Emergency Approach

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This training flight develops the student's accuracy, judgment, planning, technique, and confidence when little or no power is available in an emergency approach and landing.

Aim of an Emergency Approach training

The Emergency Approach training should train/teach you...

  • Prompt establishment of the best glide airspeed and the recommended configuration.
  • How to select a suitable emergency landing area.
  • Planning and execution of approach to the selected landing area.
  • Use of emergency checklist.
  • Importance of attempting to determine reason for the malfunction.
  • Importance of dividing attention between flying the approach and accomplishing emergency checklist.
  • Techniques that can be used to compensate for undershooting or overshooting selected emergency landing area.

Schedule

Maneuver Duration Time
1 Pre-flight instruction 10 Minutes 0:00 - 0:10
2 Travel to training area 10 Minutes 0:10 - 0:20
3 Instructor Demonstration 10 Minutes 0:20 - 0:30
4 Student Practice 20 Minutes 0:30 - 0:50
5 Return from practice area 10 Minutes 0:50 - 1:00
6 Post-flight Review 10 Minutes 1:00 - 1:10

Total time: 1:10

Equipment

You will need a functional aircraft, a free practice area and airport and an instructor

Tasks

Instructor’s Actions

  1. Conduct preflight training on the elements of an emergency approach.
  2. Demonstrate emergency approach.
  3. Conduct post flight briefing.

Student’s Actions

  1. Ask questions, review homework.
  2. Perform preflight.
  3. Observe demonstrations.
  4. Perform IAW PTS (in accordance with practical test standards).

Completition Standarts

The student has to perform Emergency Approach IAW the PTS.

Common Errors

These errors can lead to fail in the Emergency Approach test

  • Failure to maintain Best Glide Speed.
  • Improper airplane configuration.

Checklist for Flight

A. Lesson Requirements

  1. Task: Perform an emergency approach and landing.
  2. Condition: Given a functional aircraft.
  3. Standard: IAW the PTS.
    1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to emergency approach and landing procedures.
    2. Analyzes the situation and selects an appropriate course of action.
    3. Establishes and maintains the recommended best-glide airspeed, ±10 knots.
    4. Selects a suitable landing area.
    5. Plans and follows a flight pattern to the selected landing area considering altitude, wind, terrain, and obstructions.
    6. Prepares for landing, or go-around, as specified by the examiner.
    7. Follows the appropriate checklist.

B. Identify the most important elements

  1. Fly the plane.
  2. Best glide speed.
  3. Identify landing area.
  4. Student check
    1. What is the best glide speed in this airplane? _______

C. Identify common errors

  1. Failure to maintain best glide speed. Pitch for airspeed, this is especially critical when you have no power.
  2. Failure to reach the landing area. Pick a better landing area, fly the plane. You may have to adjust your speed, but don’t stall.
  3. Failure to use the checklists. Once you have the plane under control, start troubleshooting.

D. Perform an emergency approach

  1. Get best glide speed.
  2. Identify landing area, begin moving toward it.
  3. Troubleshoot.
    1. fuel on correct tank
    2. fullest or both
    3. boost pumps on
      Have a nice flight! (Cessna 172P about to touchdown)
    4. mixture rich
    5. carb heat on
    6. flaps up
    7. gear up
  4. 7700 on transponder, notify ATC (121.5 or current ATC freq)
  5. Set up for landing.
  6. Extend gear and flaps when landing assured. (Examiner may end here)
  7. Prior to landing open doors.
  8. Land.

Used abbreviations

  • ATC = Air Traffic Control
  • IAW = In Accordance With
  • PROC = Procedure
  • PTS = Practical Test Standards