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User:Zakharov/zkv1000 user guide

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Revision as of 14:26, 2 January 2018 by Zakharov (talk | contribs) (→‎Maps)
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Introduction

The zkv1000 is an instrument which concentrates some other instruments in only one single and simple interface. It is largely inspired from the famous display parts of Garmin Primus 1000. Once said, the zkv1000 is definitively *not* a exact replica of the Garmin Primus 1000, and isn't intended to be one. Sorry about that.
Depending of your aircraft you may have in your cockpit different configurations, and some unavailable entries. Even we are ina sim, so there is no limit in the way to get full instrumented glide plane it may be interesting to limit the use of certain functions depending of the aircraft. This has to checked with the aircraft maintainer, or if you feel free with the GPL licence you may modify the aircraft to get the desired functions to work (see installation guide)

Overview

There is two devices for now: MFD and PFD. You may find in your aircraft a configuration with only one of those, one of each or one MFD and two PFD. But there may be other configurations if the aircraft maintainer has decided it.

PFD

zkv1000 PFD overview


MFD

zkv1000 MFD overview


Softkeys codes

Zkv1000-available softkeys.png
BrightWhite on Black : available menu entry.
Grey on Black : not yet implemented entry or not available in this aircraft
Black : no entry

Zkv1000-active-softkey.png
Black on White : activated entry

UI code and usage

Zkv1000-available menus.png
Selected entry is in Black on LightBlue

selectable items
entries with marks < or > or both are entries with limited number of choices.
First choice doesn't show the < char, last one doesn't show the > char. All other show both < and >
Navigate from an entry to the next or the previous by turning the large FMS knob, modify the value of the entry by turning the small FMS knob.

Flight Instruments

Airspeed indicator

The indicated airspeed tape is in knots and can show up to 1000 knots. The black pointer shows the current IAS.
On the tape major ticks are shown at 10 knots interval, minor ticks at 5 knots interval. A pink trend vector shows the estimated speed in the next 6 seconds (in the limit of +/- 30 knots).
There may be some Vspeeds marks (pink, text in white) specific to the aircraft (cf installation guide). It is possible to modify these values of the Vspeeds references by using the softkeys menu TMR/REF which make a window appear in the right down corner of the screen, and then navigating to the value to change it as described in UI code and usage chapter.
The black pointer will take a red color if IAS exceeds the defined Vne.
The true airspeed is shown under the speed tape, and the ground speed. Both are in knots.
If the device is configured with stall angle of attack (see installation guide) then the softkeys menus PFD > AOA/WIND > AOA ON shows up a window just near the airspeed tape. This indicates the current normalized angle of attack, a LightBlue mark shows the best normalized angle of attack for approach.
The softkey menu PFD > AOA/WIND > AOA AUTO make the AoA indicator showing up automagically if the gears are down and flaps out.
The softkey menu PFD > AOA/WIND > WIND > OPTN1 shows up the direction of the wind relative to the aircraft (heading and speed)
The softkey menu PFD > AOA/WIND > WIND > OPTN2 shows up the direction of the wind with front and cross wind components
The softkey menu PFD > AOA/WIND > WIND > OFF hides the wind indicator window.

Altitude indicator

The altitude tape is in feet, and shows from -990ft to 99990ft. The black pointer shows the current indicated altitude (determined from the air pressure), 20ft graduated. A trend vector indicates the readched altitude in the next 6 seconds in the limit of +/- 300ft.
The barometric setting is shwon just under the altitude tape. It is graduated in inHg by default, but this can be modified to hPa using the softkey menu PFD > HPA, and back to inHg via menu PFD > IN. The setting to standard barometric value (29.92inHg or 1023hPa) can be automatically set by the menu PFD > STD BARO. The barometer setting is essential and can be done by turning the BARO knob in front of the device (left side, under the COMM knob).
The selected altitude is indicated by a lightblue bug along the altitude tape. It is blocked at the upper or lower corner of the tape until the tape has in its range the selected altitude. While the selected altitude isn't in the +/- 300 ft range a black box indicate the selected altitude above the altitude tape. This box disappear when the indicated altitude is +/- 100 ft of selected altitude.

Vertical speed indicator

The vertical speed indicator is on the right just near the altitude tape, and is graduated with major ticks every 1000 ft/min, and minor ticks every 500 ft/min.
A black pointer containing the vertical speed with 10 ft/min precision moves along the non-moving tape. If the vertical speed exceeds +/- 4500 ft/min the pointer is locked to the upper/lower of the non-moving tape, and the vertical speed is detailed inside the pointer.

Attitude indicator

Pitch scale is graduated 10° up to 80°, with minor marks 5° interval up to 25°, and every 2.5° below 20° pitch. The horizon line is part of the pitch scale, and represents a pitch of 0°.
The roll scale is the 120° arc. The inverted triangle represents 0° roll. Major ticks represent 30° and 60°, minor ticks represent 10°, 20° and 45°.
The slip skid indicator is the bar beneath the roll pointer. The Slip Skid indicator moves laterally away from the pointer to indicate the lateral acceleration.

Horizontal situation indicator

EIS

Flight Management

Maps

The map content can be modified by using INSET softkey on PFD, and MAP softkey on MFD, then by activating or de-activating each layer.

The map orientation and zoom can be modified by pressing the MENU button.
Map orientation and zoom configuration
The zoom is an number, from 7 to 13, which is not reflecting the range in nautic miles. Here's a table for approximative ranges:

Zoom index Approximative range
7 Example
8 Example
9 Example
10 Example
11 Example
12 Example
13 Example

Four orientations are available:

  • NORTH UP: in this configuration the aircraft symbol rotates, the map is aligned with North up
  • TRK UP (Track Up): if aircraft is on the ground the aircraft symbol doesn't rotates and is up, map rotates to represent the heading of the airplane. Airborn, the top of the map is aligned with the current ground track.
  • DTK UP (Desired Track Up): alignes the map with the desired course (only available if desired course has been set)
  • HDG UP (Heading Up): the top of the map is the current heading of the aircraft

When the desired zoom and orientation are selected, validate by pressing ENT button. Pressing the CLR exit the modification window without saving the changes.

Terrain

You have to choose the map background you want to be displayed. For this you have to use the options in your .fgfsrc. This is subject to change in near future in order to allow to change the maps while the device is running. For now there are some options to tells the zkv1000 which map you want:

LFBT - tiles from maps.wikimedia.org

without any configuration (default settings)

LFBT tiles from thunderforest.com (registration needed)
--prop:/sim/online-tiles-server=tile.thunderforest.com
--prop:/sim/online-tiles-type=landscape
--prop:/sim/online-tiles-apikey=?apikey=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX


LFBT - tiles from opentopomap
--prop:/sim/online-tiles-server=a.tile.opentopomap.org<br>
--prop:/sim/online-tiles-type=/


LFBT - tiles from ign.fr (covering France only)

(maps covering only France)

--prop:/sim/online-tiles-server=wxs.ign.fr<br>
--prop:/sim/online-tiles-type=GEOGRAPHICALGRIDSYSTEMS.MAPS.SCAN-OACI<br>
--prop:/sim/online-tiles-format=jpeg<br>
--prop:/sim/online-tiles-template=https://{server}/an7nvfzojv5wa96dsga5nk8w/geoportail/wmts?layer={type}&style=normal&tilematrixset=PM&Service=WMTS&Request=GetTile&Version=1.0.


(nothing displayed with this configuration)

--prop:/sim/online-tiles-server=1.tile.maps.openaip.net<br>
--prop:/sim/online-tiles-type=EPSG:900913@png<br>
--prop:/sim/online-tiles-template=http://{server}/geowebcache/service/tms/1.0.0/openaip_basemap@{type}/{z}/{x}/{y}.png


NavAids

Route

TCAS

Traffic announciator is shown as there is a traffic in sight, until there is no traffic at all

Topography

Inset map

Menus

Transponder