TerraSync

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Not to be confused with TerraGear, a toolset to generate scenery.

To see the terrain below your aircraft, you have to install the respective scenery. This can happen by downloading certain bits of scenery before flying as described in the article installing scenery.

Alternatively, if you have a steady and reasonably fast internet connection, you can use TerraSync. It is a utility that automatically downloads the newest version of the needed FlightGear scenery while the simulator is running. TerraSync runs in the background (optionally as a separate process), monitors your position, and downloads (or updates) the latest scenery from the master scenery server "just in time".

The master repository for TerraSync, i.e. the online resource from which TerraSync downloads its files, is synchronized with the FlightGear Scenery Database once a day. So when using TerraSync, you will always have

  1. the latest .stg-files, which tell FlightGear where to place an object
  2. the latest static models for objects. (Static models define unique objects that exist in one place only, such as famous buildings or landmarks.)
  3. the latest shared models for objects. (Generic models used more than once in different places, each can represent many different objects, like generic houses or ships)

Enabling TerraSync

FlightGear 2.99, 3.0 and later

Currently in Git, and as of the upcoming FlightGear 3.0 release, TerraSync has changed significantly. By default, TerraSync now downloads to a folder in the $FG_HOME directory when enabled with --enable-terrasync or through the checkbox on the last page of FGRun. Optionally a TerraSync directory can be assigned with --terrasync-dir= or through the Advanced > General dialog of FGRun. TerraSync will then download to that directory. No other configuration is needed.

FlightGear 2.4 up to and including 2.12

As of FlightGear 2.4, TerraSync controls are integrated in the usual FlightGear menu, under Environment > Scenery Download. You can also check the "Download scenery on the fly" in the setup GUI. Note that if you set your aircraft to start in a new area, where you have not yet downloaded any scenery, your aircraft may first appear to be in the water until sufficient scenery has downloaded. You can go to Environment > Scenery Download and choose "Manual Refresh" to apply scenery updates.

POSIX compliant command line shell

Start TerraSync:

% nice terrasync -p 5500 -S -d "$HOME/fgfsScenery"

The -S option tells terrasync to use the SVN protocol to fetch data. If you omit it terrasync will use the rsync program instead (which has to be installed on your system).

Start FlightGear:

% fgfs --atlas=socket,out,1,localhost,5500,udp --fg-scenery="$FG_ROOT/Scenery/:$HOME/fgfsScenery"

The full documentation and source for TerraSync is located in the FlightGear source distribution (in utils/TerraSync/).

FGRun in FlightGear 2.2.0

  1. After starting FGRun, make sure you are in the first screen where you can set up directories. One time "Back" from the aircraft selection page. You are now at the "Path" page.
  2. You can create a list of scenery directories next to "FG_SCENERY". Select the line that TerraSync will be using and press the "TerraSync directory" button on the right. A small "T" will appear on the selected line, indicating that this one is set up as TerraSync direcotry.
    • The directories are being loaded from top to bottom, so make sure TerraSync is on top (unless you want to "surpass" terrasync and display scenery from another directory). When two directories contain scenery for the same region, FlightGear will take the scenery from the directory higher in the list.
  3. Finally, go to the last screen. There you have to activate TerraSync as in the following screenshot. Now TerraSync should work.
    TerraSync 2.png

Note: Expect your firewall to block it the first time you run it; just tell the firewall to allow TerraSync to use the port.

FGRun in FlightGear 1.9.1

  1. After starting FGRun, make sure you are in the first screen where you can set up directories. One time "Back" from the aircraft selection page. You are now here:
    TerraSync 1.png
  2. Select the destination folder for all files downloaded by terrasync. Usually the folder $FG_ROOT\terrasync already exists and you only have to add it to the list (as in the above example). Insure that it is positioned above your standard scenery folder (here that is FlightGear191\scenery) and all other directories over which the terrasync folder is supposed to have priority. When two directories contain information for the same region, FlightGear will take the information from the directory higher in the list. On Linux make sure the directory does not only to have a T, but also is the topmost folder.
  3. For TerraSync to know where to deposit the downloaded files, you have to tell the program which folder is the destination folder. In the above example, it is the 3rd in the list.
  4. Finally, go to the last screen. There you have to activate TerraSync as in the following screenshot. Now TerraSync should work.
    TerraSync 2.png

Note: Expect your firewall to block it the first time you run it; just tell the firewall to allow TerraSync to use the port.

Troubleshooting

Problem 1

If you get an error similar to the following in the command line console (black dialog):

Airports/L ... failed:
Can't move 'C:\FlightGear\terrasync\Airports\L\E\.svn\tmp\entries' to 'C:\FlightGear\terrasync\Airports\L\E\.svn\entries': The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable.

and possibly the following popup appears:

TerraSync Taskbar Error.png

Solution 1

You can probably fix the error by upgrading to Windows 7 Home Premium Service Pack 1.


Problem 2

You get an error indicating locked airport directories while TerraSync is running.

Working copy 'D:\Program Files\FlightGear 2.4.0\terrasync\Airports\K' locked

While those directories often actually are updated, the error is annoying.

Solution 2

Search the TerraSync directory for files named lock and delete them. They are supposed to be removed automatically when a TerraSync update is completed, but sometimes that fails.

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