Difference between revisions of "Aircraft"

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This list is not updated to include all the official [[GNU General Public License|GPL licensed]] '''aircraft''' for [[FlightGear]], but gives a visual sampling of the different types of aircraft and genres of aircraft officially available. See [[Table of models]] for a more comprehensive list.
|__TOC__
+
|}
+
  
== Civilian Aircraft ==
+
Most models shown here are available from the official FlightGear project and can be downloaded at [http://www.flightgear.org/download/ FlightGear.org], with installation typically requiring an unzipping program and manual [[Howto: Install aircraft|installation]] in the FlightGear aircraft directory. Alternatively these aircraft can be obtained directly from the [[FGAddon|official FlightGear aircraft repository - FGAddon]] (when using the [[FlightGear Build Server|nightly builds]] or a [[Building FlightGear|version controlled copy of FlightGear]], or managing an aircraft collection using version control tools). Some models shown here are available from [[FlightGear hangars|non-official hangars]].
  
=== Airliners ===
+
FlightGear aircraft features, quality, and compatibility vary significantly. Their development is dependent on the [[volunteer]]s who worked on them, with exception of some University and Government funded projects. Aircraft are listed by completeness status in [[:Category:Aircraft by status]].
  
==== Boeing 737 ====  
+
=== Light civilian aircraft ===
* '''FDM :''' JSBSim
+
The Cessna 172 is the default aircraft in FGFS 2.0. These aircraft typically have 1-2 piston engines, props, and avionics geared towards those with civilian pilot licenses.
* '''Author :''' David Culp (FDM), Innis Cunningham (3D and Panel)
+
{{Model Gallery | section=light_civilian_aircraft}}
* '''Notes :''' None
+
  
''' Screenshots '''
+
=== Modern Airliners ===
 +
These typically have 2-4 turbofan engines and some of the more complicated takeoff and landing procedures (such as multiple [[flaps]]). In addition, avionics in real life is geared towards those with professional pilots licenses and special certifications. However, the simplifications of FG make it much easier to fly in the simulation.
  
{|
+
==== Narrowbody & Midsize ====
|[[Image:737-300.jpg|thumb|737-300]]
+
{{Model Gallery| section=modern_airliners_narrowbody_midsize}}
|}
+
  
[[Boeing 737]]
+
==== Widebody & Jumbo Airliners ====
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=modern_airliners_widebody_jumbo}}
  
[[Boeing 737 Operations Manual ]]
+
=== Helicopters ===
 +
{{Main article|Helicopter}}
  
==== Boeing 747-400 ====
+
Helicopters have fundamentally different controls than fixed wing aircraft (see ''[[Flying the Helicopter]]''). Modern helicopter typically feature 1-2 turbine engines, which power a main rotor with 2-6 blades.
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=helicopters}}
  
[[Boeing 747]]
+
=== Gliders, Sailplanes, & Ultralights ===
 +
These typically have the simplest controls, with minimal avionics. Flying [[:Category:Gliders|gliders]] or sailplanes using [[Soaring|thermals]] can provide more complicated experience. Ultralights on the other hand are among the simplest aircraft in FG.
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=ultra_light}}
  
[[Boeing 747 Operations Manual ]]
+
=== Warbirds ===
 +
FlightGear includes a wide variety of vintage military aircraft. Complexity and realism is typically tied to the level of development work with a specific aircraft.
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=warbirds}}
  
==== Airbus A320-200 ====
+
=== Carrier-borne aircraft ===
 +
FlightGear supports landing on and taking off from [[carriers]].
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=carrier_borne_aircraft}}
  
[[Airbus A320]]
+
=== Modern military aircraft ===
 +
FlightGear has a wide variety of modern and retired military jets available, highlighted by features such as air-to-air refueling from the venerable KC-135 and the ability to simulate A-10 ordnance release.
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=modern_military_aircraft}}
  
[[ Airbus A320 Operations Manual ]]
+
=== Historical ===
 +
Many obscure to famous older aircraft of varying quality are available.
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=historical_aircraft}}
  
==== Airbus A380 ====
+
=== Experimental & Unique ===
[[Airbus A380]]
+
Experimental and special purpose aircraft.
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=experimental}}
  
[[ Airbus A380 Operations Manual ]]
+
=== Lighter than air aircraft (Available from version 1.9.0) ===
 +
These aircraft take advantage of lighter than air gas to become buoyant. In addition to typical aircraft control methods such as elevator, rudder and engine throttle, ballast and control of gas volume and pressure become options.
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=lighter_than_air}}
  
==== Concorde ====
+
=== Science Fiction ===
[[ Concorde  Operations Manual ]]
+
Alternative models provide a diversion of realistic simulation, but can also be useful for exploring scenery.
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=science_fiction}}
  
==== McDonnel Douglas MD11 ====
+
=== Spacecraft ===
 +
Things that show how small our planet Earth really is.
 +
{{Model Gallery| section=spacecraft}}
  
Wikipedia: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McDonnell_Douglas_MD-11 McDonnell Douglas MD-11]
+
== See Also ==
 +
* [[Howto:Make an aircraft]]
 +
* [[How to install aircraft]]
 +
* [[Aircraft deployment]]
 +
* [[Airliner Development Status]]
  
[[McDonnell Douglas MD-11]]
+
<!-- Page settings after this -->
  
[[ McDonnell Douglas MD11 Operations Manual ]]
+
[[it:Aerei]]
  
==== Tupolev 114 airliner ====
+
[[Category:Lists]]
 +
[[Category:Aircraft| ]]
  
[[Tupolev 114]]
+
[[ca:Aeronau]]
 
+
[[de:Flugzeuge]]
[[ Tupolev 114 Operations Manual ]]
+
[[es:Avión]]
 
+
[[fi:Lentokoneet]]
==== Fokker 100 ====
+
[[fr:Avions]]
[[Fokker 100]]
+
[[nl:Luchtvaartuigen]]
 
+
[[pt:Avião]]
[[ Fokker 100 Operations Manual ]]
+
[[ru:Самолет]]
 
+
[[zh:插件飞机]]
==== Tupolev 154 ====
+
 
+
[[Tupolev 154]]
+
 
+
[[ Tuplev 154 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
=== GA Single Enine ===
+
 
+
==== Cessna 150x prototype ====
+
[[Cessna 150x  Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Cessna 172P Skyhawk (1981 model) ====
+
[[Cessna C172]]
+
 
+
[[Cessna 172P  Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Cessna 172R ====
+
[[Cessna 172R Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Cessna 182 ====
+
[[Cessna C182]]
+
 
+
[[ Cessna 182 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== de Havilland Beaver ====
+
[[ de Havilland Beaver]]
+
 
+
[[ de Havilland Beaver Operations Manual ]]
+
==== Fokker Dr.1 ====
+
[[ Fokker Dr.1 ]]
+
 
+
[[ Fokker Dr.1 Operations Manual ]]
+
==== ComperSwift ====
+
* '''FDM:''' Yasim
+
* '''Model:''' Lee Elliott
+
 
+
[[ComperSwift Comper]]
+
 
+
[[ ComperSwift Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Piper J3 Cub (J3C-65, 1946 model) ====
+
[[ Piper J3 Cub]]
+
 
+
[[ Piper J3 Cub Operations Manual ]]
+
==== marchetti-v1 ====
+
[[Marchetti V1]]
+
 
+
[[ Marchetti V1 Operations Manual ]]
+
==== Piper Cherokee Warrior II (1979 model) ====
+
[[Piper Cherokee Warrior II]]
+
 
+
[[ Piper Cherokee Warrior II Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Pilatus PC-7 ====
+
[[Pilatus PC-7]]
+
 
+
[[ Pilatus PC-7 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Sopwith Camel ====
+
[[Sopwith Camel]]
+
 
+
[[ Sopwith Camel Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Cirrus SR-20 ====
+
[[Cirrus SR-20]]
+
 
+
[[ Cirrus SR-20 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
=== GA  Multi Engine ===
+
==== Beech 99 ====
+
 
+
[[Beechcraft Model 99]]
+
 
+
[[ Beechcraft Model 99 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== c310u3a ====
+
[[Cessna C310]]
+
 
+
[[Cessna C310 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Boeing314A ====
+
[[Boeing 314A]]
+
 
+
[[Boeing 314 A Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Douglas DC-3 ====
+
[[Douglas DC-3]]
+
 
+
==== Piper PA34-200T Seneca II ====
+
* '''FDM :''' JSBSim
+
* '''Author :''' Torsten Dreyer
+
* '''Notes :''' None
+
 
+
''' Screenshots '''
+
 
+
{|
+
|[[Image:SenecaII_in_flight.jpg|thumb|PA34-200T Seneca II]]
+
|}
+
 
+
[[Piper PA34-200T Seneca II]]
+
 
+
[[Seneca II Checklist]]
+
 
+
=== GA Business Jet / Turboprop ===
+
==== Cessna 550 Citation-II ====
+
[[Cessna 550 Citation-II]]
+
 
+
[[ Cessna 550 Citation-II Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Cessna 550 Citation-Bravo ====
+
[[Cessna 550 Citation-Bravo]]
+
 
+
[[Cessna 550 Citation-Bravo Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Beechcraft B1900D ====
+
[[Beechcraft B1900D]]
+
 
+
[[Beechcraft B1900D Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Fokker 50 ====
+
[[Fokker 50]]
+
 
+
[[Fokker 50 Operations Manual ]]
+
==== Fokker 70 ====
+
[[Fokker 70]]
+
 
+
[[Fokker 70 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
=== Helicopter ===
+
==== Eurocopter Bo105 ====
+
[[Eurocopter Bo105]]
+
==== Ecureuil AS 350 Helicopter ====
+
[[Ecureuil AS 350 Helicopter]]
+
 
+
[[Ecureuil AS 350 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Bell 206 JetRanger Helicopter ====
+
[[Bell 206 JetRanger Helicopter]]
+
 
+
[[Bell 206 JetRanger Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== CH-47 Chinook Helicopter ====
+
[[CH-47 Chinook Helicopter]]
+
 
+
[[CH-47 Chinook Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
== Military Aircraft ==
+
==== Fairchild A-10 ====
+
[[Fairchild A-10]]
+
 
+
[[Fairchild A-10 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Antonov AN-225 ====
+
[[Antonov AN-225]]
+
 
+
[[Antonov AN-225 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Boeing B-52 F ====
+
[[Boeing B-52]]
+
 
+
[[Boeing B-52 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== BAC TSR2 Prototype ====
+
[[Soko J-22 Orao / IAR-93]]
+
 
+
[[Soko J-22 Orao Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== MiG-15bis ====
+
 
+
[[Mig-15bis Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== North American OV-10A Bronco ====
+
 
+
"The North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco is a turboprop-driven light attack and cargo aircraft. Although it is a fixed-wing aircraft, its mission capabilities resemble a fast, long-range, inexpensive and reliable ultra-heavy attack helicopter. It flies at 350 mph (560 km/h), carries 3 tons of external munitions, and easily loiters for 3 or more hours. It is prized for its versatility, redundancy, load, wide field of view, short-field ability, low operational costs and ease of maintenance." Read more on Wikipedia: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OV-10 OV-10 Bronco]
+
 
+
The current model supports a "weather radar" displaying AI weather objects. It does not display METAR "real weather" downloaded by the FG weather system.
+
 
+
''' Screenshots '''
+
{|
+
|[[Image:OV-10A2.jpg|thumb|OV-10A2]]
+
|}
+
 
+
[[North American OV-10A Bronco]]
+
 
+
[[North American OV-10A Bronco Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Cessna T-37 ====
+
[[Cessna T-37]]
+
 
+
[[Cessna T-37 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Northrop T-38 ====
+
 
+
"In the mid-1950s, the USAF required a trainer with higher performance than the T-33 to better prepare student pilots for the latest tactical aircraft that were then coming into service. The aircraft chosen was the T-38A which offered high performance with low maintenance and operating costs. The T-38A became the USAF's first supersonic trainer." Source: [http://www.wpafb.af.mil/museum/modern_flight/mf11.htm NORTHROP T-38A "TALON"]
+
 
+
Read more on the Wikipedia abou the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-38_Talon T38 Talon]
+
 
+
The current model uses a 2D cockpit, and supports display of AI aircraft objects on an air-air radar screen. See the Aircraft/Instruments/radar.xml file for details, or fly the T-38 for a demo.  Yes, the T-38 does not actually have radar, but it was chosen here to be the demonstrator aircraft for radar.  It also demonstrates how instruments can be minimized and maximized in 2D panels.
+
 
+
[[Northrop T-38]]
+
 
+
[[Northrop T-38 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== North American X-15 ====
+
[[North American X-15]]
+
 
+
[[North American X-15 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23 ATF prototype ====
+
[[Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23]]
+
 
+
[[Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
 
+
==== Douglas A4 Skyhawk ====
+
[[Douglas A4 Skyhawk]]
+
 
+
[[Douglas A4 Skyhawk Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Boeing B-29 Superfortress ====
+
 
+
==== McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle ====
+
[[McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle]]
+
 
+
[[McDonnel Douglas F-15 Eagle Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Lockheed F-104 Starfighter ====
+
[[Lockheed F-104 Starfighter]]
+
 
+
[[Lockheed F-104 Starfighter Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== General Dynamics F-16 ====
+
[[General Dynamics F-16]]
+
 
+
[[General Dynamics F-16 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Harrier ====
+
[[British Aerospace Harrier]]
+
 
+
[[British Aerospace Harrier Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Hawker Hunter ====
+
[[Hawker Hunter]]
+
 
+
[[Hawker Hunter Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== P-51D ====
+
[[P-51D]]
+
 
+
[[ P-51D Mustang Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Hawker Hurricane IIb ====
+
[[Hawker Hurricane]]
+
 
+
[[Hawker Hurricane IIb Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Soko J-22 Orao / IAR-93 ====
+
[[Soko J-22 Orao / IAR-93]]
+
 
+
==== Supermarine Seafire MkIIIc ====
+
[[Supermarine Seafire]]
+
 
+
[[ Supermarine Seafire MkIIIc Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
 
+
==== Seahawk ====
+
[[Hawker Seahawk]]
+
 
+
[[Hawker Seahawk Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Spitfire IIa ====
+
[[Spitfire IIa Operations Manual ]]
+
==== A-4F Skyhawk ====
+
[[ A-4F Skyhawk Operations Manual ]]
+
==== USAF/NACA X-24B reentry testbed ====
+
[[ USAF/NACA X-24B Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
== Other ==
+
==== Airwave Xtreme 150 hang glider ====
+
[[Airwave Xtreme 150]]
+
 
+
[[AirwaveXtreme 150 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== ASW-20 sailplane ====
+
[[ASW-20 sailplane]]
+
 
+
[[ ASW-20 Sailplane Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Ornithopter (UIUC) ====
+
[[ Ornithopter Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
==== Santa Claus (3d cockpit) ====
+
 
+
==== Schweizer 2-33 ====
+
The Schweizer 2-33 uses a 2D instrument panel containing a Netto Variometer.  This instrument displays the instantaneous vertical speed of the surrrounding air mass, in knots.  The model begins at 3000 feet altitude and 60 knots airspeed.  It takes some time for the model to stabilize initially, and a very long time for the VSI to stabilize.  By default the model sets up a thermal scenario which places several thermals and sinks around San Francisco Bay.  Please see the related article on [[Soaring]].
+
 
+
[[Schweizer 2-33]]
+
 
+
[[Schweizer 2-33 Operations Manual ]]
+
 
+
=== UFO from the 'White Project' of the UNESCO ===
+
 
+
==== 1903 Wright Flyer ====
+
[[Wright Flyer (UIUC)]]
+
 
+
[[Wright Flyer Operations Manual ]]
+

Latest revision as of 10:24, 13 May 2019

This list is not updated to include all the official GPL licensed aircraft for FlightGear, but gives a visual sampling of the different types of aircraft and genres of aircraft officially available. See Table of models for a more comprehensive list.

Most models shown here are available from the official FlightGear project and can be downloaded at FlightGear.org, with installation typically requiring an unzipping program and manual installation in the FlightGear aircraft directory. Alternatively these aircraft can be obtained directly from the official FlightGear aircraft repository - FGAddon (when using the nightly builds or a version controlled copy of FlightGear, or managing an aircraft collection using version control tools). Some models shown here are available from non-official hangars.

FlightGear aircraft features, quality, and compatibility vary significantly. Their development is dependent on the volunteers who worked on them, with exception of some University and Government funded projects. Aircraft are listed by completeness status in Category:Aircraft by status.

Light civilian aircraft

The Cessna 172 is the default aircraft in FGFS 2.0. These aircraft typically have 1-2 piston engines, props, and avionics geared towards those with civilian pilot licenses.

Cessna 172P (1982)  
Piper J3 Cub (1946)  

Modern Airliners

These typically have 2-4 turbofan engines and some of the more complicated takeoff and landing procedures (such as multiple flaps). In addition, avionics in real life is geared towards those with professional pilots licenses and special certifications. However, the simplifications of FG make it much easier to fly in the simulation.

Narrowbody & Midsize

Widebody & Jumbo Airliners

Helicopters

1rightarrow.png See Helicopter for the main article about this subject.

Helicopters have fundamentally different controls than fixed wing aircraft (see Flying the Helicopter). Modern helicopter typically feature 1-2 turbine engines, which power a main rotor with 2-6 blades.

Gliders, Sailplanes, & Ultralights

These typically have the simplest controls, with minimal avionics. Flying gliders or sailplanes using thermals can provide more complicated experience. Ultralights on the other hand are among the simplest aircraft in FG.

Warbirds

FlightGear includes a wide variety of vintage military aircraft. Complexity and realism is typically tied to the level of development work with a specific aircraft.

MiG-15  

Carrier-borne aircraft

FlightGear supports landing on and taking off from carriers.

Modern military aircraft

FlightGear has a wide variety of modern and retired military jets available, highlighted by features such as air-to-air refueling from the venerable KC-135 and the ability to simulate A-10 ordnance release.

Historical

Many obscure to famous older aircraft of varying quality are available.

Experimental & Unique

Experimental and special purpose aircraft.

Lighter than air aircraft (Available from version 1.9.0)

These aircraft take advantage of lighter than air gas to become buoyant. In addition to typical aircraft control methods such as elevator, rudder and engine throttle, ballast and control of gas volume and pressure become options.

Science Fiction

Alternative models provide a diversion of realistic simulation, but can also be useful for exploring scenery.

Spacecraft

Things that show how small our planet Earth really is.

See Also