface'''===
* '''Configuration Dialog extended/updated''' new model/operator info, new equipment, antenna setup
* '''Simulation Options Dialog extended/updated''' light-cone visibility
- Alt-i ... Operator/Model Info Dialog (new)
- Alt-L ... cycle Light-Cone Visibility (new)
- ShiftAltGr-S L ... toggle/cycle Searchlight Filter Slew Rate (was Alt-snew)
- Alt-s ... toggle Stabilization (A800)(new)
- Shift-S ... toggle/cycle Searchlight Filter (was Alt-s)
- Ctrl-s ... reset Searchlight (was Ctrl-k)
- Ctrl-p ... pause Searchlight (was Shift-S)
- Alt-w ... W/LT TST (Warning Test) (new) - Alt-r ... toggle Rotor Break Lock(new) - AltGr-c ... toggle Cutoff Lever Guard (new) - :A* ... Multi Key Shortcuts(new)
'''New and improved Dialogs'''
<gallery>
<gallery widths=100px>
File:EC130 MultiKeyEC130_MultiKey_35.jpg|NEW Multi-Key commands (general)
File:EC130_MultiKeys_Doors.jpg|NEW Multi-Key commands (doors)
</gallery>
== Updates as of FG 2016.1 version ==
[[File:EC130_GC_Gold-015.jpg|thumb|290px|right|]]
[[File:EC130_GC_Gold-009.jpg|thumb|290px|right|The 50 year anniversary "Golden Copter" EC130 , of Grand Canyon Helicopters, USA]]
[[File:EC130_GC_Golden_Copter_Formation-046.jpg|thumb|290px|right|"Golden Copter" EC130 , of Grand Canyon Helicopters, USA in a 5 ship formation ready for take-off]]
[[File:EC130 GC Golden Copter Formation-026.jpg|thumb|290px|right|Five helicopter formation of Grand Canyon Helicopters in flight over Arizona]]
In '''FG 2016.1''' release the following improvements are done. If you are interested in the newest features see [https://gitlab.com/mhab/ec130 '''Gitlab development repository''']
===New Liveries===
* '''N836GC Grand Canyon Gold''' 50 years anniversary special ''Golden Copter'' painting
=== Formation Flight ===
* '''NEW: Formation/Wingman Support:''' A fully animated wingman model and several formation scenarios are available. For details look for the '''''Readme_Formations.txt''''' file in AI sub-directory of ec130 aircraft ... and at [[Howto:Add wingmen]]
{{Eurocopter}}===General Updates===* '''Non-Rembrandt aircraft-shadow''' improved and ALS compatible* '''Nasal Errors''' handle nil values whereever necessary, hopefully fixes some really irritating bugs ...* '''Tooltips''' improved/fixed* '''Knob Animations:''' many pick animations replaced by knob animations* '''MGPU''' (external power unit) can be removed by mouse click now* '''Panel/Instruments Lighting Controls''' fully functional with day/night selector and dimming* '''Multi Key Shortcuts''' added for panel/instrument lighting controls* '''CWS''' Warning/Cautions next to CWS added, LITE+LIMIT+GYRO+GOV (amber+red) is operational* '''Beep Sound''' whenever a red warning lights up on CWS* '''Taxi Light''' independent of Nav lights* '''Light/Searchlight''' Shortcuts adapted for Taxi Light - L ... toggle Taxi Light - Shift-L ... toggle Landing Light (was L) - AltGr-L ... toggle Searchlight (was Shift-L) - Ctrl-L ... cycle Slew Rate (was AltGr-L)
* '''Stretcher Backrest''' adjustable (EMS variants only)* '''EBCAU TEST''' implemented, EBCAU = Emergency Backup Control Ancillary Unit* '''EBCAU Check Tutorial''' implemented* '''ELT Emergency Locator Transmitter''' operational* '''Rotor RPM''' improved variable rotor speed management* '''Floats VNE Warning''' if airspeed exceeds max. speed with inflated floats* '''Crash Fire''' if enough fuel is available at crash time ===Enhancements of Instruments===* '''W/LT TST''' shows ALL warning lights* '''Rotor Break''' disables starter* '''Rotor RPM Indicator''' improved, dim knob added* '''fix cockpit clock''' so it displays sim time* '''VEMD Flight Report''' shows helicopter and turbine hobbs time* '''Instrument Lights''' dimming in NIGHT1/NIGHT2 position * '''EMER SW''' new emergency switch for emergency shutdown <gallery widths=200 heights=140px>Image:EC130_CWS_warnings_on.jpg|EC130 Warning Panel with all onImage:EC130_emerg_sw3.jpg|EC130 improved RPM indicator, RPM dim knob and NEW Emergency SwitchImage:EC130_cockpit_tach_shutdown.jpg|RPM indicator during shutdownImage:EC130_EBCAU_1.jpg|Engine panel with EBCAU TEST button and guard openImage:EC130-B4_stretcher_adjustable.jpg|Stretcher backrest is adjustable now (EMS variant only)Image:EC130 crash fire smoke-021.jpg|If you crash while enough fuel is on board a fire starts ...Image:EC130 crash fire smoke-023.jpg|... which burnes and rumbles until the fuel is gone</gallery> <gallery widths=100px>File:EC130 MultiKey.jpg|NEW Multi-Key commands added (general)File:EC130_Help_36.jpg|updated Help Dialog</gallery> == Updates as of FG 2017.2 version ==[[CategoryFile:H130 Air Zermatt.png|thumb|290px|right|H130 of Air Zermatt]][[File:H130 BH fgfs-screen-001.png|thumb|290px|right|new Blue Hawaiian H130]][[File:H130 GC fgfs-screen-002.jpg|thumb|290px|right|Grand Canyon HelicoptersH130]][[File:H130 MH fgfs-screen-004.png|thumb|290px|right|new Maverick Helicopters H130]]===General Updates===* '''H130 (EC130 T2)''' variant added** engine params** 3D Model** new/changed doors on right side** new bumpmap** liveries split up EC130 B4 and H130** menu/dialogs adjusted** panel instruments modified*** Turn indicator removed*** CWS redesigned*** Horizon (AI) redesigned*** ELT switch moved to panel*** KA51b moved to panel*** Emergency switch removed**'''New panel of H130'''<gallery widths=550 heights=300>File:H130 panel-001.jpg</gallery> * Autostart enabled after 5 flights (previous 15)* Full autostart including external power fetch/remove and Twist-Grip run-up* '''Co-Pilot, Passenger and Patient models''' added** Co-Pilot animated model (like pilot)** Patient follows backrest adjustment** internal views adjusted and limited to human view behaviour** Pilots/Passengers can be seated/removed by click animations** Co-Pilot can fly without Pilot* '''Luggage''' added** visible luggage is added according to weight, ** special stretcher roller added for EMS configuration** can be added/removed by click animation* '''Tooltips'''** Fuel tooltip shows percentage of tank fill** Weight related tooltips (passengers,luggage) show percentage of used MTOW* '''Limit Warnings'''** VNE warning considers altitude, pwr on/off and checks for open doors** New temperature warning if air temperature is outside of range -20°C <-> +50°C** improved limit warnings with more details and two warnings simultaneously possible* '''Multi Player'''** MP behaviour extended and compatibility improved* '''FDM improvements'''** more stable hover behaviour** simulate main rotor downwash on horizontal stabilizers* Use of new fresnel effect in reflection shader ===New Liveries===* '''HB-ZAZ''' Air Zermatt (H130)* '''N836GC''' Grand Canyon Gold, converted to H130* '''N832GC''' Grand Canyon Helicopters, adapted from EC130-B4 model N155GC* '''N11EQ''' Blue Hawaiian Helicopters, adapted from EC130-B4 model N11QC* '''N872MH''' Maverick Helicopters, adapted from EC130-B4 model N812MH <gallery widths=200 heights=140px>File:H130 new air intake and passengers.png|H130 new air intake and passengersFile:H130 people fgfs-screen-019.jpg|View from inside with passengersFile:H130 people fgfs-screen-001.jpg|People seated, click to place/remove themFile:EC130 stretcher-001.png|Stretcher emptyFile:EC130 luggage 1.png|H130 with one piece of luggage loadedFile:EC130 luggage wide full.png|EC130 with wide luggage box and fully packedFile:H130 remove luggage tooltip.jpg|H130 remove luggage tooltipFile:H130 ski luggage.jpg|Left basket with skisFile:H130 ski luggage closed.jpg|Left basket full and closedFile:EC130 EMS equipment.jpg|special stretcher roller as luggage in EMS configurationFile:EC130 EMS equipment with patient.jpg|EMS equipment with patientFile:H130 fuel animation.jpg|"Fuel" animation: refuel the heli by click or mouse-wheel animation</gallery> == Updates in Development Repository (after FG 2017.2) ==After '''FG 2017.2''' release the following improvements were done. If you are interested in the newest features see [https://gitlab.com/mhab/ec130 '''Gitlab development repository'''] ===General===* more stable flight behavior, especially in hover situations ===New Liveries===* '''N127LG''' Flight For Life Colorado (H130), operational since May 1st, 2017.The helicopter started operation on May 1st, 2017 and provides transportation to pediatric patients within a 120-mile service area, including Colorado, southwestern Nebraska and southern Wyoming. <gallery widths=300 heights=180px>File:H130 N127LG-002.png|NEW Heli stationed at Centennial Airport Denver (KAPA)File:H130 N127LG LOWI-007.png|H130 of Flight For Life Colorado on Heliport of Innsbruck Hospital</gallery> ===Hot Stuff===<gallery widths=700 heights=380px>File:Hot Stuff with H130 at Stromboli.jpg|Flying with H130 of Blue Hawaiian next to an eruption of Stromboli volcano. (FG 2018)</gallery>{{Eurocopter}}
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