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Difference between revisions of "Building FlightGear - Debian"

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HowTo build [[FlightGear]] <u>[[Changelog_2.12|2.12]]</u> or bleeding edge development version, hereinafter simply called <u>[[GIT]]</u>, on GNU/Linux [http://www.debian.org/ Debian] Oldstable/<u>Squeeze</u>. Users of Stable/<u>Wheezy</u>, Testing or Unstable at least have to change package names (version numbering) accordingly.
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#REDIRECT[[Building_FlightGear_-_Devuan]]
 
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The meaning of this article is to be a short, '''checklist''' like, overview of the specific steps to compile FlightGear and components on Debian. For more detailed information please refer to the main article [[Building_FlightGear_-_Linux | Building FlightGear on Linux]].
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If you don't want to get your hands dirty, have a look at [[Scripted Compilation on Linux Debian/Ubuntu]].
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[[File:Zeichen_144_icon.png|21px]] For beginners with compiling it is highly recommended to follow this guide step by step. Any modification to most of the here used commands may cause trouble.
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== Requirements and Preparations ==
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A bunch of packages (as well as some of their dependencies) are required to compile FlightGear:
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; Tools
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su -c "apt-get install automake cmake g++ gcc git make sed subversion"
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: Additionally install "fluid" if you intend to use [[FlightGear_Admin_Wizard|fgadmin]].
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; Dependencies
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Command for <u>Squeeze</u>, users of other releases are advised to check package versions:
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su -c "apt-get install  \
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  freeglut3-dev  libboost-dev  libcurl4-openssl-dev  libgtkglext1-dev \
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  libjpeg62-dev  libopenal-dev  librsvg2-dev          libsvn-dev \
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  libxml2-dev    libxrandr-dev"
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: If you prefer you might replace "libcurl4-openssl-dev" by "libcurl4-gnutls-dev".
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: If "libjpeg62-dev" breaks package dependencies, just install one of the other versions' -dev.
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: Add "libudev-dev" if you need FG's feature <code>-D EVENT_INPUT=ON</code>.
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: [[File:Zeichen_144_icon.png|21px]] During installation development packages of libraries which are going to be compiled ''must not'' be installed. They can safely be re-installed after compilation. Namely here these might be "libplib-dev", "libfltk1.1-dev", "libopenscenegraph-dev" and "simgear-dev".
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<!--
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osg: libxml2-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libgtkglext1-dev libopenal-dev libpng12-dev librsvg2-dev libtiff4-dev
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sg: libalut-dev libboost1.42-dev libsvn-dev
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fg: freeglut3-dev (libfltk1.1-dev (für fgadmin) fluid) (libudev-dev)
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-->
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== Build and install ==
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Because we are going to install versions different to the ones in the Debian repositories, it is recommended to install FlightGear in a place independent of the base system, such as <code>/usr/local/FG-2.12</code> or <code>$HOME/FG-2.12</code>. This way also has the advantage of easily managing several FlightGear versions, even with different versions of OpenSceneGraph and/or plib, simply by altering the installation prefix. I suggest to make this directory writeable by the user so there is no need to become root for the <code>make -j2 install</code> commands. We'll use <code>$FG_INSTALL_DIR</code> as a placeholder for this directory. <br />
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Another placeholder will be <code>$FG_SRC_DIR</code>, it stands for the absolute path to the directory which is supposed to keep the folders of the various source codes. So, in the instructions below, you have to replace these with the local paths or even <code>export</code> them (in every terminal you're using them) for the process:
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export FG_INSTALL_DIR=$HOME/FG-2.12 && mkdir $FG_INSTALL_DIR
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export FG_SRC_DIR=$HOME/src && mkdir $FG_SRC_DIR
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Have in mind that the data is a relatively large download (GIT more than 7 GB and growing / 2.12 960 MB). So, to save some time, it is a good idea to [[#FlightGear data|fetch]] it while building the sources. <br />
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For some basic info on git commands for FlightGear users we have a [[Git_for_Laymen#How_do_I_use_the_git_repository_to_update_Flightgear_stuff.3F|git for laymen]] section. <br />
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To have a build with debugging symbols add <code>-D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE="RelWithDebInfo"</code> to SimGear's and FlightGear's cmake options.
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=== libfltk ===
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[http://www.fltk.org/ FLTK] is required for [[fgadmin]], which is content with libfltk-1.1, and fgrun, which minimum is libfltk-1.3. <br />
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<u>Wheezy</u>: Just install package "libfltk1.3-dev" if you're planning to use either of them. <br />
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<u>Squeeze</u>: For fgadmin just install package "libfltk1.1-dev". To compile fgrun, too, build and install FLTK-1.3 instead:
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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wget http://ftp.easysw.com/pub/fltk/1.3.2/fltk-1.3.2-source.tar.gz
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tar xzf fltk-1.3.2-source.tar.gz
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cd fltk-1.3.2
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./configure --enable-shared --prefix=$FG_INSTALL_DIR
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make -j2 install
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=== [[plib]] ===
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<u>2.12</u> and <u>GIT</u>:
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Latest SVN is [http://www.mail-archive.com/flightgear-devel@lists.sourceforge.net/msg20793.html required].
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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svn co https://svn.code.sf.net/p/plib/code/trunk plib.svn
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cd plib
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sed s/PLIB_TINY_VERSION\ \ 5/PLIB_TINY_VERSION\ \ 6/ -i src/util/ul.h
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./autogen.sh
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./configure --prefix=$FG_INSTALL_DIR
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make -j2 install
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=== [[OpenSceneGraph]] ===
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On <u>Wheezy</u> skip that step and install package "libopenscenegraph-dev" instead. <br />
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Last version known to work for 2.12 is OpenSceneGraph 3.1.4. <br />
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<!--
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<u>GIT</u> users, especially developers, may want to use the latest [http://www.openscenegraph.org/index.php/download-section/developer-releases DeveloperRelease] or even bleeding edge code here. <br />
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-->
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<u>2.12</u> and <u>GIT</u>:
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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svn co http://svn.openscenegraph.org/svn/osg/OpenSceneGraph/tags/OpenSceneGraph-3.1.4 OpenSceneGraph-3.1.4.svn
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mkdir build-osg; cd build-osg
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cmake -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE="Release" -DLIB_POSTFIX="" \
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      -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$FG_INSTALL_DIR" $FG_SRC_DIR/OpenSceneGraph-3.1.4.svn
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make -j2 install
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=== [[SimGear]] ===
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<u>2.12</u> and <u>GIT</u>:
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/simgear simgear.git
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<u>2.12</u> only:
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cd simgear.git
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git checkout -b 2.12 origin/release/2.12.0
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<u>2.12</u> and <u>GIT</u>:
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mkdir $FG_SRC_DIR/build-sg; cd $FG_SRC_DIR/build-sg
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cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$FG_INSTALL_DIR" $FG_SRC_DIR/simgear.git
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make -j2 install
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=== FlightGear source ===
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<u>2.12</u> and <u>GIT</u>:
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/flightgear flightgear.git
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<u>2.12</u> only:
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cd flightgear.git
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git checkout -b 2.12 origin/release/2.12.0
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<u>2.12</u> and <u>GIT</u>:
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mkdir $FG_SRC_DIR/build-fg; cd $FG_SRC_DIR/build-fg
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cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$FG_INSTALL_DIR" $FG_SRC_DIR/flightgear.git
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make -j2 install
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=== FlightGear data ===
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<u>2.12</u> only: Please have a look at the [http://www.flightgear.org/download/mirror/ mirror list] for a server close to your location.
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cd $FG_INSTALL_DIR
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wget http://mirrors.ibiblio.org/pub/mirrors/flightgear/ftp/Shared/FlightGear-data-2.12.0.tar.bz2
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tar xjf FlightGear-data-2.12.0.tar.bz2
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<u>GIT</u> only:
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For slow/unstable internet connections it is recommended to download the [[FlightGear_Git:_data_developers#Bundle|fgdata.bundle]] instead of cloning the data.<br />
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cd $FG_INSTALL_DIR
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git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/fgdata data
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== Trial run and finishing process ==
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When all the builds are done and the data download has finished it is time for a test run:
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export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$FG_INSTALL_DIR/lib/:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
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$FG_INSTALL_DIR/bin/fgfs --fg-root=$FG_INSTALL_DIR/data
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: The <code>fgfs</code> binary needs to find our self compiled libraries at runtime and therefore we have to tell the linker (ld) where to find them. That is what the first line here does. You might want to add this line to your <code>$HOME/.bashrc</code> to have this as a persistent setting (may cause problems, if one has installed more than one version of FlightGear!).
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: Have in mind, the <code>$FG_INSTALL_DIR</code> and <code>$FG_SRC_DIR</code> variables are available for this session only. For future use of these lines, replace them by the real paths.
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To avoid the need to give the path to the <code>fgfs</code> command each time, you might consider to create a symlink at a place that is listed in $PATH:
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ln -s $FG_INSTALL_DIR/bin/fgfs $HOME/bin/fgfs
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For the future, if you want to start FlightGear from command line have a look at [[fgfsrc]], if you prefer a graphical user interface continue with [[#fgrun|compiling fgrun]] or check out another [http://wiki.flightgear.org/Category:FlightGear_front_ends launcher].
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== Optional Software ==
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[[File:Zeichen_101_icon.png|21px]] Some of the below instructions possibly are not up to date. Please feel free to revise them.
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Feel free to add the commands to install other FlightGear related projects.
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=== [[Atlas]] ===
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One more Package has to be installed: "libglew1.5-dev"
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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git clone http://mapserver.flightgear.org/git/atlas
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cd atlas
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./autogen.sh
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./configure --prefix=$FG_INSTALL_DIR --with-fgbase=$FG_INSTALL_DIR/data
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make -j2 install
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cp -R $FG_SRC_DIR/atlas/src/data/* $FG_INSTALL_DIR/data/Atlas
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<!--If it does not compile, go back some commits. Before invoking the <code>autogen.sh</code> command do:
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git reset --hard 5a27c351a8c03c7fa47cba0b4af7f4e23e4c31b0-->
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$FG_INSTALL_DIR/bin/Atlas
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=== fgcom ===
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For [[fgcom]] install package "libasound2-dev".
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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<!--git clone http://mapserver.flightgear.org/git/fgcom -->
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svn co https://appfgcom.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/fgcom/trunk fgcom
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cd fgcom/src
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make -j2 install_BIN=$FG_INSTALL_DIR/bin INSTALL_DIR=$FG_INSTALL_DIR/fgcom \
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    PLIB_PREFIX=$FG_INSTALL_DIR [OPENAL_PREFIX=$FG_INSTALL_DIR] install
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Create an .alsoftrc file as shown in [[FGCOM_Testing#Special_for_Linux_.28.alsoftrc.29|FGCOM Testing]].
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=== fgrun ===
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To build [[fgrun]] libfltk1.3 is required, see [[#libfltk|libfltk above]]. <br />
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<u>2.10.0</u> and <u>GIT</u>:
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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git clone git://gitorious.org/fg/fgrun.git
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<u>2.10.0</u> only:
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cd fgrun
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git checkout -b 1.7.0 origin/release/1.7.0
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<u>2.10.0</u> and <u>GIT</u>:
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mkdir $FG_SRC_DIR/build-fgrun; cd $FG_SRC_DIR/build-fgrun
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cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$FG_INSTALL_DIR" $FG_SRC_DIR/fgrun
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make -j2 install
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<u>2.10.0</u> and <u>GIT</u>:
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export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$FG_INSTALL_DIR/lib/:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
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$FG_INSTALL_DIR/bin/fgrun
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=== TaxiDraw ===
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[[File:Zeichen_101_icon.png|21px]] Obsolete for airport creation, use [[WorldEditor]] instead. It is still useful for working on [[Interactive_traffic#Ground_networks|ground networks]]. <br />
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To compile [[Taxidraw|TaxiDraw]] we need to install some more packages:
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* either "libcurl4-gnutls-dev" or "libcurl4-openssl-dev" for curl.h
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* "wx2.8-headers" (at least, maybe even more than just that one. Please [http://wiki.flightgear.org/index.php?title=Talk:Building_FlightGear_-_Debian&action=edit&redlink=1 report]!
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su -c "aptitude install [libcurl4-gnutls-dev|libcurl4-openssl-dev]"
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/taxidraw
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cd taxidraw
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./autogen.sh
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./configure --prefix=$FG_INSTALL_DIR
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make -j2 install
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=== [[TerraGear]] ===
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==== Automatic Installation ====
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[[BuildingTerraGear_in_Ubuntu_910_(32-_or_64-bit)#Automatic Installation|link]]
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If you are familiar with "download_and_compile.sh" script from Brisa you can donwload this script: http://clemaez.fr/flightgear/download_and_compile_tg.sh
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This script is similar to Brisa's one (only usable for Debian/Mint/Ubuntu). This script installs TerraGear (latest version) and terragear-gui.
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; ''How to use it?''
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sh terragear_download_and_compile.sh -j 2 ALL
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; ''Need some help?''
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Look at forum topics : http://forum.flightgear.org/viewtopic.php?f=20&t=14849
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After success installation you can exectute this command line in the terragear/bin directory in order to display every --help for each binary files:
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cd terragear/bin && for i in `ls`; do echo ""; echo "################# "$i" ##############"; ./$i --help; done
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==== Basic Installation ====
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To resolve some of the dependencies of TerraGear the <u>GIT</u> sections of steps [[#plib|plib]], [[#OpenSceneGraph|OpenSceneGraph]] and [[#SimGear|SimGear]] have to be done first. Additionally some packages and their dependencies have to be installed:
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su -c "apt-get install \
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  libgdal-dev libtiff4-dev libboost-signals-dev libboost-system-dev libboost-thread-dev"
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<u>Squeeze</u> users have to compile the CGAL dependency.
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On <u>Wheezy</u> just install package "libcgal-dev" instead.
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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wget https://gforge.inria.fr/frs/download.php/31174/CGAL-4.0.2.tar.bz2
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tar xjf CGAL-4.0.2.tar.bz2
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mkdir $FG_SRC_DIR/build-cgal; cd $FG_SRC_DIR/build-cgal
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cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$FG_INSTALL_DIR" $FG_SRC_DIR/CGAL-4.0.2
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make -j2 install
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<!--
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# gpc install
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mkdir $FG_SRC_DIR/gpc232 && cd $FG_SRC_DIR/gpc232
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wget ftp://ftp.cs.man.ac.uk/pub/toby/gpc/gpc232-release.zip
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unzip gpc232-release.zip
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sed s/DBL_EPSILON/0.000001/ -i gpc.h
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grep -A 18 '# Unix/Linux makefile' $FG_SRC_DIR/terragear-cs/README.gpc > Makefile
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sed "s|/usr/local/lib|$FG_INSTALL_DIR/lib|" -i Makefile
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sed "s|/usr/local/include|$FG_INSTALL_DIR/include|" -i Makefile
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make -j2 install
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# newmat install
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mkdir $FG_SRC_DIR/newmat11 && cd $FG_SRC_DIR/newmat11
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wget http://www.robertnz.net/ftp/newmat11.tar.gz
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tar xzfv newmat11.tar.gz
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make -f nm_gnu.mak
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cp libnewmat.a $FG_INSTALL_DIR/lib
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mkdir $FG_INSTALL_DIR/include/newmat
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cp *.h $FG_INSTALL_DIR/include/newmat
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-->
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Compile TerraGear:
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cd $FG_SRC_DIR
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git clone git://git.gitorious.org/fg/terragear.git
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mkdir $FG_SRC_DIR/build-tg; cd $FG_SRC_DIR/build-tg
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cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$FG_INSTALL_DIR" $FG_SRC_DIR/terragear
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make -j2 install
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=== WorldEditor (WED) ===
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Because this is the same for all Linux distributions the instructions are not listed here separately. Please refer to our [[WorldEditor#Linux|lead WED article]].
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{{Building}}
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[[de:FlightGear bauen - Debian]]
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Latest revision as of 09:45, 28 May 2017