Building FlightGear - Debian
The meaning of this article is to be a short, checklist like, overview of the specific steps to compile FlightGear and components on Debian. For more detailed information please refer to the main article Building FlightGear on Linux.
If you don't want to get your hands dirty, have a look at Scripted Compilation on Linux Debian/Ubuntu.
- 1 Requirements and Preparations
- 2 Build and install
- 3 Trial run and finishing process
- 4 Optional Software
Requirements and Preparations
You need more than just an OpenGL capable graphics card including a proper installed driver supporting direct rendering.
Also a bunch of packages (as well as some of their dependencies) are required to compile FlightGear:
su -c "apt-get install automake bzip2 cmake fluid g++ gcc git make \ subversion tar"
- cmake: At least version 2.6.0-5 required!
- fluid: needed for fgadmin only.
su -c "apt-get install libalut-dev libboost1.42-dev libc6-dev \ libcurl4-openssl-dev libfltk1.1-dev libgl1-mesa-dev freeglut3-dev \ libgtkglext1-dev libopenal-dev libpng12-dev librsvg2-dev libsvn-dev \ libtiff4-dev libxml2-dev"
- libfltk1.1-dev: needed for fgadmin only.
- Add libudev-dev if you need FG's feature
- During installation packages simgear-dev and openscenegraph-dev must not be installed. They can safely be re-installed after compilation.
- If you prefer you might replace libcurl4-openssl-dev by libcurl4-gnutls-dev.
This is a list of all the apt-get commands I had to do while compiling FG, SG, and OSG on a mostly clean Ubuntu 64 system. It is a list of all the libraries you and your computer needs to compile FG, SG, OSG, and PLib. All you have to do is copy the full command, paste it in Terminal, enter your password, and it will download all the packages for you, and install them too. The full command is at the bottom, and I hope someone finds it useful :) sub-dependencies (dependencies of the dependencies) are not included as they are installed automatically by apt-get. If anyone sees something missing, please add it.
git - to get SG and FG
subversion - to get OSG
build-essential - to build (includes GCC, and other build tools)
cmake - OSG Uses this
cmake-curses-gui -- OSG Uses this
libpng-dev - to enable FG to use PNG textures
libfreetype6-dev - fonts
libalut-dev - sound
libboost-dev - makes coding for some developers easier
automake - needed by ./autogen.sh files
autoconf - needed by ./autogen.sh files
libfltk1.1-dev - You will need this if you will be using FGRun
sudo apt-get install git subversion build-essential cmake cmake-curses-gui libpng-dev libfreetype6-dev libjpeg-dev libungif4-dev libtiff-dev libxmu-dev libxi-dev libglut3-dev libalut-dev libboost-dev automake autoconf libfltk1.1-dev
Total size is about 230 MB, depending on what you already have from other applications.
This list might seem a bit short, but the sub-dependencies all add up :) The dependencies will be listed by apt-get when you use the command.
NOTE: On a Linux Mint 9 (Ubuntu 10.04) system this is the command I used:
sudo apt-get install git-core subversion build-essential cmake cmake-curses-gui libpng-dev libfreetype6-dev libjpeg-dev libungif4-dev libtiff-dev libxmu-dev libxi-dev libglut3-dev libalut-dev libboost-dev ''automake autoconf'' libfltk1.1-dev libplib-dev libopenscenegraph-dev
libopenscenegraph-dev You just need to copy that long line into a terminal and you should have all the packages you need to compile Flightgear and Simgear.
Build and install
Because we are going to install versions different to the ones in the repositories, it is recommended to install FlightGear in a place independent of the base system, such as
$HOME/FG-2.8.0. This way also has the advantage of easily managing several FlightGear versions, even with different versions of OpenSceneGraph and/or plib. I suggest to make this directory writeable by the user so there is no need to become root for the
make install commands. We'll use
$prefix as a placeholder for this directory.
Another placeholder will be
$srcdir, it stands for the absolute path to the directory which is supposed to keep the folders of the various source codes. So, in the following instructions, you have to replace these with the local paths or even
export them during the process:
export prefix=$HOME/FG-2.8.0 && mkdir $prefix export srcdir=$HOME/src && mkdir $srcdir
Have in mind that the data is a relatively large download (GIT about 5 GB and 2.8.0 650 MB). So, to save some time, it is a good idea to fetch it while building the sources.
For some basic info on git commands for FlightGear users we have a git for dummies section.
Lenny only! The libopenal-dev package in Lenny is too old for fgcom. For FlightGear it does work but not all features (like doppler) are available, so installing an up to date version is recommended anyway.
cd $srcdir wget http://kcat.strangesoft.net/openal-releases/openal-soft-1.12.854.tar.bz2 tar xjf openal-soft-1.12.854.tar.bz2 cd openal-soft-1.12.854/build cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" .. make install
2.8.0 and GIT: Latest SVN is required.
cd $srcdir svn co https://plib.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/plib/trunk plib cd plib sed s/PLIB_TINY_VERSION\ \ 5/PLIB_TINY_VERSION\ \ 6/ -i src/util/ul.h ./autogen.sh ./configure --prefix=$prefix make install
For 2.8.0 at least version 3.0.1 is recommended. GIT users, especially developers, may want to use the latest release or even bleeding edge code here instead.
2.8.0 and GIT:
cd $srcdir svn co http://www.openscenegraph.org/svn/osg/OpenSceneGraph/tags/OpenSceneGraph-3.0.1 OpenSceneGraph mkdir osg-build && cd osg-build cmake -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE="Release" -DLIB_POSTFIX="" \ -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" $srcdir/OpenSceneGraph make install
2.8.0 and GIT:
cd $srcdir git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/simgear
cd simgear git checkout -b 2.8.0 origin/release/2.8.0
2.8.0 and GIT:
mkdir $srcdir/sg-build && cd $srcdir/sg-build cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" $srcdir/simgear make install
2.8.0 and GIT:
cd $srcdir git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/flightgear
cd flightgear git checkout -b 2.8.0 origin/release/2.8.0
2.8.0 and GIT:
mkdir $srcdir/fg-build && cd $srcdir/fg-build cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" $srcdir/flightgear make install
2.8.0 only: Please have a look at the mirror list for a server close to your location.
cd $prefix wget http://mirrors.ibiblio.org/pub/mirrors/flightgear/ftp/Shared/FlightGear-data-2.8.0.tar.bz2 tar xjf FlightGear-data-2.8.0.tar.bz2
For slow/unstable internet connections it is recommended to download the fgdata.bundle instead of cloning the data.
cd $prefix git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/fgdata data
Trial run and finishing process
When all the builds are done and the data download has finished it is time for a test run:
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$prefix/lib/:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH $prefix/bin/fgfs --fg-root=$prefix/data
Have in mind that
fgfs need to find our self compiled libraries and therefore we have to tell the linker (ld) where to find them. That is what the first line here does. You might want to add this line to your
$HOME/.bashrc to have this as a persistent setting.
To avoid the need to give the path to the
fgfs command in the second line, you might consider to create a symlink to a place that is listed in $PATH:
ln -s $prefix/bin/fgfs $HOME/bin/fgfs
Feel free to add the commands to install other FlightGear related projects.
One more Package has to be installed:
cd $srcdir git clone http://mapserver.flightgear.org/git/atlas cd atlas ./autogen.sh ./configure --prefix=$prefix --with-fgbase=$prefix/data make install cp -R $srcdir/atlas/src/data/* $prefix/data/Atlas
cd $srcdir svn co https://appfgcom.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/fgcom/trunk fgcom cd fgcom/src make INSTALL_BIN=$prefix/bin INSTALL_DIR=$prefix/fgcom \ PLIB_PREFIX=$prefix [OPENAL_PREFIX=$prefix] install
Create an .alsoftrc file as shown in FGCOM Testing.
To build fgrun one more package is required:
cd $srcdir wget --trust-server-names http://sourceforge.net/projects/fgrun/files/fgrun/1.6.2/fgrun-1.6.2.tar.bz2/download tar xf fgrun-1.6.2.tar.bz2 mkdir $srcdir/fgrun-build && cd $srcdir/fgrun-build LANG=; cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" $srcdir/fgrun-1.6.2 make install
cd $srcdir git clone http://mapserver.flightgear.org/git/fgrun mkdir $srcdir/fgrun-build && cd $srcdir/fgrun-build LANG=; cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" $srcdir/fgrun make install
2.8.0 and GIT:
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$prefix/lib/:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH $prefix/bin/fgrun
- either libcurl4-gnutls-dev or libcurl4-openssl-dev for curl.h
- wx2.8-headers (at least, maybe even more than just that one. Please report!
su -c "aptitude install [libcurl4-gnutls-dev|libcurl4-openssl-dev]" cd $srcdir git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/taxidraw cd taxidraw ./autogen.sh ./configure --prefix=$prefix make install
If you are familiar with "download_and_compile.sh" script from Brisa you can donwload this script : http://clemaez.fr/flightgear/terragear_download_and_compile.sh This script is similar to Brisa script (only usable for Debian/Ubuntu/Mint...). Thi script install terragear-cs, genapt850 en terragear-gui.
How to use it? sh terragear_download_and_compile.sh -j 2 ALL
-j 2 option is for Dual Core, you can tune it as you want. (personnaly I have Quad Core and I use -j 12 but I need to accept to don't use my aircraft during compilation ;) )
Need some help? Look at forum topics : http://www.flightgear.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=20&t=14849
To resolve some of the dependencies of TerraGear the GIT sections of steps plib, OpenSceneGraph and SimGear have to be done first. Additionally some packages and their dependencies have to be installed:
- libgdal1-dev, gdal-bin
- libproj-dev, libogdi3.2-dev (probably even more, please report!)
Wheezy: As of June 2nd there is a bug (#617240) in package libmysqlclient16 which causes compilation to fail. If it is not fixed by the time you're building TerraGear, upgrade to the version from Sid.
cd $srcdir git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/terragear-cs
# gpc install mkdir $srcdir/gpc232 && cd $srcdir/gpc232 wget ftp://ftp.cs.man.ac.uk/pub/toby/gpc/gpc232-release.zip unzip gpc232-release.zip sed s/DBL_EPSILON/0.000001/ -i gpc.h grep -A 18 '# Unix/Linux makefile' $srcdir/terragear-cs/README.gpc > Makefile sed "s|/usr/local/lib|$prefix/lib|" -i Makefile sed "s|/usr/local/include|$prefix/include|" -i Makefile make install # newmat install mkdir $srcdir/newmat11 && cd $srcdir/newmat11 wget http://www.robertnz.net/ftp/newmat11.tar.gz tar xzfv newmat11.tar.gz make -f nm_gnu.mak cp libnewmat.a $prefix/lib mkdir $prefix/include/newmat cp *.h $prefix/include/newmat
Finally TerraGear itself (See README for details.):
cd $srcdir/terragear-cs ./autogen.sh ./configure --prefix=$prefix sed s/-O2// -i src/Lib/TriangleJRS/Makefile make install
Because this is the same for all Linux distributions the instructions are not listed here separately. Please refer to our lead WED article.