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Difference between revisions of "Eurocopter EC130 B4"

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(New layout description warning panel- more to come)
Line 120: Line 120:
 
=== Warning Panel ===
 
=== Warning Panel ===
 
Still uncompleted and especially failures indicated on the panel keeps mostly without any follow-up.  
 
Still uncompleted and especially failures indicated on the panel keeps mostly without any follow-up.  
Here some important warnings:  
+
 
* '''ENG P''' lights up: low Oil pressure - check gauge
+
{| class="wikitable" cellpadding="2"  style="margin-left:auto; margin-right:auto"
* '''TWT GRIP''' lights up: twist grip not in flight position- engine idles. Drag mouse up until you get 100% and the light goes off
+
|-
(currently not yet supported on Mac...) New: in Git version Twist Grip on collective is animated
+
!colspan=2| ENG P lights up
* '''MGB P''' lights up: Main gear box oil pressure- check gauge - land as soon as possible
+
|-
* '''FUEL''' lights up: low fuel - approx. 15min of flight time remain
+
|'''Indication'''
* '''FUEL P''' lights up: fuel pressure- switch on Boost pump
+
|low oil pressure
 +
|-
 +
|'''Procedure'''
 +
|check gauge and land as soon as possible
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=2| TWT Grip lights up
 +
|-
 +
|'''Indication'''
 +
|twist grip not in flight position - engine idles
 +
|-
 +
|'''Procedure'''
 +
|set twist throttle into flight position
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=2| MGB P lights up
 +
|-
 +
|'''Indication'''
 +
|Main gear box oil pressure
 +
|-
 +
|'''Procedure'''
 +
|check gauge and land as soon as possible
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=2| FUEL lights up
 +
|-
 +
|'''Indication'''
 +
|low fuel
 +
|-
 +
|'''Procedure'''
 +
|approx. 15min of flight time remain
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=2| FUEL P lights up
 +
|-
 +
|'''Indication'''
 +
|low fuel pressure
 +
|-
 +
|'''Procedure'''
 +
|switch on Boost pump
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
 
== Updates as of FG 3.0 Version ==
 
== Updates as of FG 3.0 Version ==

Revision as of 08:16, 2 March 2014

Eurocopter EC130 B4
EC130.jpg
Type Civilian helicopter
Author(s)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
  • /Heiko Schulz (Basic 3d-model, FDM, Nasal Scripts)
    Melchior Franz (Nasal)
    Michael Habarta (Model details, Animations, Liveries, Configuration Menu, Debugging)
    FlightGear Community (help and support)
FDM YASim
--aircraft= ec130
Status Production
 FDM Stars-4.png
 Systems Stars-4.png
 Cockpit Stars-4.png
 Model Stars-5.png
Development
 Repository The development repository of the Eurocopter EC130 B4.
Download Download the Eurocopter EC130 B4 aircraft package for the current stable release (2019.1).

This is a model of a Eurocopter EC130 B4, a single engine light helicopter based and developed from the AS350's.

The Real Thing

Indeed “EC130 B4” is just a marketing name by Eurocopter, now known as Airbus Helicopters, the real name is still AS350 B4. It is a widebody variant of the AS350 B3 with a completely new designed passenger cabin and fuselage and rotor and hydraulics system from the AS355. It is also equipped with a fan tail (fenestron) instead of the conventional two-blade tailrotor. With this the EC130 B4 is much less noisier than other helicopters of this class.

The helicopter was designed especially for tours, so it features a great visibility, a left-seated pilot and plenty of space inside. The EC130 B4 is also used by the police in Long Beach/CA and by several medical services.

The EC130 B4 has been built until 2013. Now it is replaced by the improved EC130 T2, with a new and more powerfull Turbomeca Arriel 2D engine and a 70% modified airframe. The exterior, cockpit and interior has been also modified.[1]

  1. EC130 T2. Published by www.airbushelicopters.com.


The FlightGear Model

The model of the EC130 B4 was built using very detailed drawings, the Pilots Flight Manual and pilot reports.

Rembrandtready.png Tutorialready.png Checklistready.png

Features

This model is a try and a WIP to get a realistic and complete simulation of a helicopter.

By using Nasal-scripting nearly all main systems have been simulated to a degree which wasn't available at this time on FlightGear's helicopters. The flight dynamics model is custom made and though a lot of values could only be estimated, it should give an good impression on how the real one flies. Systems and Procedures are based on the real Flight Manual so the helicopter can be started and shutdown by using the checklist.

The exterior model is detailed and accurate and originally based on accurate drawings, using high-resolution textures and the latest Reflect-Bump-Spec-Shader.

The mainrotor is detailed and animated including blade-flex-bend.

Livery-over-mp including dynamic configurable external stores like skibox, deployable emergency floats, FLIR's etc. which affects CoG, weight and drag.

The "new" EMS variant of EC130-B4, as used by MedFlight, Ohio, USA

Goals

  • Fully usable cockpit with controls
  • Complete startup procedure
  • system failures and engine fire

Issues

See latest version in the hangar at gitorious

  • GTX328 and GNS430 only dummies
  • bad autorotation behavior?? at high speed above 110 ktn
  • Nasal error with Mouse handling of Twist Grip, but works
  • Nasal error after crash
  • GSDI (is not switched if only livery is changed) (FG 3.0 only, fixed in development version)
  • Texture of N130NE (Medflight) is too large (4096x2048px), may cause ressource problems if used/switched (Rembrandt) (FG 3.0 only, fixed in development version)

Pilot Flight Manual

Panel Overview

The FlightGear model of the EC130 B4 features the standard panel delivered ex works without any additional customer whishes.

Some caution lights on the panel itself like the one for the Landinglight aren't working yet, and the GTX328 and GNS430 are currently only dummies. Also the ETL on the central panel isn't working yet. Apart from that it is a fully working helicopter cockpit.

Panel of the EC130 B4 showing all the instruments

Limitations

Type of Operation: Helicopter is approved to operate Day and Night VFR only.

The following is not allowed:

  • Aerobatics maneuvers
  • in flight engine power reduction except for engine failure trainings and other emergency procedure trainings

Occupants

Minimum flight crew:..................................................................................1 pilot (left seated)

Maximum number of occupants:...................................................................7- 8 passengers

Weight and Balance Limitations

Minimum weight:.........................................................................................3307lbs (1500kg)

Maximum weight:........................................................................................5350lbs (2427kg)

Airspeed limitations

VNE Power on:...........................................................................................................155 ktn

VNE Power off:...........................................................................................................125 ktn

Altitude Limitations

Maximum operating flight altitude:...............................................................23000ft (7000m)

Main rotor Limits

<170 rpm:............................................................................................ rotor brake operation

320 rpm.....................................................................................minimum rotor rpm power off

320- 375 rpm..................................................................................................Caution Range

375-405 rpm....................................................................................normal Operating Range

405-430 rpm...................................................................................................Caution Range

430 rpm …...............................................................................maximum rotor rpm power off

Low Rotor rpm aural warning < 360 rpm (available in Git version)

High Rotor rpm aural warning > 410 rpm (available in Git version)

Warning Panel

Still uncompleted and especially failures indicated on the panel keeps mostly without any follow-up.

ENG P lights up
Indication low oil pressure
Procedure check gauge and land as soon as possible
TWT Grip lights up
Indication twist grip not in flight position - engine idles
Procedure set twist throttle into flight position
MGB P lights up
Indication Main gear box oil pressure
Procedure check gauge and land as soon as possible
FUEL lights up
Indication low fuel
Procedure approx. 15min of flight time remain
FUEL P lights up
Indication low fuel pressure
Procedure switch on Boost pump

Updates as of FG 3.0 Version

New Livery of Grand Canyon Helicopters
New Livery of Blue Hawaiian Helicopters
The EMS variant of EC130-B4, used by MedFlight, Ohio, USA
New Livery of MAC rescue (South Australia)
New Livery of ZS-HOY Starlite Helicopters (South Africa)
New Livery of beautiful F-GOLH
Closeup of EC130 Mainrotor, fully animated in all details
EC130 Helicopter using the SX-16 Nightsun searchlight

The Eurocopter EC130 B4 helicopter is on short final for a new major upgrade. The existing model, which already had been of very high quality, has been refined in various aspects with lots of effort by mhab. The outside model has been enriched to a degree which should justify a 5* rating and the overall status of the aircraft improves to "production".

The Rotorhead has been brought to a new level of detail, a full detailed Fenestron was added and animations were introduced to all moving parts.

Cockpit was enriched for Pilot/Copilot controls, seats are textured now and a variable cabin configuration allows to set up 5 or 6 seats or an Emergency Medical Services (EMS) variant with 4 seats and a stretcher.

New Liveries:

  • N155GC of Grand Canyon Helicopters, colorful painting in red/gold, 6 seats
  • N11QC of Blue Hawaiian Helicopters, 6 seats
  • N130NE of MedFlight based in Ohio, EMS rescue configuration, 4 seats
  • VH-OSA of MAC rescue based in South Australia, EMS configuration, 4 seats
  • F-GOLH a beautiful new livery of a private french model for those who want to travel in style
  • ZS-HOY of Starlite Helicopters based in South Africa, variation of F-GOLH, 6 seats

A lot of equipment (most of which was there already but hidden) can now be used, including a full blown SX16-Nightsun searchlight.

All of this has been brought together in a fully integrated configuration dialog which allows to set-up livery, fuel, extra views, weights, cabin setup and equipment.

Extra gimmics include a fully animated pilot, glass reflection on windows and front shield and variable rotor wakes depending on the strength of the downwash.

Some of the most interesting changes:

  • Flight Model tremendously improved (CoG and agility much more realistic) (fix by HHS)
  • Mainrotor fully animated and adapted to original
  • Fenestron fully designed and animated, incl. control rod
  • Cockpit Controls added: Stick, Collective, Pedals, Co-Pilot Controls (optional)
  • Compass (magn.) added (HHS)
  • Doors movable
  • Searchlight
  • Snowshoes
  • Hoist/Hook
  • Checklists implemented with conditional display
  • Pilot: fully animated
  • Autostart/Autoshutdown enabled after 15 flights
  • Rotor-Wakes off-low-medium-high cyclable
  • Sound improved (doors moving, low/high rotor rpm, overspeed warning, and noise inside depends on open doors/window)


Configuration Dialogs and Help Screens:

Helpful Usage Hints

As of FG 3.0 there are comfortable configuration and help dialogs, new checklists based on pilot handbook and after 15 flights Autostart/Autoshutdown possibility.


Updates after FG 3.0 release

EC130-B4 of Maverick Helicopters (Grand Canyon) at LOWI
EC130-B4 Broward County Sheriff in flight near Miami

Development continues after FG 3.0 release. If you are interested in the newest features see Git development repository

What's new after FG 3.0

New Liveries:

  • N812MH Maverick Helicopters (Grand Canyon)
  • N156BC Sheriff Broward County Florida