Difference between revisions of "Extra EA-500"

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{{infobox Aircraft
+
{{:{{PAGENAME}}/info}}
|image = Extra500 flightgear1.png
+
|alt            = Extra 500 flying in clouds
+
|name = Extra EA 400-500
+
|type = Civilian aircraft
+
|fdm = JSBSim
+
|status-fdm = 4
+
|status-systems = 5
+
|status-cockpit = 4
+
|status-model = 4
+
|authors = D-EKEW, D-LEON, D-STHO
+
|fgname = extra500
+
}}
+
 
[[File:Extra 500.jpg|thumb|250px|The real Extra 500]]
 
[[File:Extra 500.jpg|thumb|250px|The real Extra 500]]
  
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== Status ==
 
== Status ==
For '''Flightgear 3.4''' or later:<br />
+
; Flightgear 2019.1.1 and later: Current stable release is 5.2.0 (01.11.2019) and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F2019.1 here] and can be found at the {{fgaddon aircraft source|extra500|text=FGAddon repository}}.
Current stable release is 2.0.0 (10.01.2015) and can be found in the fgaddon repository [http://sourceforge.net/p/flightgear/fgaddon/HEAD/tree/trunk/Aircraft/extra500/ FGAddon].  
+
 
 +
; Flightgear 2018.3.1 and later: Current stable release is 5.1.0 (07.09.2018) and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F2018.3 here] and can be found at the {{fgaddon aircraft source|extra500|text=FGAddon repository}}.
 +
 
 +
; Flightgear 2018.1.1 and later: Current stable release is 5.0.0 (04.02.2018) and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F2018.1 here] and can be found at the {{fgaddon aircraft source|extra500|text=FGAddon repository}}.
 +
 
 +
; Flightgear 2017.3.1 and later: Current stable release is 4.4.0 (13.08.2017) and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F2017.3 here] and can be found at the {{fgaddon aircraft source|extra500|text=FGAddon repository}}.
 +
 
 +
; Flightgear 3.6 (only): Current stable release is 3.2.0 (20.03.2016) and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F3.6.0 here].  
 +
 
 +
; Flightgear 3.4 and later: Current stable release is 2.2.0 (17.07.2015) and and can be found on GitLab. The first stable release (2.0.0) for FG 3.4 can be found on the [http://www.flightgear.org/download/aircraft-v3-4/ flightgear 3.4 download page]
  
For '''Flightgear up to 3.2''':<br />
+
; Flightgear 3.2 and earlier: The last stable release is 1.2.0 and can be found on GitLab.
The last stable release is 1.2.0 and can be found on Gitorious.
+
  
Alternatively:[[Extra_EA-500#Download|Download]]
+
Alternatively: [[#Download|Download]]
  
For the stable release make sure you are on the release/2.0.0 branch!
+
For the (latest) stable release make sure you are on the FG/2018.3 branch!
  
 
Since March 2013 D-EKEW, D-LEON, D-STHO are working on this model. They are making use of original data from the Pilot's Operation Handbook. People who have experienced the aircraft in real life help calibrating the FDM as well as tuning the systems behavior.
 
Since March 2013 D-EKEW, D-LEON, D-STHO are working on this model. They are making use of original data from the Pilot's Operation Handbook. People who have experienced the aircraft in real life help calibrating the FDM as well as tuning the systems behavior.
Line 94: Line 90:
  
 
== Download ==
 
== Download ==
The Extra500 is available via Gitorious: https://www.gitorious.org/extra500/extra500
+
Download the current stable versions for your Flightgear version:
 +
 
 +
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2019.1 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2019.1}}
 +
 
 +
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2018.3 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2018.3}}
 +
 
 +
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2018.1 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2018.1}}
 +
 
 +
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2017.3 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2017.3}}
 +
 
 +
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2017.1 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2017.1 and later}}
 +
 
 +
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2016.3 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2016.3 and later}}
 
   
 
   
 +
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2016.1 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2016.1 and later}}
 +
 +
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/3.6.0 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 3.6.0}}
 +
 +
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/3.4.0 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 3.4.0}}
 +
 +
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/3.2.0 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 3.2.0}}
 +
 
We recommend Flightgear version 3.1 or later, to benefit from the performance improvements in the canvas system.
 
We recommend Flightgear version 3.1 or later, to benefit from the performance improvements in the canvas system.
  
Stable release up to '''Flightgear 3.2''' is available from Gitorious:
+
Development takes place on GitLab: https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500.  
<code>
+
git clone <nowiki>https://git.gitorious.org/extra500/extra500.git</nowiki>
+
cd extra500
+
git checkout release/1.2.0
+
</code>
+
  
or use the download button on: [https://www.gitorious.org/extra500/extra500/source/dd79dbcb330c9a4f1d2129b7f4bc50ca8f33d1c2: release 1.2.0].
+
The latest stable release is also available on the the Flightgear SVN aircraft repository:
 +
{{#tag:syntaxhighlight|
 +
{{fgaddon co|path=Aircraft/extra500|post=}}
 +
| lang = "sh"
 +
}}
  
Stable release from '''Flightgear 3.4''' is available from FGAddon or alternatively from Gitorious:
+
And of course the [http://www.flightgear.org/download/aircraft-v3-4/ Flightgear aircraft download page] has the stable release of the point where the latest Flightgear version was released.
<code>
+
   
git clone <nowiki>https://git.gitorious.org/extra500/extra500.git</nowiki>
+
Stable releases are available for Flightgear versions 3.2.0, 3.4.0, 3.6.0, 2016.1 (use for 2016.2 as well), 2016.3 (use for 2016.4 as well), 2017.1 (use for 2017.2 as well), 2017.3, 2018.1, 2018.3 and 2019.1. You can get them using GIT:
  cd extra500
+
git checkout release/2.0.0
+
</code>
+
  
or use the download button on: [https://www.gitorious.org/extra500/extra500/source/8be8659b456639218f154b5489e8850511249632:: release 2.0.0].
+
{{#tag:syntaxhighlight|
 +
{{gitlab clone|proj=extra500|repo=extra500}}
 +
cd extra500
 +
git checkout FG/VERSION
 +
| lang = "sh"
 +
}}
  
The current development takes place in the master branch
+
With ''VERSION'' = 3.2.0, 3.4.0, 3.6.0, 2016.1, 2016.3, 2017.1, 2017.3, 2018.1, 2018.3, 2019.1
<code>
+
git clone <nowiki>https://git.gitorious.org/extra500/extra500.git</nowiki>
+
cd extra500
+
git checkout master
+
</code>
+
  
or use the download button on: [https://www.gitorious.org/extra500/extra500 master].
+
The current development takes place in the next branch
 +
{{#tag:syntaxhighlight|
 +
{{gitlab clone|proj=extra500|repo=extra500}}
 +
cd extra500
 +
git checkout next
 +
| lang = "sh"
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
== Other Extra500 wiki pages ==
 +
[[Extra EA-500/pitch control|Comfortable pitch control for mouse and joystick]]<br />
 +
[[Extra EA-500/Smooth weather|Smooth weather system]]<br />
 +
[[Extra EA-500/flight_planning|Am I going to get there?]]<br />
 +
[[Extra EA-500/Icing|Icing is not your friend]]<br />
 +
[[Extra EA-500/IFD|Howto operate your avionics system]]<br />
 +
[[Extra EA-500/autopilot|For Autopilot know it all]]<br />
 +
[[Extra EA-500/engine operation|Make sure you tread your engine well]]<br />
 +
[[Extra EA-500/failure dialog|Breaking things]]<br />
 +
[[Extra EA-500/panel reference|What is this button for???]]<br />
 +
[[Extra EA-500/config|The Extra 500 menu]]<br />
  
 
== Operation ==
 
== Operation ==
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[http://www.extraaircraft.com/techservice.php]''', right at the bottom.
 
[http://www.extraaircraft.com/techservice.php]''', right at the bottom.
  
Below is just a quick start and some selected topics. See here for the [[Extra EA-500/panel reference|panel reference page]].
+
Below is just a quick start and some selected topics. See here for the [[Extra EA-500/panel reference|''panel reference page'']].
  
WARNING: Below reflects the current development version (master). If you are using the stable version, some functionality will not be available!
+
WARNING: Below reflects the current development version (next). If you are using the stable version, some functionality may not be available!
  
 
===General Remarks===
 
===General Remarks===
Line 140: Line 170:
 
There are a few special Extra500 shortcuts:
 
There are a few special Extra500 shortcuts:
  
{{key press|CTRL}}+{{key press|E}}  Connect / disconnect External power cart
+
{| class="keytable"
 
+
! Key                                !! Function
{{key press|CTRL}}+{{key press|F}}  Control pitch with pitch trim only
+
|-
 
+
| {{key press|Ctrl}}+{{key press|e}}  || Connect / disconnect External power cart
{{key press|CTRL}}+{{key press|G}}  Put the aircraft on Jacks (for testing the gear on the ground)
+
|-
 
+
| {{key press|Ctrl}}+{{key press|f}}  || [[Extra EA-500/pitch control|Toggle pitch control modes]] (direct and force)
{{key press|W}}       Gear Warn Mute (you'll need it, alternatively press the switch on the throttle lever)
+
|-
 
+
| {{key press|Ctrl}}+{{key press|g}}  || Put the aircraft on Jacks (for testing the gear on the ground)
{{key press|R}}       Put the propeller in reverse (beta range)
+
|-
 
+
| {{key press|w}}                     || Gear Warn Mute (you'll need it, alternatively press the switch on the throttle lever)
{{key press|S}}       Condition lever fuel on/cut-off (alternatively click on the condition lever)
+
|-
 
+
| {{key press|r}}                     || Put the propeller in reverse (beta range)
{{key press|D}}       Autopilot disconnect (alternatively click on the red button on the yoke)
+
|-
 
+
| {{key press|s}}                     || Condition lever fuel on/cut-off (alternatively click on the condition lever)
{{key press|C}}       Engage Control Wheel Steering (CWS, see below)
+
|-
 
+
| {{key press|d}}                     || Autopilot disconnect (alternatively click on the red button on the yoke)
 +
|-
 +
| {{key press|c}}                     || Engage Control Wheel Steering (CWS, see below)
 +
|-
 +
| {{key press|o}}                    || Over power autopilot servos. Need to keep {{key press|o}} pressed and be very careful!
 +
|-
 +
| {{key press|<}}                    || Toggle quick view
 +
|-
 +
| {{key press|>}}                    || Define quick view: define your view you are using often and press {{key press|>}}
 +
|}
  
 
===Checklist dialog===
 
===Checklist dialog===
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# Trim: shows if the pilot (you) needs to pull or push the yoke. You will need to use the elevator trim (mouse wheel) accordingly.
 
# Trim: shows if the pilot (you) needs to pull or push the yoke. You will need to use the elevator trim (mouse wheel) accordingly.
  
All these messages are on by default, but can be switched off in the Extra500 - Configuration menu
+
All these messages are on by default, but can be switched off in the [[Extra EA-500/config|Extra500 - Configuration menu]].
  
 
The messages by far do not cover all situations, but are there to help the pilot learn the most basic behavior/limits. Typically there is no special message when it already is in the aircraft warning panel.
 
The messages by far do not cover all situations, but are there to help the pilot learn the most basic behavior/limits. Typically there is no special message when it already is in the aircraft warning panel.
   
+
 
 +
===Flight Planning===
 +
By clicking on 'Equipment - Fuel and Payload' (on the ground) you can access a comprehensive [[Extra EA-500/flight_planning|flight planning tool.]]<br /> There are four tabs, of which the 2 upper ones deal with loading the aircraft. It won't be a surprise that they are called 'Fuel' and 'Payload'. By clicking and dragging you can add passengers, baggage, dogs and fuel on the individual seats or tanks respectively. Of course while loading you must adhere to the aircraft weight and center of gravity limits. This is graphically displayed in the lower tab 'weight'. The other lower tab is a Trip Calculator. You can input your trip distance, cruise altitude, airport altitude and alternate distance to calculate your required fuel load. These values may be imported from your flight plan ('Autopilot - Route Manager') with a single click. You can also put the exact calculated fuel into your tanks by clicking on the 'Order Fuel' button.  
  
 
===Engine starting===
 
===Engine starting===
See also [[Extra EA-500/engine operation|here]]
+
See also [[Extra EA-500/engine operation|''the engine operation page'']]
  
 
[[File:Extra500 electicmains.png|thumb|400px|Extra500 side switch panel]]
 
[[File:Extra500 electicmains.png|thumb|400px|Extra500 side switch panel]]
  
* Parking Brake: Set ( {{key press|Shift|B}} or pull out middle Bowden cable in middle console AND press {{key press|B}} )
+
* Parking Brake: Set ( {{key press|Shift|b}} or pull out middle Bowden cable in middle console AND press {{key press|b}} )
 
* Battery: Switch ON
 
* Battery: Switch ON
 
* Fuel Pump 1 or 2: Switch ON
 
* Fuel Pump 1 or 2: Switch ON
Line 221: Line 262:
 
* Power lever: TRQ 111%
 
* Power lever: TRQ 111%
 
CAUTION: for Take-off (5 minutes) maximum TRQ limit is 111%, TOT 810degC
 
CAUTION: for Take-off (5 minutes) maximum TRQ limit is 111%, TOT 810degC
* Parking Brake: Release ( {{key press|Shift|B}} or push in middle Bowden cable in middle console )
+
* Parking Brake: Release ( {{key press|Shift|b}} or push in middle Bowden cable in middle console )
 
NOTE: For strong side wind, turn the ailerons against the wind
 
NOTE: For strong side wind, turn the ailerons against the wind
 
* At 71KIAS: Rotate
 
* At 71KIAS: Rotate
* Gear:         Retract ( {{key press|G}} or click the gear switch )
+
* Gear:         Retract ( {{key press|g}} or click the gear switch )
 
* Flaps: 0 degrees ( {{key press|[}} or use the flap switch )
 
* Flaps: 0 degrees ( {{key press|[}} or use the flap switch )
 
CAUTION: Flaps need to be retracted before reaching 120KIAS, gear 140KIAS
 
CAUTION: Flaps need to be retracted before reaching 120KIAS, gear 140KIAS
Line 244: Line 285:
 
Do not come in too high, too fast.
 
Do not come in too high, too fast.
  
* At 140 KIAS, gear: Extend ({{key press|Shift|G}} or click the gear switch )
+
* At 140 KIAS, gear: Extend ({{key press|Shift|g}} or click the gear switch )
 
* At 120 KIAS, flaps: 15 degrees ( {{key press|]}} or use the flap switch )
 
* At 120 KIAS, flaps: 15 degrees ( {{key press|]}} or use the flap switch )
 
* When you are sure you will land and below 109 KIAS, flaps: 30 degrees ( {{key press|]}} or use the flap switch )
 
* When you are sure you will land and below 109 KIAS, flaps: 30 degrees ( {{key press|]}} or use the flap switch )
 
* Power for a 3deg descent, 80KIAS and landing configuration is ~30% TRQ
 
* Power for a 3deg descent, 80KIAS and landing configuration is ~30% TRQ
* Dont forget to brake. For reverse press {{key press|R}}, will only toggle when power lever is in aft position!
+
* Dont forget to brake. For reverse press {{key press|r}}, will only toggle when power lever is in aft position!
  
  
 
===Engine shut-off===  
 
===Engine shut-off===  
  
* Parking Brake: Set ( {{key press|Shift|B}} or pull out middle Bowden cable in middle console AND press {{key press|B}} )
+
* Parking Brake: Set ( {{key press|Shift|b}} or pull out middle Bowden cable in middle console AND press {{key press|b}} )
 
* Fuel Pump 1 and 2: Switch OFF
 
* Fuel Pump 1 and 2: Switch OFF
 
* Standby alternator: Switch OFF
 
* Standby alternator: Switch OFF
Line 262: Line 303:
 
 
 
===Principle Autopilot functionality===
 
===Principle Autopilot functionality===
{{hatnote|See also [[Extra EA-500/autopilot|here]]}}
+
{{hatnote|See also [[Extra EA-500/autopilot|''the autopilot page'']]}}
  
 
* HDG         Follows the heading bug (set HDG bug using the keypad, press to sync)  
 
* HDG         Follows the heading bug (set HDG bug using the keypad, press to sync)  
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bring the aircraft at your wished turn and climb rate. Release {{key press|c}} and the AP will engage and keep those rates.
 
bring the aircraft at your wished turn and climb rate. Release {{key press|c}} and the AP will engage and keep those rates.
  
 +
You can overpower the servos by keeping {{key press|o}} pressed and use the normal controls. When {{key press|o}} is released the autopilot will resume its work. Be very careful and make only small movements.
  
 
The AP will disengage when:
 
The AP will disengage when:
Line 301: Line 343:
 
[[File:Extra500 audiopanel.png|thumb|400px|Extra500 audiopanel: Com1, Nav1 and Marker selected]]
 
[[File:Extra500 audiopanel.png|thumb|400px|Extra500 audiopanel: Com1, Nav1 and Marker selected]]
  
{{hatnote|See [[Extra EA-500/IFD|here]] for a more detailed description of the IFD-s.}}
+
{{hatnote|See [[Extra EA-500/IFD|''the IFD page'']] for a more detailed description of the IFD-s.}}
  
 
The COM unit (1 or 2 ) is selected on the audiopanel. Just hit the appropriate "XMT" button. Note that FGCOM only works on COM1!
 
The COM unit (1 or 2 ) is selected on the audiopanel. Just hit the appropriate "XMT" button. Note that FGCOM only works on COM1!
Line 341: Line 383:
 
Before descending from cruise, set the controller to your target airport altitude. You can monitor the cabin altitude, differential pressure and cabin climb rate on the instruments next to the controller.
 
Before descending from cruise, set the controller to your target airport altitude. You can monitor the cabin altitude, differential pressure and cabin climb rate on the instruments next to the controller.
  
 
+
Above a cabin altitude of 8000ft, it can end up in a abnormal low level of oxygen in your blood. If this happen you will feel a blackout and it's necessary to bring immediate the cabin altitude below 8000ft by descend or pressurize the cabin.
  
 
===Night Flying===
 
===Night Flying===
  
 
For lighted instruments switch on the INSTR switch on the side switch panel. On the same panel you can switch the DAY/NIGHT switch to NIGHT for dimming. The 5 round turn knobs on the panel now can be used to set your dimming level.  
 
For lighted instruments switch on the INSTR switch on the side switch panel. On the same panel you can switch the DAY/NIGHT switch to NIGHT for dimming. The 5 round turn knobs on the panel now can be used to set your dimming level.  
The IFD-s have their own dimming switch on the left upper side of the bezel. For taxying use the RECO lights. For landing the LDG light.
+
The IFD-s have their own dimming switch on the left upper side of the bezel. For taxiing use the RECO lights. For landing the LDG light.
 
[[File:Extra500 final approach.png|thumb|right|800px|Final approach on 25L of EDDF, B707 outside going for 25R]]
 
[[File:Extra500 final approach.png|thumb|right|800px|Final approach on 25L of EDDF, B707 outside going for 25R]]
 
<br />
 
<br />
  
 
 
[[Category:Business aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Civil utility aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Extra]]
 
 
[[Category:Aircraft documentation]]
 
[[Category:Aircraft documentation]]
[[Category:High wing aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Propeller aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Single-engine aircraft]]
 
  
 
[[de:Extra EA-500]]
 
[[de:Extra EA-500]]
 +
[[ru:Extra EA-500]]

Latest revision as of 04:21, 1 November 2019

Extra EA 400-500
FGAddon
Extra 500 flying in clouds
Extra 500 flying in clouds
Type Civil aircraft, Business aircraft, Civil utility aircraft
Configuration High wing aircraft
Propulsion Turboprop aircraft, Single-engine aircraft
Manufacturer Extra
Author(s)
  • Dirk Dittmann (D-LEON)
  • Eric van den Berg (D-EKEW)
  • Thomas Grossberger (D-STHO)
FDM JSBSim
--aircraft= extra500
Status Production
 FDM Stars-4.png
 Systems Stars-5.png
 Cockpit Stars-4.png
 Model Stars-4.png
Supports Canvas Checklists
Development
 Website The website for the Extra EA 400-500 developments.
 Repository The development repository of the Extra EA 400-500.
Download Download the Extra EA 400-500 aircraft package for the current stable release (2018.3).
License GPLv2+
The real Extra 500

The Extra500 is a six-seat single-engined turboprop aircraft produced by the Extra Aircraft company (based at EDLD).

Status

Flightgear 2019.1.1 and later
Current stable release is 5.2.0 (01.11.2019) and can be downloaded here and can be found at the FGAddon repository.
Flightgear 2018.3.1 and later
Current stable release is 5.1.0 (07.09.2018) and can be downloaded here and can be found at the FGAddon repository.
Flightgear 2018.1.1 and later
Current stable release is 5.0.0 (04.02.2018) and can be downloaded here and can be found at the FGAddon repository.
Flightgear 2017.3.1 and later
Current stable release is 4.4.0 (13.08.2017) and can be downloaded here and can be found at the FGAddon repository.
Flightgear 3.6 (only)
Current stable release is 3.2.0 (20.03.2016) and can be downloaded here.
Flightgear 3.4 and later
Current stable release is 2.2.0 (17.07.2015) and and can be found on GitLab. The first stable release (2.0.0) for FG 3.4 can be found on the flightgear 3.4 download page
Flightgear 3.2 and earlier
The last stable release is 1.2.0 and can be found on GitLab.

Alternatively: Download

For the (latest) stable release make sure you are on the FG/2018.3 branch!

Since March 2013 D-EKEW, D-LEON, D-STHO are working on this model. They are making use of original data from the Pilot's Operation Handbook. People who have experienced the aircraft in real life help calibrating the FDM as well as tuning the systems behavior.

About the airplane

Extra EA-Series

The Extra Aircraft company designed several aerobatic aircraft based on the early experimental EA-230 and EA-260, followed by the FAR-23 certified EA-300 series (EA-300, EA-300/S, EA-300/L, EA-300/200, EA-300/LT, EA-330/LC, EA-330/SC). The company introduced the Extra EA-400 in 2001. This is a cross-country airplane with many exclusive features including carbon fiber construction, pressurized cabin, high strut-less wing, and a seating for six. The EA 400-500 was introduced as a derivative of the EA-400 replacing the piston engine with a Rolls-Royce Model 250-B17F/2 turboprop producing 450 horsepower (340 kW) and driving a MT-propeller 5 bladed propeller. Walter Extra flew the first Extra500 from Germany to Oshkosh, Wisconsin to illustrate its range and capabilities. The most recent changes to the aircraft come from Avidyne with their latest glass avionics: Avidyne Entegra R9.

Extra500 flying in the clouds (2)

General characteristics

General
Min. Crew 1
Capacity 5 PAX or 525 kg payload
Length 10.1 m
Span 11.7 m
Height 3.4 m
Empty weight 1,420 kg
Max takeoff weight 2,130 kg
Powerplant
Engine type Turboprop
Engine Rolls-Royce Model 250-B17F/2
Performance
Cruise speed 210 kts
Stall speed (MTOW, Full flaps) 61 kts
Max. Range 2,963 km
Endurance 7.9 hours at cruise speed
Ceiling 25,000 ft
Climb rate (S.L.) 1,335 ft/min

Download

Download the current stable versions for your Flightgear version:

Extra500 for Flightgear version 2019.1

Extra500 for Flightgear version 2018.3

Extra500 for Flightgear version 2018.1

Extra500 for Flightgear version 2017.3

Extra500 for Flightgear version 2017.1 and later

Extra500 for Flightgear version 2016.3 and later

Extra500 for Flightgear version 2016.1 and later

Extra500 for Flightgear version 3.6.0

Extra500 for Flightgear version 3.4.0

Extra500 for Flightgear version 3.2.0

We recommend Flightgear version 3.1 or later, to benefit from the performance improvements in the canvas system.

Development takes place on GitLab: https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500.

The latest stable release is also available on the the Flightgear SVN aircraft repository:

svn co https://svn.code.sf.net/p/flightgear/fgaddon/trunk/Aircraft/extra500

And of course the Flightgear aircraft download page has the stable release of the point where the latest Flightgear version was released.

Stable releases are available for Flightgear versions 3.2.0, 3.4.0, 3.6.0, 2016.1 (use for 2016.2 as well), 2016.3 (use for 2016.4 as well), 2017.1 (use for 2017.2 as well), 2017.3, 2018.1, 2018.3 and 2019.1. You can get them using GIT:

git clone https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500.git
cd extra500
git checkout FG/VERSION

With VERSION = 3.2.0, 3.4.0, 3.6.0, 2016.1, 2016.3, 2017.1, 2017.3, 2018.1, 2018.3, 2019.1

The current development takes place in the next branch

git clone https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500.git
cd extra500
git checkout next

Other Extra500 wiki pages

Comfortable pitch control for mouse and joystick
Smooth weather system
Am I going to get there?
Icing is not your friend
Howto operate your avionics system
For Autopilot know it all
Make sure you tread your engine well
Breaking things
What is this button for???
The Extra 500 menu

Operation

For full operation instructions, see the official Extra500 POH. It can be downloaded from the manufacturers homepage: [1], right at the bottom.

Below is just a quick start and some selected topics. See here for the panel reference page.

WARNING: Below reflects the current development version (next). If you are using the stable version, some functionality may not be available!

General Remarks

All switches are thrown by rotating the mouse wheel in the appropriate direction. Push buttons are pressed by clicking with the LH Mouse button. Rotary knobs are turned by the mouse wheel as well. Hold Shift for small steps.

The IFD buttons on the left, right and lower bezel are always double buttons. Meaning they always have a left and right side. The lower buttons (PFD - FMS - MAP - SYS - CHKL) navigate between the main pages. Once on the selected page the same button will let you navigate through the tabs. The side knobs do not always have a function, but if they have, they are lighted and the function is shown next to them.

There are a few special Extra500 shortcuts:

Key Function
Ctrl+e Connect / disconnect External power cart
Ctrl+f Toggle pitch control modes (direct and force)
Ctrl+g Put the aircraft on Jacks (for testing the gear on the ground)
w Gear Warn Mute (you'll need it, alternatively press the switch on the throttle lever)
r Put the propeller in reverse (beta range)
s Condition lever fuel on/cut-off (alternatively click on the condition lever)
d Autopilot disconnect (alternatively click on the red button on the yoke)
c Engage Control Wheel Steering (CWS, see below)
o Over power autopilot servos. Need to keep o pressed and be very careful!
< Toggle quick view
> Define quick view: define your view you are using often and press >

Checklist dialog

Check List Dialog

The checklists going along with the manufacturers POH. The Extra500 provide a dialog to read, view and perform the necessary task for each flight phase. Checklists can performed manually and automated just let the dialog do the work.

  1. Show/hide the checklist.
  2. Show/hide the config options.
  3. Minimize the dialog. For automated in flight usage.
  4. Close the dialog and its action.
  5. Allow the dialog to move the view to the action.
  6. The dialog will show a pink circle at the action.
  7. Write message on screen, nice for text to speech(festival).
  8. Make the dialog transparent.
  9. Faster work through the automated checklist.
  10. Pick a required checklist and load it.
  11. Plays and stops the checklist. All actions will be done in an automated sequence.
  12. Moves the view to the action and shows the pink circle.
  13. Perform the action.
  14. Sub-page navigation of the checklist
  15. Next checklist for the next flight phase.


Messages

There are several types of messages that may appear on your screen:

  1. Failure (red): a failure has occurred
  2. Warnings (red): an aircraft limit has been exceeded, immediate action required
  3. Cautions (yellow): a limit has been exceeded, action needed within 5 minutes
  4. Info (blue): some general information on why something does not work or some other peculiarity
  5. Trim: shows if the pilot (you) needs to pull or push the yoke. You will need to use the elevator trim (mouse wheel) accordingly.

All these messages are on by default, but can be switched off in the Extra500 - Configuration menu.

The messages by far do not cover all situations, but are there to help the pilot learn the most basic behavior/limits. Typically there is no special message when it already is in the aircraft warning panel.

Flight Planning

By clicking on 'Equipment - Fuel and Payload' (on the ground) you can access a comprehensive flight planning tool.
There are four tabs, of which the 2 upper ones deal with loading the aircraft. It won't be a surprise that they are called 'Fuel' and 'Payload'. By clicking and dragging you can add passengers, baggage, dogs and fuel on the individual seats or tanks respectively. Of course while loading you must adhere to the aircraft weight and center of gravity limits. This is graphically displayed in the lower tab 'weight'. The other lower tab is a Trip Calculator. You can input your trip distance, cruise altitude, airport altitude and alternate distance to calculate your required fuel load. These values may be imported from your flight plan ('Autopilot - Route Manager') with a single click. You can also put the exact calculated fuel into your tanks by clicking on the 'Order Fuel' button.

Engine starting

See also the engine operation page

Extra500 side switch panel
  • Parking Brake: Set ( Shift+b or pull out middle Bowden cable in middle console AND press b )
  • Battery: Switch ON
  • Fuel Pump 1 or 2: Switch ON
  • Engine Start: START
  • at 12-15% N1: Press s ( or click on condition lever, its the red one )

CAUTION: TOT limit for starting is max. 10sec above 810 °C and below 927 °C

If the engine does not light-off:

  • Engine Motoring: ABORT and back to NORMAL
  • Condition Lever: Press s Fuel off

Wait until N1 drops below 3% and TOT below 100 °C, then start again.

After engine has started:

  • Standby alternator: Switch ON
  • Generator: Switch ON
  • Engine start: IGN OFF (only if N1 >= 65%)

Take-off

  • Flaps: 15 degrees ( ] or use the flap switch )
  • Power lever: TRQ 111%

CAUTION: for Take-off (5 minutes) maximum TRQ limit is 111%, TOT 810degC

  • Parking Brake: Release ( Shift+b or push in middle Bowden cable in middle console )

NOTE: For strong side wind, turn the ailerons against the wind

  • At 71KIAS: Rotate
  • Gear: Retract ( g or click the gear switch )
  • Flaps: 0 degrees ( [ or use the flap switch )

CAUTION: Flaps need to be retracted before reaching 120KIAS, gear 140KIAS

  • Power lever: TRQ 92%

CAUTION: For continuous operation the TRQ limit is 92%, TOT 752degC, watch the TOT while climbing!


Climb

Climb with MCP (maximum continuous Power, 92%TRQ or 752degC) at 110 KIAS.


Descent

Descent with 50% TRQ and 2000ft/min. Max airspeed is 207 KIAS.


Landing

Do not come in too high, too fast.

  • At 140 KIAS, gear: Extend ( Shift+g or click the gear switch )
  • At 120 KIAS, flaps: 15 degrees ( ] or use the flap switch )
  • When you are sure you will land and below 109 KIAS, flaps: 30 degrees ( ] or use the flap switch )
  • Power for a 3deg descent, 80KIAS and landing configuration is ~30% TRQ
  • Dont forget to brake. For reverse press r, will only toggle when power lever is in aft position!


Engine shut-off

  • Parking Brake: Set ( Shift+b or pull out middle Bowden cable in middle console AND press b )
  • Fuel Pump 1 and 2: Switch OFF
  • Standby alternator: Switch OFF
  • Generator: Switch OFF
  • Press s ( or click on condition lever )
  • Battery: Switch OFF


Principle Autopilot functionality

  • HDG Follows the heading bug (set HDG bug using the keypad, press to sync)
  • NAV Intercepts and tracks VORs, LOCs or your Flight Plan (set course with LH lower rotary knob on IFD)
  • NAV/GPSS Intercepts and tracks your Flight Plan and cuts the corners ( press NAV twice)
  • HDG+NAV Intercept the course or active flightplan leg with your set heading
  • NAV+REV Intercepts and tracks the LOC back course
  • GS Is armed and activated automatically when captured on the LOC. You can switch it off by pressing APR, ALT mode will become active. To arm the GS again, press APR for a second time
  • VS Follows the VS bug (limited to +/-1600fpm, set with AP rotary knob)
  • ALT Holds the current altitude (rounded to 100ft)
  • ALT+VS Brings and holds the aircraft to the selected altitude (set ALT bug using the keypad, press to sync) with the selected vertical speed.
  • CWS Control Wheel Steering. Follows the turn rate and vertical speed set by controlling the aircraft.


To disconnect press: d

General remarks to autopilot operation:

A roll mode (HDG, NAV/GPSS, APR/REV) must be engaged for a pitch mode (ALT, VS, GS) can engage.

A roll mode (HDG, NAV/GPSS, APR/REV) must be engaged for the yaw trim to work

If pitch trim is switched off, autotrim is not available, but the AP will indicate where to (manually) trim to.

For CWS, a roll and pitch mode must be engaged. Press and Hold c (caution: AP servos will disengage!) and with your controls bring the aircraft at your wished turn and climb rate. Release c and the AP will engage and keep those rates.

You can overpower the servos by keeping o pressed and use the normal controls. When o is released the autopilot will resume its work. Be very careful and make only small movements.

The AP will disengage when:

  • the disconnect switch is pressed (d)
  • the stall warner is on (stall warn horn and light)
  • absolute g-force (disregarding 1-g gravity) exceeds 0.6g
  • manual electric pitch trim is used.

Navigation and Communication

Extra500 audiopanel: Com1, Nav1 and Marker selected

The COM unit (1 or 2 ) is selected on the audiopanel. Just hit the appropriate "XMT" button. Note that FGCOM only works on COM1! If you want to hear the NAV station morse code or the marker tones, press the appropriate button on the audiopanel also. The volume can be adjusted using the inner volume knob.

The active COM standby frequency can be inputted on the keypad. The first "1" is not needed and any trailing "0" neither. Just type in the frequency and switch active/standby with the button just left of the frequencies.

Not-active-COM and NAV standby frequencies are similar, just press the NAV1 / NAV2 button first.

FMS, Nav 1 or Nav 2 may be selected on the IFD or in the NAV dialog (F12) The DME source can be set using the AUX button on the keypad. Select with the FMS knob. The DME hold switch next to the DME indicator overrides all NAV frequency switching and holds the frequency to which the DME was tuned when the HOLD button is pressed.

The FMS (Flight Management System) can be used with or without the autopilot. You can put your flightplan in the autopilot - route manager (don't forget to press activate). The autopilot will intercept the active leg.

While flying a flightplan (FMS is the Nav source and NAV is selected on the autopilot), you can do some special stuff without touching the autopilot:

  1. Vectors mode: Press V with arrow or "Fly Vectors" knob on IFD to follow the heading bug while still in nav mode. Deselecting will return normal FMS functionality. Handy for making a brief excursion from the flightplan for weather or ATC.
  2. Direct-To mode: In the route manager select the waypoint and on the keypad press the D with arrow button.
  3. Close to the waypoint direct-to mode will be de-selected automatically or you can do that manually by pressing the same button again.
  4. FMS-OBS: Rotate the LH lower knob on the IFD. Press to cancel. Very similar to VOR functionality, except it will work on all waypoints of your flightplan. Very handy for making an approach on an airport without ILS.

If your flightplan has a VOR or ILS, the FMS will automatically tune NAV1 to the respective frequency and set the radial accordingly. So there is no need to look up any NAV frequency anymore! In addition when you line up with the selected runway, The NAV source will automatically change to NAV1, thus the ILS interception will be fully automatic. You do need to be lined up to the runway pretty accurately: the Flightgear "DEFAULT" approaches are ideal for this! For this kind of approach it is recommended that you slow down, get the gear out and set the flaps to 15deg before the GS is intercepted. Depending on the aircraft weight and wind conditions set 20-30% TRQ when on the GS to match 80 KIAS.

XPDR squawk can be set on the keypad (press XPDR and squawk code) and in the NAV dialog (F12). Default is 7000 (Europe VFR). XPDR modes are selected automatically (GND or ALT), but automatic selection may be switched off Manual mode selection is then possible. The MODE button on the keypad will set the mode manually also.

Pressurization system

Extra500 pressurization control

The extra500 is certified to 25000ft, where the air is pretty thin. So there is pressurization system that keeps the cabin altitude below 8000ft which corresponds to a cabin differential pressure of 5.5psid at 25000ft. So if you are planning to fly above 10000ft, you need to make sure that the ENV AIR and PRESS switches (left lower corner) on the side switch panel are on. In addition, before take-off you should set the cabin controller (center console) to the airport altitude and just after take-off to your target altitude. Before descending from cruise, set the controller to your target airport altitude. You can monitor the cabin altitude, differential pressure and cabin climb rate on the instruments next to the controller.

Above a cabin altitude of 8000ft, it can end up in a abnormal low level of oxygen in your blood. If this happen you will feel a blackout and it's necessary to bring immediate the cabin altitude below 8000ft by descend or pressurize the cabin.

Night Flying

For lighted instruments switch on the INSTR switch on the side switch panel. On the same panel you can switch the DAY/NIGHT switch to NIGHT for dimming. The 5 round turn knobs on the panel now can be used to set your dimming level. The IFD-s have their own dimming switch on the left upper side of the bezel. For taxiing use the RECO lights. For landing the LDG light.

Final approach on 25L of EDDF, B707 outside going for 25R


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