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Difference between revisions of "Extra EA-500/IFD"

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(FMS - Map FPL)
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=Integrated Flight Display System=
 
=Integrated Flight Display System=
 +
[[Extra_EA-500#Other_Extra500_wiki_pages|return to extra500 main page]]<br />
 +
 
The system assist a single pilot to manage an IFR-operated flight. The design is clearly oriented to provide quick access to the requested information and to handle the data as quickly as possible. The goal is to relieve the pilot and reduce the pilot's workload.
 
The system assist a single pilot to manage an IFR-operated flight. The design is clearly oriented to provide quick access to the requested information and to handle the data as quickly as possible. The goal is to relieve the pilot and reduce the pilot's workload.
  
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* 2. Baro knob to adjust the altimeter setting {{key press|wheel up}} for +, {{key press|wheel down}} for - and {{key press|wheel press}} set 1013 (standard)
 
* 2. Baro knob to adjust the altimeter setting {{key press|wheel up}} for +, {{key press|wheel down}} for - and {{key press|wheel press}} set 1013 (standard)
 
* L1-6 and R1-6 "Line Select Key"(LSK) is a rocker switch and can have two functions left/right indicated in the display
 
* L1-6 and R1-6 "Line Select Key"(LSK) is a rocker switch and can have two functions left/right indicated in the display
* LK and RK rotary knob usable with {{key press|wheel up}}, {{key press|wheel down}} and {{key press|wheel press}} and +{{key press|shift}} increases the amount
+
* LK and RK rotary knob usable with {{key press|wheel up}}, {{key press|wheel down}} and {{key press|wheel press}} and +{{key press|shift}} decreases the amount
 
* Page Select Key is a rocker switch first {{key press|mouse left}} select the page then {{key press|mouse left}} navigate through the tabs left/right
 
* Page Select Key is a rocker switch first {{key press|mouse left}} select the page then {{key press|mouse left}} navigate through the tabs left/right
  
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* R5 : Set VS
 
* R5 : Set VS
 
* RK : adjusts the selected bug, default Heading
 
* RK : adjusts the selected bug, default Heading
 +
 +
==={{key press|L1}} : Primary Nav===
 +
Enables you 3 sources [Nav1|Nav2|FMS] to drive the autopilot.
 +
 +
'''Nav1 Nav2'''
 +
 +
Autopilot in NAV mode will follow the radio navigation aids VOR, LOC or ILS.
 +
With the rotary knob {{key press|LK}} you can select the course and sync by pushing the wheel.
 +
VOR sync bearing.
 +
LOC sync course line.
 +
 +
[[#NAV_:_Navigation_Frequencies| HowTo input Frequencies]]
 +
 +
'''FMS'''
 +
 +
Autopilot in NAV/GPSS mode will follow the flightplan as filed.
 +
With the rotary knob {{key press|LK}} you can adjust the course to a waypoint. The FMS will switch in OBS mode and use the course as a radial for the given waypoint.
 +
 +
==={{key press|L3}} : Bearing Ptr===
 +
Enables you to display a bearing to the selected navigation source [Nav1|Nav2|FMS]. The pointer is only visible if the source is in range.
 +
 +
==={{key press|L5}} : Fly Vectors===
 +
This is your hook to the FMS. IF you flying FMS you can leave the route by pressing the {{key press|L5}} and follow the HDG bug. The flightplan is still active and by crossing the route again the FMS will intercept the LEG to continue the route.
 +
 +
==={{key press|R2}} : Timer===
 +
Press {{key press|R2}} to start the timer then you can reset the running timer or stop it. Reset a stopped timer will set it back to zero.
 +
 +
===Bug Selection===
 +
Select the "Bug Select" Tab by pressing the {{key press|PFD}} page rocker switch to the right. With the LSK {{key press|R3}}  {{key press|R4}}  {{key press|R5}}  you can select the corresponding bug for input.
 +
The rotary knob {{key press|RK}} will adjust the selected bug. By pressing the knob you can sync the bug.
 +
After 10sec of no input it will switch back to the HDG bug selection.
  
 
==FMS : Flight Management System==
 
==FMS : Flight Management System==
 
[[File:IFD FMS-FlightPlan.png|400px|thumbnail|right|IFD FMS-FlightPlan]]
 
[[File:IFD FMS-FlightPlan.png|400px|thumbnail|right|IFD FMS-FlightPlan]]
 
[[File:IFD FMS-Map FPL.png|400px|thumbnail|right|IFD FMS-Map FPL]]
 
[[File:IFD FMS-Map FPL.png|400px|thumbnail|right|IFD FMS-Map FPL]]
The Flight Plan tab enables you to view and edit a flight plan.
+
 
 
===FMS - Flightplan===
 
===FMS - Flightplan===
 
The Flight Plan tab enables you to view and edit a flight plan.
 
The Flight Plan tab enables you to view and edit a flight plan.
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* L4 : select Com2, Nav2
 
* L4 : select Com2, Nav2
 
* L5 : <span style="color:grey">Transponder ident</span>
 
* L5 : <span style="color:grey">Transponder ident</span>
* L6 : <span style="color:grey">Advidories</span>
+
* L6 : <span style="color:grey">Advisories</span>
 
||
 
||
 
* R1 : Blank
 
* R1 : Blank
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|
 
|
 
* LK : Tune/Tune/Swap (all but L5)
 
* LK : Tune/Tune/Swap (all but L5)
* LK : <span style="color:grey">Squak/Squak/Mode (only L5)</span>
+
* LK : <span style="color:grey">Squawk/Squawk/Mode (only L5)</span>
 
||
 
||
 
* RK : Scroll coarse/Scroll fine/Select
 
* RK : Scroll coarse/Scroll fine/Select
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===FMS - Map FPL===
 
===FMS - Map FPL===
  
Is a split screen with the moving map and the flightplan. There are no LSK keys use the brezl or keypad to interact with the map and flightplan
+
Is a split screen with the moving map and the flightplan. There are no LSK keys use the bezel or keypad to interact with the map and flightplan
 
{|
 
{|
 
|-
 
|-
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* L4 : Blank
 
* L4 : Blank
 
* L5 : Blank
 
* L5 : Blank
* L6 : <span style="color:grey">Advidories</span>
+
* L6 : <span style="color:grey">Advisories</span>
 
||
 
||
 
* R1 : Blank
 
* R1 : Blank
Line 109: Line 142:
  
 
==Map : Moving Map==
 
==Map : Moving Map==
===Map : Map+===
+
===Map - Map+===
 
[[File:IFD MAP-Map+.png|thumb|400px|right|IFD MAP-Map+]]
 
[[File:IFD MAP-Map+.png|thumb|400px|right|IFD MAP-Map+]]
 
{|
 
{|
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|
 
|
 
* LK : Tune/Tune/Swap (all but L5)
 
* LK : Tune/Tune/Swap (all but L5)
* LK : <span style="color:grey">Squak/Squak/Mode (only L5)</span>
+
* LK : <span style="color:grey">Squawk/Squawk/Mode (only L5)</span>
 
||
 
||
 
* RK : Range/Range/View
 
* RK : Range/Range/View
 
|}
 
|}
  
===Map : Map===
+
===Map - Map===
 
[[File:IFD MAP-Map.png|thumb|400px|right|IFD MAP-Map]]
 
[[File:IFD MAP-Map.png|thumb|400px|right|IFD MAP-Map]]
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
* L1 : Blank
 +
* L2 : Blank
 +
* L3 : Blank
 +
* L4 : Blank
 +
* L5 : Blank
 +
* L6 : <span style="color:grey">Advisories</span>
 +
||
 +
* R1 : <span style="color:grey">Land</span> | Nav 3 states declutter
 +
* R2 : <span style="color:grey">Lightning select Off, DataLink, Strike, WX-500</span>
 +
* R3 : <span style="color:grey">Wx Reports METARs, AIR/SIGMETs, All, Off</span>
 +
* R4 : <span style="color:grey"> Wx Overlay select NOWradR2y, NOWrad+, Icing, Icing+, Off</span>
 +
* R5 : <span style="color:grey">Icing Alt (only if Icing or Icing+ selected in R4)</span>
 +
* R6 : <span style="color:grey">Caution and Warnings Message Bar</span>
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
* LK : Blank
 +
||
 +
* RK : Range/Range/View
 +
|}
  
 
==SYS : System Pages==
 
==SYS : System Pages==
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=Keypad=
 
=Keypad=
 
[[File:Keypad.png|400px|thumbnail|right|Keypad]]
 
[[File:Keypad.png|400px|thumbnail|right|Keypad]]
 +
The keypad has a QWERTY layout with a few special function buttons along the outer edges and a row of number keys along the top of the keypad.
 +
 +
The display has two areas : a semi-permanent screen for com and nav frequencies on the left. On the right half there are the relevant data displayed according to the performed operation on the keypad (e.g. transponder code input, autopilot settings, FMS data entry, etc).
 +
 +
All edits are "live edits" in that they are immediately applied.
 +
 
==COM : Communication Frequencies==
 
==COM : Communication Frequencies==
 +
Communication tuning on the keyboard. Selecting the {{key press|Com1}} or {{key press|Com2}} with the top left short-keys activates the standby frequency for input.
 +
 +
With the number keys {{key press|0-9}} you can enter the new frequency the leading 1__.__ must not typed in. With the {{key press|CLR}} Key the input is cleared, {{key press|CNCL}} cancels the input and {{key press|ENTER}} or the Swap Key on the left display side confirm the frequency. Also a time out will confirm the input.
 +
 +
After input time out the left screen will display the via audiopanel selected com radio transceiver and wait for input.
 
==NAV : Navigation Frequencies==
 
==NAV : Navigation Frequencies==
 +
Navigation tuning on the keyboard. Selecting the {{key press|Nav1}} or {{key press|Nav2}} with the top left short-keys activates the standby frequency for input.
 +
 +
Input handling is the same like Communication Frequencies.
 +
 
==XPDR : Transponder==
 
==XPDR : Transponder==
 +
Transponder setting on the keyboard. Selecting the {{key press|XPDR}} Key will show the transponder screen on the right. With the keyboard you can enter the new code.
 +
Pressing {{key press|Mode}} will switch through the transponder modes [GND, ON, ALT ,OFF, SBY, TST]. The {{key press|VFR}} Key sets the transponder code to the default VFR code 7000.
 +
{{key press|IDENT}} sets the transponder in ident mode.
 +
 
==AUX : DME==
 
==AUX : DME==
 +
The keypad is used to tune the DME receiver to Nav1, Nav2, Nav1 Hold or Nav2 Hold. Pressing the {{key press|Aux}} button shows a list of the two active nav frequencies. With the bottom right {{key press|FMS}} knob the frequency can be selected and tune the DME receiver. If the active frequency is changed, the DME will be tuned to the new frequency. This behavior can be suppressed by selecting the "HOLD" frequency.
 +
 +
==FREQ LIST : Frequency List==
 +
<span style="color:grey">The {{key press|FREQ LIST}} will show a list of the most logical frequencies for your geographic position and flight phase. with the {{key press|FMS knob}} you can select it into the standby frequency of the active com radio transceiver</span>
 +
 +
==Special Keys==
 +
* PROC : <span style="color:grey">a shortcut to the published arrival or approach procedure</span>
 +
* NRST : <span style="color:grey">selects the FMS-Nearest Page and can toggle [Nearest Airports, Nearest Airports to destination, VORs, NDBs, Intersections, ARTCCs, FSS]</span>
 +
* -D-> : DirectTo the selected waypoint in the active flightplan
 +
* -V-> : FlyVectors an override of the active flightplan, the aircraft will follow the HDG bug.
 +
 +
==Altitude knob==
 +
The altitude knob(bottom left) changes the altitude bug of the autopilot. When turned, the selected altitude is shown on the keypad screen. By pushing, the altitude bug is synced with the current altitude of the aircraft (rounded to 100ft).
 +
 +
==Heading knob==
 +
The heading knob(bottom center) changes the heading bug of the autopilot. When turned, the selected heading is shown on the keypad screen. By pushing, the heading bug is synced with the current heading of the aircraft. 
 +
 +
==FMS knob==
 +
The FMS knob(bottom right) has several functions depending on the performed operation in the keypad and IFD. In most cases it will scroll through selectable objects.
 +
 +
[[Category:Extra]]
 +
[[Category:Aircraft documentation]]

Latest revision as of 06:17, 12 November 2017

Integrated Flight Display System

return to extra500 main page

The system assist a single pilot to manage an IFR-operated flight. The design is clearly oriented to provide quick access to the requested information and to handle the data as quickly as possible. The goal is to relieve the pilot and reduce the pilot's workload.

The Integrated Avionics System in the Extra500 consists of two IFD-s in the front and one Keypad in the center console.

Display

IFD Keys

Each IFD has five page-select keys at the bottom. With these keys the active page can be selected. Once on the active page, the appropriate page-select key will navigate through the associated tabs. On the left- and right hand side, there are multi- function keys, so called "Line Select Key"(LSK). Each tab serves a function on the LSK. If it has a function, this is indicated with a light on the key (green at day, white at night). The intended function name of the LSK is displayed next to it on the display. On the left and right bottom corners, there are two rotary knobs. The intended function is displayed in the left/right corners of the tab indication.

  • 1. Dimming knob for the display brightness mouse left
  • 2. Baro knob to adjust the altimeter setting wheel up for +, wheel down for - and wheel press set 1013 (standard)
  • L1-6 and R1-6 "Line Select Key"(LSK) is a rocker switch and can have two functions left/right indicated in the display
  • LK and RK rotary knob usable with wheel up, wheel down and wheel press and + Shift decreases the amount
  • Page Select Key is a rocker switch first mouse left select the page then mouse left navigate through the tabs left/right

PFD : Primary Flight Display

IFD PFD-Nav Display
IFD PFD-Bug Select

Primary Flight instruments, controls and indicators.

  • Autopilot Annunciations
  • Airspeed indicator
  • Attitude Indicator
  • Marker Beacon
  • Slip/Skid
  • Flight Director Command Bars
  • Altimeter
  • Vertical Speed Indicator
  • Wind Indicator
  • Ground Speed Indicator
  • Heading Indicator
  • Heading Bug Indicator
  • Active Com Frequency
  • L1 : Primary Nav select Nav1, Nav2, FMS
  • L3 : Bearing Pointer select Off, Nav1, Nav2, FMS
  • L5 : "Hook" into FMS. Fly Vectors
  • R2 : Timer
  • LK : Course

PFD - Nav Display

  • R4 : Flightplan visible On/Off
  • R5 : CDI visible On/Off
  • RK : Range/View of the map

PFD - Bug Select

  • R3 : Set Heading
  • R4 : Set Altitude
  • R5 : Set VS
  • RK : adjusts the selected bug, default Heading

L1 : Primary Nav

Enables you 3 sources [Nav1|Nav2|FMS] to drive the autopilot.

Nav1 Nav2

Autopilot in NAV mode will follow the radio navigation aids VOR, LOC or ILS. With the rotary knob LK you can select the course and sync by pushing the wheel. VOR sync bearing. LOC sync course line.

HowTo input Frequencies

FMS

Autopilot in NAV/GPSS mode will follow the flightplan as filed. With the rotary knob LK you can adjust the course to a waypoint. The FMS will switch in OBS mode and use the course as a radial for the given waypoint.

L3 : Bearing Ptr

Enables you to display a bearing to the selected navigation source [Nav1|Nav2|FMS]. The pointer is only visible if the source is in range.

L5 : Fly Vectors

This is your hook to the FMS. IF you flying FMS you can leave the route by pressing the L5 and follow the HDG bug. The flightplan is still active and by crossing the route again the FMS will intercept the LEG to continue the route.

R2 : Timer

Press R2 to start the timer then you can reset the running timer or stop it. Reset a stopped timer will set it back to zero.

Bug Selection

Select the "Bug Select" Tab by pressing the PFD page rocker switch to the right. With the LSK R3 R4 R5 you can select the corresponding bug for input. The rotary knob RK will adjust the selected bug. By pressing the knob you can sync the bug. After 10sec of no input it will switch back to the HDG bug selection.

FMS : Flight Management System

IFD FMS-FlightPlan
IFD FMS-Map FPL

FMS - Flightplan

The Flight Plan tab enables you to view and edit a flight plan.

  • L1 : Traffic Mode Normal, Above, Unlimited, Below. Range 2NM 6NM
  • L2 : Tuning select Com or Nav
  • L3 : select Com1, Nav1
  • L4 : select Com2, Nav2
  • L5 : Transponder ident
  • L6 : Advisories
  • R1 : Blank
  • R2 : Blank
  • R3 : Info Off, Metar, Nav Data
  • R4 : -D-> direct to waypoint
  • R5 : Delete Waypoint
  • R6 : Caution and Warnings Message Bar
  • LK : Tune/Tune/Swap (all but L5)
  • LK : Squawk/Squawk/Mode (only L5)
  • RK : Scroll coarse/Scroll fine/Select

FMS - Map FPL

Is a split screen with the moving map and the flightplan. There are no LSK keys use the bezel or keypad to interact with the map and flightplan

  • L1 : Blank
  • L2 : Blank
  • L3 : Blank
  • L4 : Blank
  • L5 : Blank
  • L6 : Advisories
  • R1 : Blank
  • R2 : Blank
  • R3 : Blank
  • R4 : Blank
  • R5 : Blank
  • R6 : Caution and Warnings Message Bar
  • LK : Range/Range/View
  • RK : Scroll coarse/Scroll fine/Select

Map : Moving Map

Map - Map+

IFD MAP-Map+
  • L1 : Traffic Mode Normal, Above, Unlimited, Below. Range 2NM 6NM
  • L2 : Tuning select Com or Nav
  • L3 : select Com1, Nav1
  • L4 : select Com2, Nav2
  • L5 : Transponder ident
  • L6 : Advidories
  • R1 : Land | Nav 3 states declutter
  • R2 : Lightning select Off, DataLink, Strike, WX-500
  • R3 : Wx Reports METARs, AIR/SIGMETs, All, Off
  • R4 : Wx Overlay select NOWradR2y, NOWrad+, Icing, Icing+, Off
  • R5 : Icing Alt (only if Icing or Icing+ selected in R4)
  • R6 : Caution and Warnings Message Bar
  • LK : Tune/Tune/Swap (all but L5)
  • LK : Squawk/Squawk/Mode (only L5)
  • RK : Range/Range/View

Map - Map

IFD MAP-Map
  • L1 : Blank
  • L2 : Blank
  • L3 : Blank
  • L4 : Blank
  • L5 : Blank
  • L6 : Advisories
  • R1 : Land | Nav 3 states declutter
  • R2 : Lightning select Off, DataLink, Strike, WX-500
  • R3 : Wx Reports METARs, AIR/SIGMETs, All, Off
  • R4 : Wx Overlay select NOWradR2y, NOWrad+, Icing, Icing+, Off
  • R5 : Icing Alt (only if Icing or Icing+ selected in R4)
  • R6 : Caution and Warnings Message Bar
  • LK : Blank
  • RK : Range/Range/View

SYS : System Pages

CHKL: Electronic Checklist

Keypad

Keypad

The keypad has a QWERTY layout with a few special function buttons along the outer edges and a row of number keys along the top of the keypad.

The display has two areas : a semi-permanent screen for com and nav frequencies on the left. On the right half there are the relevant data displayed according to the performed operation on the keypad (e.g. transponder code input, autopilot settings, FMS data entry, etc).

All edits are "live edits" in that they are immediately applied.

COM : Communication Frequencies

Communication tuning on the keyboard. Selecting the Com1 or Com2 with the top left short-keys activates the standby frequency for input.

With the number keys 0-9 you can enter the new frequency the leading 1__.__ must not typed in. With the CLR Key the input is cleared, CNCL cancels the input and Enter or the Swap Key on the left display side confirm the frequency. Also a time out will confirm the input.

After input time out the left screen will display the via audiopanel selected com radio transceiver and wait for input.

NAV : Navigation Frequencies

Navigation tuning on the keyboard. Selecting the Nav1 or Nav2 with the top left short-keys activates the standby frequency for input.

Input handling is the same like Communication Frequencies.

XPDR : Transponder

Transponder setting on the keyboard. Selecting the XPDR Key will show the transponder screen on the right. With the keyboard you can enter the new code. Pressing Mode will switch through the transponder modes [GND, ON, ALT ,OFF, SBY, TST]. The VFR Key sets the transponder code to the default VFR code 7000. IDENT sets the transponder in ident mode.

AUX : DME

The keypad is used to tune the DME receiver to Nav1, Nav2, Nav1 Hold or Nav2 Hold. Pressing the Aux button shows a list of the two active nav frequencies. With the bottom right FMS knob the frequency can be selected and tune the DME receiver. If the active frequency is changed, the DME will be tuned to the new frequency. This behavior can be suppressed by selecting the "HOLD" frequency.

FREQ LIST : Frequency List

The FREQ LIST will show a list of the most logical frequencies for your geographic position and flight phase. with the FMS knob you can select it into the standby frequency of the active com radio transceiver

Special Keys

  • PROC : a shortcut to the published arrival or approach procedure
  • NRST : selects the FMS-Nearest Page and can toggle [Nearest Airports, Nearest Airports to destination, VORs, NDBs, Intersections, ARTCCs, FSS]
  • -D-> : DirectTo the selected waypoint in the active flightplan
  • -V-> : FlyVectors an override of the active flightplan, the aircraft will follow the HDG bug.

Altitude knob

The altitude knob(bottom left) changes the altitude bug of the autopilot. When turned, the selected altitude is shown on the keypad screen. By pushing, the altitude bug is synced with the current altitude of the aircraft (rounded to 100ft).

Heading knob

The heading knob(bottom center) changes the heading bug of the autopilot. When turned, the selected heading is shown on the keypad screen. By pushing, the heading bug is synced with the current heading of the aircraft.

FMS knob

The FMS knob(bottom right) has several functions depending on the performed operation in the keypad and IFD. In most cases it will scroll through selectable objects.