Difference between revisions of "Aircraft"

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(added new Aircraft: Space Shuttle)
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=== Light civilian aircraft ===
 
=== Light civilian aircraft ===
 
The Cessna 172 is the default aircraft in FGFS 2.0. These aircraft typically have 1-2 piston engines, props, and avionics geared towards those with civilian pilot licenses.
 
The Cessna 172 is the default aircraft in FGFS 2.0. These aircraft typically have 1-2 piston engines, props, and avionics geared towards those with civilian pilot licenses.
{{Gallery|
+
{{Model Gallery | section=light_civilian_aircraft}}
[[Aerostar 700]]|Aerostar_700.jpg|
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[[B&F FK9 Mark 2]]|FK9MK2.jpg|
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[[Cessna C172|Cessna 172P]] (1982)|Cessna_172P.jpg|
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[[Edgley Optica]]|Edgley_Optica_01.jpg|
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[[Piper Cherokee Warrior II|Piper Cherokee Warrior II (PA28-161)]]|Piper_Cherokee_Warrior_II.png|
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[[Piper PA-24 Comanche|Piper Comanche (PA24-250)]]|Pa-24.jpg|
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[[Piper J3 Cub]] (1946) |Piper_j3cub.jpg|
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[[Piper PA34-200T Seneca II|Piper Seneca II (PA34-200T)]]|Piper_SenecaII.jpg|
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[[Robin DR400]]|dr400.jpg|
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[[Rallye-MS893E]]|Rallye-MS893.jpg
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}}
+
  
 
=== Modern Airliners ===
 
=== Modern Airliners ===
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==== Narrowbody & Midsize ====
 
==== Narrowbody & Midsize ====
{{Gallery|
+
{{Model Gallery| section=modern_airliners_narrowbody_midsize}}
[[Airbus A320 Family]]|A320-family.jpg|
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[[Beechcraft B1900D]]|Beechcraft B1900D.png|
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[[Bombardier CRJ-200LR]]|Picture 11.png|
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[[Bombardier CRJ700 series]]|CRJ700.jpg|
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[[Boeing 757]]|757-2002.jpg|
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[[Boeing 707]]|707.jpg|
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[[Boeing 717]]|717-200.jpg|
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[[Boeing 737-100]]|737-100.png|
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[[Boeing 737-300]]|737-300.jpg|
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[[Boeing 727-230]]|727-230.2.jpeg|
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[[Cessna Citation X]]|CessnaCitationX.jpg|
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[[Concorde]]|Concorde.png
+
}}
+
  
 
==== Widebody & Jumbo Airliners ====
 
==== Widebody & Jumbo Airliners ====
{{Gallery|
+
{{Model Gallery| section=modern_airliners_widebody_jumbo}}
[[Airbus A340-600]]|Airbus.png|
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[[Airbus A380]]|A380.jpg|
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[[Boeing 777-200]]|777-200.jpg|
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[[Boeing 767-300]]|Shadow.png|
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[[Boeing 747-400]]|747-400.jpg|
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[[Boeing 787]]|787.png|
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[[Airbus A350]]|A350.png|
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[[IL-96-400 Long Ranger(T)]]|1z5hr43.bmp
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}}
+
  
 
=== Helicopters ===
 
=== Helicopters ===
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Helicopters have fundamentally different controls than fixed wing aircraft (see ''[[Flying the Helicopter]]''). Modern helicopter typically feature 1-2 turbine engines, which power a main rotor with 2-6 blades.
 
Helicopters have fundamentally different controls than fixed wing aircraft (see ''[[Flying the Helicopter]]''). Modern helicopter typically feature 1-2 turbine engines, which power a main rotor with 2-6 blades.
{{Gallery|
+
{{Model Gallery| section=helicopters}}
[[AH-1 Cobra]]|Ah-1_vietnam_firebase.png|
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[[Eurocopter Bo105|MBB Bo 105]]|FlightGearNL-9.jpg|
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[[Eurocopter EC135|Eurocopter EC-135]]|Ec135.png|
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[[CH-47 Chinook Helicopter|Boeing CH-47 Chinook]]|CH-47_Chinook.jpg|
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[[Hughes OH-6 Cayuse]]|OH-6.png|
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[[Sikorsky S58|Sikorsky S-58]]|S58.jpg
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}}
+
  
 
=== Gliders, Sailplanes, & Ultralights ===
 
=== Gliders, Sailplanes, & Ultralights ===
 
These typically have the simplest controls, with minimal avionics. Flying [[:Category:Gliders|gliders]] or sailplanes using [[Soaring|thermals]] can provide more complicated experience. Ultralights on the other hand are among the simplest aircraft in FG.
 
These typically have the simplest controls, with minimal avionics. Flying [[:Category:Gliders|gliders]] or sailplanes using [[Soaring|thermals]] can provide more complicated experience. Ultralights on the other hand are among the simplest aircraft in FG.
{{Gallery|
+
{{Model Gallery| section=ultra_light}}
[[Airwave Xtreme 150]]|AirwaveXtreme150.jpg|
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[[Dragonfly|Moyes Dragonfly]]|Dragonfly-towing.jpg|
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[[Paraglider]]|Paraglider.jpg|
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[[GDT Hornet (autogyro)]]|Hornet.jpg|
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[[Schweizer 2-33]]|Sgs233.jpg|
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[[ASW-20 sailplane|Schleicher ASW-20]]|Asw20.jpg|
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[[Glaser-Dirks DG-300]]|DG-300.jpg|
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[[Glaser-Dirks_DG-101G]]|DG-101G_001.jpg
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}}
+
  
 
=== Warbirds ===
 
=== Warbirds ===
 
FlightGear includes a wide variety of vintage military aircraft. Complexity and realism is typically tied to the level of development work with a specific aircraft.
 
FlightGear includes a wide variety of vintage military aircraft. Complexity and realism is typically tied to the level of development work with a specific aircraft.
{{Gallery|
+
{{Model Gallery| section=warbirds}}
[[Bristol Beaufighter]]|Beaufighter.png|
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[[Fokker Dr.I]]|Fokker_DrI.jpg|
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[[P-51D Mustang]]|P51d-mustang.png|
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[[A6M2 Zero‎]]|A6M2.gif|
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[[Nakajima Ki-84‎]]|ki-84.jpg|
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[[Focke-Wulf Fw 190]]|Fw190.jpg|
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[[Sopwith Camel]]|Sopwith_Camel.png|
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[[Supermarine Spitfire]]|Spitfire.jpg|
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[[MiG-15]]|MiG-15bis-Exterior.jpg|
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[[IAR 80]]|iar80-angry.jpg|
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[[F4U Corsair]]|F4u-park.jpg|
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[[Messerschmitt Bf 109]]|109-1.png
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}}
+
  
 
=== Carrier-borne aircraft ===
 
=== Carrier-borne aircraft ===
 
FlightGear supports landing on and taking off from [[carriers]].
 
FlightGear supports landing on and taking off from [[carriers]].
 
+
{{Model Gallery| section=carrier_borne_aircraft}}
{{Gallery|
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[[Grumman A-6E|Grumman A-6E Intruder]]|A-6E.jpg|
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[[Blackburn Buccaneer]]|Buccaneer.jpg|
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[[Grumman F-14 Tomcat]]|F-14.jpg|
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[[Hawker Seahawk|Hawker Seahawk FGA6]]|Hawker_Seahawk.jpg
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}}
+
  
 
=== Modern military aircraft ===
 
=== Modern military aircraft ===
 
FlightGear has a wide variety of modern and retired military jets available, highlighted by features such as air-to-air refueling from the venerable KC-135 and the ability to simulate A-10 ordnance release.
 
FlightGear has a wide variety of modern and retired military jets available, highlighted by features such as air-to-air refueling from the venerable KC-135 and the ability to simulate A-10 ordnance release.
 
+
{{Model Gallery| section=modern_military_aircraft}}
{{Gallery|
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[[Fairchild A-10]]|A-10.jpg|
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[[Boeing B-52]]|B-52F.jpg|
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[[Boeing E-3 Sentry]]|E-3B.jpg|
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[[F-15C Eagle]]|F-15C.jpg|
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[[British Aerospace Harrier]]|Harrier.jpg|
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[[General Dynamics F-16]]|General_Dynamics_F16.jpg|
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[[Cessna T-37]]|Cessna T-37.jpg|
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[[Northrop T-38]]|Northrop_T-38.jpg|
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[[North American OV-10A Bronco]]|OV-10A2.jpg|
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[[Saab J 35Ö Draken|Saab J35Ö Draken]]|Saab_J35.jpg|
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[[HAL Tejas]]|LCA.jpeg|
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[[Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor]]|F-22.png
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}}
+
  
 
=== Historical ===
 
=== Historical ===
 
Many obscure to famous older aircraft of varying quality are available.
 
Many obscure to famous older aircraft of varying quality are available.
{{Gallery|
+
{{Model Gallery| section=historical_aircraft}}
[[Couzinet 70]]|Couzinet70.jpg|
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[[De Havilland D.H. 91 Albatross]]|dh91.jpg|
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[[Douglas DC-3]]|Douglas_DC3.jpg|
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[[ComperSwift Comper]]|ComperSwift.jpg|
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[[Lockheed 1049|Lockheed Constellation]]|Lockheed_1049.jpg|
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[[Boeing 314]]|314.jpg|
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[[de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter]]|DHC-3.jpg|
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[[Wright Flyer (UIUC)]]|1903_Wright_Flyer.jpg|
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[[Short Empire]]|Short_Empire.jpg|
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[[Douglas DC-3-C47]]|Dc-3-splash.png
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}}
+
  
 
=== Experimental & Unique ===
 
=== Experimental & Unique ===
 
Experimental and special purpose aircraft.  
 
Experimental and special purpose aircraft.  
{{Gallery|
+
{{Model Gallery| section=experimental}}
[[BAC TSR-2 Prototype]]|BAC_TSR-2_Prototype.jpg|
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[[Bell Boeing V22 Osprey|Bell V-22 Osprey]]|V22Osprey.jpg|
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[[North American X-15]]|X15.jpg|
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[[Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23]]|YF-23.jpg
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}}
+
  
 
=== Lighter than air aircraft (Available from version 1.9.0) ===
 
=== Lighter than air aircraft (Available from version 1.9.0) ===
 
These aircraft take advantage of lighter than air gas to become buoyant. In addition to typical aircraft control methods such as elevator, rudder and engine throttle, ballast and control of gas volume and pressure become options.
 
These aircraft take advantage of lighter than air gas to become buoyant. In addition to typical aircraft control methods such as elevator, rudder and engine throttle, ballast and control of gas volume and pressure become options.
 
+
{{Model Gallery| section=lighter_than_air}}
{{Gallery|
+
[[Zeppelin NT]]|Zeppelin_NT.jpg|
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[[ZF Navy free balloon]]|ZF_Navy_free_balloon.jpg|
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[[Submarine Scout]]|Submarine_Scout.jpg|
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[[Zeppelin LZ 121 Nordstern]]|Zeppelin_LZ_121_Nordstern.jpg
+
}}
+
  
 
=== Science Fiction ===
 
=== Science Fiction ===
 
Alternative models provide a diversion of realistic simulation, but can also be useful for exploring scenery.
 
Alternative models provide a diversion of realistic simulation, but can also be useful for exploring scenery.
{{Gallery|
+
{{Model Gallery| section=science_fiction}}
[[UFO from the 'White Project' of the UNESCO]]|UFO.jpg|
+
[[Bluebird]]|bluebird_hovercraft.jpg
+
}}
+
 
+
  
 
=== Spacecrafts ===
 
=== Spacecrafts ===
 
Things that show how small our planet Earth really is.
 
Things that show how small our planet Earth really is.
{{Gallery|
+
{{Model Gallery| section=spacecraft}}
[[Vostok-1]]|Vostok-1-Thumbnail.jpg|
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[[Space Shuttle]]|Shuttle.jpg
+
}}
+
  
 
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Revision as of 06:42, 21 March 2012

This list is not updated to include all the official GPL licensed aircraft for FlightGear, but gives a visual sampling of the different types of aircraft and genres of aircraft officially available. See Table of models for the comprehensive list.

The examples listed here are officially available from the FlightGear project, and can be downloaded at FlightGear.org, with installation typically requiring an unzipping program, and manual installation in the FlightGear aircraft directory. More aircraft are available in non-official hangars.

FlightGear aircraft features, quality, and compatibility vary significantly. Their development is dependent on the volunteers who worked on them, with exception of some University and Government funded projects.

Light civilian aircraft

The Cessna 172 is the default aircraft in FGFS 2.0. These aircraft typically have 1-2 piston engines, props, and avionics geared towards those with civilian pilot licenses.

Cessna 172P (1982)  
Piper J3 Cub (1946)  

Modern Airliners

These typically have 2-4 turbofan engines and some of the more complicated takeoff and landing procedures (such as multiple flaps). In addition, avionics in real life is geared towards those with professional pilots licenses and special certifications. However, the simplifications of FG make it much easier to fly in the simulation.

Narrowbody & Midsize

Widebody & Jumbo Airliners

Helicopters

1rightarrow.png See Helicopter for the main article about this subject.

Helicopters have fundamentally different controls than fixed wing aircraft (see Flying the Helicopter). Modern helicopter typically feature 1-2 turbine engines, which power a main rotor with 2-6 blades.

Gliders, Sailplanes, & Ultralights

These typically have the simplest controls, with minimal avionics. Flying gliders or sailplanes using thermals can provide more complicated experience. Ultralights on the other hand are among the simplest aircraft in FG.

Warbirds

FlightGear includes a wide variety of vintage military aircraft. Complexity and realism is typically tied to the level of development work with a specific aircraft.

MiG-15  

Carrier-borne aircraft

FlightGear supports landing on and taking off from carriers.

Modern military aircraft

FlightGear has a wide variety of modern and retired military jets available, highlighted by features such as air-to-air refueling from the venerable KC-135 and the ability to simulate A-10 ordnance release.

Historical

Many obscure to famous older aircraft of varying quality are available.

Experimental & Unique

Experimental and special purpose aircraft.

Lighter than air aircraft (Available from version 1.9.0)

These aircraft take advantage of lighter than air gas to become buoyant. In addition to typical aircraft control methods such as elevator, rudder and engine throttle, ballast and control of gas volume and pressure become options.

Science Fiction

Alternative models provide a diversion of realistic simulation, but can also be useful for exploring scenery.

Spacecrafts

Things that show how small our planet Earth really is.