Eurocopter EC130 B4

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Eurocopter EC130 B4
EC130.jpg
Type Civilian helicopter
Author(s)
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
  • /Heiko Schulz
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations)
    FlightGear Community
FDM YASim
--aircraft= ec130
Status Production
 FDM Stars-4.png
 Systems Stars-4.png
 Cockpit Stars-4.png
 Model Stars-5.png
Development
 Repository The development repository of the Eurocopter EC130 B4.
Download Download the Eurocopter EC130 B4 aircraft package for the current stable release (2020.1).

This is a model of a Eurocopter EC130 B4, a single engine light helicopter based and developed from the AS350's.

Indeed “EC130 B4” is just a marketing name by Eurocopter, the real name is still AS350 B4. It is a widebody variant of the AS350 B3 with a completely new designed passenger cabin and fuselage, and equipped with a fan tail (fenestron) instead of the conventional two-blade tailrotor. With this the EC130 B4 is much less noisier than other helicopters of this class.

The helicopter was designed especially for tours, so it features a great visibility, a left-seated pilot and plenty of space inside. The EC130 B4 is also used by the police in Long Beach/CA and by several medical services.

The model was built using very detailed drawings, the Pilots Flight Manual and pilot reports.

Tutorialready.png Checklistready.png (Checklists new in Git version)

Features

This model is a try and a WIP to get a realistic and complete simulation of a helicopter.

By using Nasal-scripting nearly all main systems have been simulated to a degree which wasn't available at this time on FlightGear's helicopters. The flight dynamics model is custom made and though a lot of values could only be estimated, it should give an good impression on how the real one flies. Systems and Procedures are based on the real Flight Manual and as there is no Autostart available the helicopter has to be started and shutdown by using the checklist.

The exterior model is detailed and accurate, using high-resolution textures and the latest Reflect-Bump-Spec-Shader.

The mainrotor is detailed and animated including blade-flex-bend.

Livery-over-mp including dynamic configurable external stores like skibox, deployable emergency floats, FLIR's etc. which affects CoG, weight and drag.

The "new" EMS variant of EC130-B4, as used by MedFlight, Ohio, USA

Goals

  • Fully usable cockpit with controls
  • Complete startup procedure
  • system failures and engine fire

Issues

see latest version in the hangar at gitorious

  • interior with controls not yet ready (available in git version)
  • three instruments (compass, usable transponder and GNS 430) have not yet been added
  • bad autorotation behavior at high speed above 110 ktn
  • only default sound yet - sound still dependent on EC135 (available in git version)
  • Rotor Brake Lever doesn't move anymore in FGFS 2.9.11+. Switch to sliding animation planned. (available in git version)

Pilot Flight Manual

Panel Overview

Panel of the EC130 B4 showing all the instruments

Limitations

Type of Operation: Helicopter is approved to operate Day and Night VFR only.

The following is not allowed:

-Aerobatics maneuvers

-in flight engine power reduction except for engine failure trainings and other emergency procedure trainings

Occupants

Minimum flight crew:..................................................................................1 pilot (left seated)

Maximum number of occupants:...................................................................7- 8 passengers

Weight and Balance Limitations

Minimum weight:.........................................................................................3307lbs (1500kg)

Maximum weight:........................................................................................5350lbs (2427kg)

Airspeed limitations

VNE Power on:...........................................................................................................155 ktn

VNE Power off:...........................................................................................................125 ktn

Altitude Limitations

Maximum operating flight altitude:...............................................................23000ft (7000m)

Main rotor Limits

<170 rpm:............................................................................................ rotor brake operation

320 rpm.....................................................................................minimum rotor rpm power off

320- 375 rpm..................................................................................................Caution Range

375-405 rpm....................................................................................normal Operating Range

405-430 rpm...................................................................................................Caution Range

430 rpm …...............................................................................maximum rotor rpm power off

Low Rotor rpm aural warning < 360 rpm (not yet implemented) (available in Git version)

High Rotor rpm aural warning > 410 rpm (not yet implemented) (available in Git version)

Warning Panel

Still uncompleted and especially failures indicated on the panel keeps mostly without any follow-up. Here some important warnings:


ENG P lights up: low Oil pressure - check gauge


TWT GRIP lights up: twist grip not in flight position- engine idles. Drag mouse up until you get 100% and the light goes off (currently not yet supported on Mac...) New: in Git version Twist Grip on collective is animated


MGB P lights up: Main gear box oil pressure- check gauge - land as soon as possible


FUEL lights up: low fuel - approx. 15min of flight time remain


FUEL P lights up: fuel pressure- switch on Boost pump

Helpful Usage Hints

Git version has comfortable configuration and help dialogs, new checklists based on pilot handbook and after 15 flights Autostart/Autoshutdown possibility

Updates of Git Version (to be released with FG 3.0)

The EMS variant of EC130-B4, used by MedFlight, Ohio, USA
New Livery of Grand Canyon Helicopters
Closeup of EC130 Mainrotor, fully animated in all details
EC130 Helicopter using the SX-16 Nightsun searchlight
Even the pilot window can be opened now

The Eurocopter EC130 B4 helicopter is on short final for a new major upgrade. The existing model, which already had been of very high quality, has been refined in various aspects with lots of effort by mhab. The outside model has been enriched to a degree which should justify a 5* rating and the overall status of the aircraft improves to "production".

The Rotorhead has been brought to a new level of detail, a full detailed Fenestron was added and animations were introduced to all moving parts.

Cockpit was enriched for Pilot/Copilot controls, seats are textured now and a variable cabin configuration allows to set up an Emergency Medical Services (EMS) variant, which comes preconfigured with a new Livery of N130NE MedFlight (Ohio).

Fans of Grand Canyon Helicopters now find a livery of the N155GC and the colorful painting in red/gold.

A lot of equipment (most of which was there already but hidden) can now be used, including a full blown SX16-Nightsun searchlight.

All of this has been brought together in a fully integrated configuration dialog which allows to set-up livery, fuel, extra views, weights, cabin setup and equipment.

Extra gimmics include a fully animated pilot, glass reflection on windows and front shield and variable rotor wakes depending on the strength of the downwash.

If you can't wait for the next release check it out from the Git-Hangar

Some of the most interesting changes:

  • Mainrotor fully animated and adapted to original
  • Fenestron fully designed and animated, incl. control rod
  • Cockpit Controls added: Stick, Collective, Pedals, Co-Pilot Controls (optional)
  • Doors movable
  • Searchlight
  • Snowshoes
  • Hoist/Hook
  • Checklists implemented with conditional display
  • Pilot: fully animated
  • Autostart/Autoshutdown enabled after 15 flights
  • Rotor-Wakes off-low-medium-high cyclable
  • Sound improved (doors moving, low/high rotor rpm, overspeed warning, and noise inside depends on open doors/window)


Configuration Dialogs and Help Screens:

Things on stack for FG 3.0:

  • FDM correction- unfortunately important fdm-values had been changed with bad influence on flight behavior. (airfoil, fuselage drag, skid position, CoG...)
  • Rembrandt support- re-enable shaders and bring back light volumes
  • adjust strength of the light reflection effect (like do328)
  • realistic caution sounds according to POH
  • BUG fixing