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Difference between revisions of "Building FlightGear - Debian"

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m (added dependency libasound2-dev to fgcom)
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HowTo build [[FlightGear]] [[Changelog_2.8.0|2.8.0]] or bleeding edge development version, hereinafter simply called ''[[GIT]]'', on GNU/Linux [http://www.debian.org/ Debian] '''Stable''' 6.x (Squeeze) and '''Testing''' (Wheezy).
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#REDIRECT[[Building_FlightGear_-_Devuan]]
 
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The meaning of this article is to be a short, '''checklist''' like, overview of the specific steps to compile FlightGear and components on Debian. For more detailed information please refer to the main article [[Building_FlightGear_-_Linux | Building FlightGear on Linux]].
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If you don't want to get your hands dirty, have a look at [[Scripted Compilation on Linux Debian/Ubuntu]].
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== Requirements and Preparations ==
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You need more than just an [[OpenGL]] capable graphics card including a proper installed driver supporting direct rendering.<br />
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Also a bunch of packages (as well as some of their dependencies) are required to compile FlightGear:
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; Tools
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su -c "apt-get install automake bzip2 cmake fluid g++ gcc git make \
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  subversion tar"
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: cmake: At least version 2.6.0-5 required!
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: fluid: needed for [[FlightGear_Admin_Wizard|fgadmin]] only.
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; Libs
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su -c "apt-get install libalut-dev libboost1.42-dev libc6-dev \
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  libcurl4-openssl-dev libfltk1.1-dev libgl1-mesa-dev freeglut3-dev \
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  libgtkglext1-dev libopenal-dev libpng12-dev librsvg2-dev libsvn-dev \
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  libtiff4-dev libxml2-dev"
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: libfltk1.1-dev: needed for fgadmin only.
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: Add libudev-dev if you need FG's feature <code>-DEVENT_INPUT=ON</code>.
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: [[File:Zeichen_144_icon.png|21px]]During installation packages simgear-dev and openscenegraph-dev ''must not'' be installed. They can safely be re-installed after compilation.
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: If you prefer you might replace libcurl4-openssl-dev by libcurl4-gnutls-dev.
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<!--
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osg: libxml2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev/libcurl4-openssl-dev libgtkglext1-dev libopenal-dev libpng12-dev librsvg2-dev libtiff4-dev
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sg: libalut-dev libboost1.42-dev libsvn-dev
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fg: freeglut3-dev (libfltk1.1-dev fluid) (libudev-dev)
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-->
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== Build and install ==
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Because we are going to install versions different to the ones in the repositories, it is recommended to install FlightGear in a place independent of the base system, such as <code>/usr/local/FG-2.8.0</code> or <code>$HOME/FG-2.8.0</code>. This way also has the advantage of easily managing several FlightGear versions, even with different versions of OpenSceneGraph and/or plib. I suggest to make this directory writeable by the user so there is no need to become root for the <code>make install</code> commands. We'll use <code>$prefix</code> as a placeholder for this directory. <br />
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Another placeholder will be <code>$srcdir</code>, it stands for the absolute path to the directory which is supposed to keep the folders of the various source codes. So, in the following instructions, you have to replace these with the local paths or even <code>export</code> them during the process:
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export prefix=$HOME/FG-2.8.0 && mkdir $prefix
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export srcdir=$HOME/src && mkdir $srcdir
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Have in mind that the data is a relatively large download (GIT about 5 GB and 2.8.0 650 MB). So, to save some time, it is a good idea to [[#FlightGear data|fetch]] it while building the sources.
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For some basic info on git commands for FlightGear users we have a [[Git#For dummies|git for dummies]] section.
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=== libopenal ===
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<!-- To be removed in summer 2012 -->
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<u>Lenny only!</u> The libopenal-dev package in Lenny is too old for [[fgcom]]. For FlightGear it does work but not all features (like doppler) are available, so installing an up to date version is recommended anyway.
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cd $srcdir
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wget http://kcat.strangesoft.net/openal-releases/openal-soft-1.12.854.tar.bz2
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tar xjf openal-soft-1.12.854.tar.bz2
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cd openal-soft-1.12.854/build
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cmake  -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" ..
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make install
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=== [[plib]] ===
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<u>2.8.0 and GIT:</u>
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Latest SVN is [http://www.mail-archive.com/flightgear-devel@lists.sourceforge.net/msg20793.html required].
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cd $srcdir
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svn co https://plib.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/plib/trunk plib
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cd plib
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sed s/PLIB_TINY_VERSION\ \ 5/PLIB_TINY_VERSION\ \ 6/ -i src/util/ul.h
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./autogen.sh
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./configure --prefix=$prefix
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make install
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<!--If it does not compile, go back some revisions. Before invoking the <code>sed</code> command do:
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svn update -r2166 -->
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=== [[OpenSceneGraph]] ===
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For <u>2.8.0</u> at least version 3.0.1 is recommended. <u>GIT</u> users, especially developers, may want to use the latest release or even bleeding edge code here instead. <br />
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<u>2.8.0 and GIT:</u>
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cd $srcdir
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svn co http://www.openscenegraph.org/svn/osg/OpenSceneGraph/tags/OpenSceneGraph-3.0.1 OpenSceneGraph
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mkdir osg-build && cd osg-build
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cmake -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE="Release" -DLIB_POSTFIX="" \
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      -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" $srcdir/OpenSceneGraph
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make install
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=== [[SimGear]] ===
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<u>2.8.0 and GIT:</u>
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cd $srcdir
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git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/simgear
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<u>2.8.0 only:</u>
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cd simgear
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git checkout -b 2.8.0 origin/release/2.8.0
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<u>2.8.0 and GIT:</u>
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mkdir $srcdir/sg-build && cd $srcdir/sg-build
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cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" $srcdir/simgear
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make install
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=== FlightGear source ===
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<u>2.8.0 and GIT:</u>
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cd $srcdir
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git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/flightgear
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<u>2.8.0 only:</u>
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cd flightgear
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git checkout -b 2.8.0 origin/release/2.8.0
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<u>2.8.0 and GIT:</u>
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mkdir $srcdir/fg-build && cd $srcdir/fg-build
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cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" $srcdir/flightgear
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make install
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=== FlightGear data ===
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<u>2.8.0 only:</u> Please have a look at the [http://flightgear.org/mirrors.html mirror list] for a server close to your location.
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cd $prefix
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wget http://mirrors.ibiblio.org/pub/mirrors/flightgear/ftp/Shared/FlightGear-data-2.8.0.tar.bz2
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tar xjf FlightGear-data-2.8.0.tar.bz2
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<u>GIT only:</u>
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For slow/unstable internet connections it is recommended to download the [[Git#fgdata.bundle|fgdata.bundle]] instead of cloning the data.<br />
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cd $prefix
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git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/fgdata data
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== Trial run and finishing process ==
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When all the builds are done and the data download has finished it is time for a test run:
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export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$prefix/lib/:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
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$prefix/bin/fgfs --fg-root=$prefix/data
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Have in mind that <code>fgfs</code> need to find our self compiled libraries and therefore we have to tell the linker (ld) where to find them. That is what the first line here does. You might want to add this line to your <code>$HOME/.bashrc</code> to have this as a persistent setting.
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To avoid the need to give the path to the <code>fgfs</code> command in the second line, you might consider to create a symlink to a place that is listed in $PATH:
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ln -s $prefix/bin/fgfs $HOME/bin/fgfs
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For the future, if you want to start FlightGear from command line have a look at [[fgfsrc]], if you prefer a graphical user interface continue with [[#fgrun|compiling fgrun]] or check [[FGo!]].
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== Optional Software ==
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[[File:Zeichen_101_icon.png|21px]] Some of the below instructions possibly are not up to date. Please feel free to revise them.
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Feel free to add the commands to install other FlightGear related projects.
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=== [[Atlas]] ===
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One more Package has to be installed:
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* libglew1.5-dev
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cd $srcdir
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git clone http://mapserver.flightgear.org/git/atlas
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cd atlas
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./autogen.sh
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./configure --prefix=$prefix --with-fgbase=$prefix/data
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make install
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cp -R $srcdir/atlas/src/data/* $prefix/data/Atlas
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<!--If it does not compile, go back some commits. Before invoking the <code>autogen.sh</code> command do:
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git reset --hard 5a27c351a8c03c7fa47cba0b4af7f4e23e4c31b0-->
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<!-- cvs -d:pserver:anonymous@atlas.cvs.sourceforge.net:/cvsroot/atlas login
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#CVS passwd: [Enter]
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cvs -z3 -d:pserver:anonymous@atlas.cvs.sourceforge.net:/cvsroot/atlas co Atlas
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cd Atlas
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cvs export -D 2012-08-01 -d Atlas-20120801 . && cd Atlas-20120801/Atlas-->
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$prefix/bin/Atlas
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=== fgcom ===
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For [[fgcom]] install package
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* libasound2-dev
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On <u>Lenny</u> unfortunately one dependency has to be compiled, see [[#libopenal|libopenal]].
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cd $srcdir
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<!--git clone http://mapserver.flightgear.org/git/fgcom -->
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svn co https://appfgcom.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/fgcom/trunk fgcom
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cd fgcom/src
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make INSTALL_BIN=$prefix/bin INSTALL_DIR=$prefix/fgcom \
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    PLIB_PREFIX=$prefix [OPENAL_PREFIX=$prefix] install
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Create an .alsoftrc file as shown in [[FGCOM_Testing#Special_for_Linux_.28.alsoftrc.29|FGCOM Testing]].
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=== fgrun ===
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To build [[fgrun]] one more package is required:
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* libfltk1.1-dev
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<u>2.8.0 only:</u>
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cd $srcdir
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wget --trust-server-names http://sourceforge.net/projects/fgrun/files/fgrun/1.6.2/fgrun-1.6.2.tar.bz2/download
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tar xf fgrun-1.6.2.tar.bz2
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mkdir $srcdir/fgrun-build && cd $srcdir/fgrun-build
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LANG=; cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" $srcdir/fgrun-1.6.2
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make install
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<u>GIT only:</u>
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cd $srcdir
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git clone http://mapserver.flightgear.org/git/fgrun
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mkdir $srcdir/fgrun-build && cd $srcdir/fgrun-build
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LANG=; cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH="$prefix" $srcdir/fgrun
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make install
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<u>2.8.0 and GIT:</u>
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export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$prefix/lib/:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
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$prefix/bin/fgrun
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=== TaxiDraw ===
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[[File:Zeichen_101_icon.png|21px]] Obsolete! Use [[#WorldEditor|WorldEditor]] instead.<br />
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To compile [[Taxidraw|TaxiDraw]] we need to install some more packages:
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* either libcurl4-gnutls-dev or libcurl4-openssl-dev for curl.h
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* wx2.8-headers (at least, maybe even more than just that one. Please [http://wiki.flightgear.org/index.php?title=Talk:Building_FlightGear_-_Debian&action=edit&redlink=1 report]!
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su -c "aptitude install [libcurl4-gnutls-dev|libcurl4-openssl-dev]"
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cd $srcdir
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git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/taxidraw
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cd taxidraw
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./autogen.sh
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./configure --prefix=$prefix
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make install
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=== TerraGear ===
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==== Automatic Installation ====
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If you are familiar with "download_and_compile.sh" script from Brisa you can donwload this script : http://clemaez.fr/flightgear/terragear_download_and_compile.sh
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This script is similar to Brisa script (only usable for Debian/Ubuntu/Mint...). Thi script install TerraGear (last version) en terragear-gui.
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;''How to use it?''
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sh terragear_download_and_compile.sh -j 2 ALL
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-j 2 option is for Dual Core, you can tune it as you want. (personnaly I have Quad Core and I use -j 12 but I need to accept to don't use my aircraft during compilation ;) )
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;''Need some help?''
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Look at forum topics : http://www.flightgear.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=20&t=14849
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After success installation you can exectute this command line in the terragear/bin directory in order to display every --help for each binary files:
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cd terragear/bin && for i in `ls`; do echo ""; echo "################# "$i" ##############"; ./$i --help; done
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==== Basic Installation ====
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To resolve some of the dependencies of [[TerraGear]] the GIT sections of steps [[#plib|plib]], [[#OpenSceneGraph|OpenSceneGraph]] and [[#SimGear|SimGear]] have to be done first. Additionally some packages and their dependencies have to be installed:
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* libgdal1-dev, gdal-bin
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* libproj-dev, libogdi3.2-dev (probably even more, please [http://wiki.flightgear.org/index.php?title=Talk:Building_FlightGear_-_Debian&action=edit&redlink=1 report]!)
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<u>Wheezy:</u> As of June 2nd there is a bug ([http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=617240 #617240]) in package libmysqlclient16 which causes compilation to fail. If it is not fixed by the time you're building TerraGear, upgrade to the version from Sid.
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cd $srcdir
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git clone git://mapserver.flightgear.org/terragear-cs
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Two of the dependencies have to be installed manually (See [http://mapserver.flightgear.org/git/?p=terragear-cs;a=blob;f=README.gpc;h=226e185b1ce1d1578006b48bb426e35848cce93b;hb=HEAD README.gpc] and [http://mapserver.flightgear.org/git/?p=terragear-cs;a=blob;f=README.newmat;h=95570b6b279d3d00bd7664cd4f00d6c4802aed1b;hb=HEAD README.newmat] for details.):
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# gpc install
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mkdir $srcdir/gpc232 && cd $srcdir/gpc232
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wget ftp://ftp.cs.man.ac.uk/pub/toby/gpc/gpc232-release.zip
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unzip gpc232-release.zip
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sed s/DBL_EPSILON/0.000001/ -i gpc.h
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grep -A 18 '# Unix/Linux makefile' $srcdir/terragear-cs/README.gpc > Makefile
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sed "s|/usr/local/lib|$prefix/lib|" -i Makefile
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sed "s|/usr/local/include|$prefix/include|" -i Makefile
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make install
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# newmat install
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mkdir $srcdir/newmat11 && cd $srcdir/newmat11
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wget http://www.robertnz.net/ftp/newmat11.tar.gz
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tar xzfv newmat11.tar.gz
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make -f nm_gnu.mak
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cp libnewmat.a $prefix/lib
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mkdir $prefix/include/newmat
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cp *.h $prefix/include/newmat
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Finally TerraGear itself (See [http://mapserver.flightgear.org/git/?p=terragear-cs;a=blob;f=README;h=7dae654283ca0b1447aeb3aa398287219f4b57df;hb=HEAD README] for details.):
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cd $srcdir/terragear-cs
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./autogen.sh
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./configure --prefix=$prefix
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sed s/-O2// -i src/Lib/TriangleJRS/Makefile
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make install
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=== WorldEditor (WED) ===
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Because this is the same for all Linux distributions the instructions are not listed here separately. Please refer to our [[WorldEditor#Linux|lead WED article]].
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{{Building}}
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[[de:FlightGear bauen - Debian]]
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Latest revision as of 10:45, 28 May 2017