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Extra EA-500

3,202 bytes added, 09:18, 11 November 2018
m
add quick view keys
{{infobox Aircraft|image = |name = Extra EA 400-500|type = Civilian aircraft|fdm = JSBSim|status-fdm = 4|status-systems = 5|status-cockpit = 4|status-model = 4|authors = D-EKEW, D-LEON, D-STHO|fgname = extra500:{{PAGENAME}}/info}}
[[File:Extra 500.jpg|thumb|250px|The real Extra 500]]
== Status ==
; Flightgear 2018.3.1 and later: Current stable release is 5.1.0 (07.09.2018) and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F2018.3 here] and can be found at the {{fgaddon aircraft source|extra500|text=FGAddon repository}}. ; Flightgear 2018.1.1 and later: Current stable release is 5.0.0 (2204.0602.20142018)and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F2018.1 here] and can be found at the {{fgaddon aircraft source|extra500|text=FGAddon repository}}. ; Flightgear 2017.3.1 and later: Current stable release is 4.4.0 (13.08.2017) and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F2017.3 here] and can be found at the {{fgaddon aircraft source|extra500|text=FGAddon repository}}. ; Flightgear 3.6 (only): Current stable release is 3.2.0 (20.03.2016) and can be downloaded [Extra_EAhttps://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F3.6.0 here].  ; Flightgear 3.4 and later: Current stable release is 2.2.0 (17.07.2015) and and can be found on GitLab. The first stable release (2.0.0) for FG 3.4 can be found on the [http://www.flightgear.org/download/aircraft-500v3-4/ flightgear 3.4 download page] ; Flightgear 3.2 and earlier: The last stable release is 1.2.0 and can be found on GitLab. Alternatively: [[#Download|Download]]
For the (latest) stable release make sure you are on the releaseFG/1.12018.0 3 branch!
Since March 2013 D-EKEW, D-LEON, D-STHO are working on this model. They are making use of original data from the Pilot's Operation Handbook. People who have experienced the aircraft in real life help calibrating the FDM as well as tuning the systems behavior.
The EA 400-500 was introduced as a derivative of the EA-400 replacing the piston engine with a Rolls-Royce Model 250-B17F/2 turboprop producing 450 horsepower (340 kW) and driving a MT-propeller 5 bladed propeller. Walter Extra flew the first Extra500 from Germany to Oshkosh, Wisconsin to illustrate its range and capabilities. The most recent changes to the aircraft come from Avidyne with their latest glass avionics: [[Avidyne Entegra R9]].
[[File:Extra500 flightgear1.png|thumb|500px|Extra500 flying in clouds]]
[[File:Extra500 flightgear2.png|thumb|500px|Extra500 flying in the clouds (2)]]
== Download ==
The Extra500 is available via Gitorious: httpsDownload the current stable versions for your Flightgear version{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2018.3 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2018.3}} {{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/www2018.gitorious1 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2018.org1}} {{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2017.3 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2017.3}} {{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500| repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2017.1 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2017.1 and later}} {{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500| repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2016.3 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2016.3 and later}}
We recommend flightgear version 3.1 available via the flightgear master {{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch or win=FG/mac nightly's, to benefit from the improvents in the canvas system2016.1 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2016.1 and later}}
Stable release :<code> git clone <nowiki>https://git.gitorious.org/{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500/| repo=extra500.git<| branch=FG/nowiki> cd extra500 git checkout release/13.16.0</code>| text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 3.6.0}}
or use the download button on: [https://www.gitorious.org/{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500/| repo=extra500| branch=FG/source/3437f705cec11c2b3e0c8c8c74c2fbadfc38cbfb: release/13.14.0]| text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 3.4.0}}
The current development takes place in the master {{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch<code> git clone <nowiki>https:=FG//git3.gitorious2.org/extra500/extra5000 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 3.git</nowiki> cd extra500 git checkout master</code>2.0}}
We recommend Flightgear version 3.1 or use later, to benefit from the download button on: [https://www.gitorious.org/extra500/extra500 master]performance improvements in the canvas system.
== Operation =='''For full operation instructions, see the official Extra500 POH. It can be downloaded from the manufacturers homepageDevelopment takes place on GitLab:[httphttps://www.extraaircraftgitlab.com/techservice.php]''', right at the bottomextra500/extra500.
Below The latest stable release is just a quick start and some selected topics. also available on the the Flightgear SVN aircraft repository: {{#tag:syntaxhighlight|{{fgaddon co|path=Aircraft/extra500|post=}}| lang = "sh"}}
WARNINGAnd of course the [http: Below reflects //www.flightgear.org/download/aircraft-v3-4/ Flightgear aircraft download page] has the current development stable release of the point where the latest Flightgear version was released. Stable releases are available for Flightgear versions 3.2.0, 3.4.0, 3.6.0, 2016.1 (masteruse for 2016.2 as well), 2016. If you are using the stable version3 (use for 2016.4 as well), some functionality will not be available!2017.1 (use for 2017.2 as well), 2017.3, 2018.1 and 2018.3. You can get them using GIT:
===General Remarks==={{#tag:syntaxhighlight|All switches are thrown by rotating the mouse wheel in the appropriate direction. Push buttons are pressed by clicking with the LH Mouse button. Rotary knobs are turned by the mouse wheel as well. Hold {{key pressgitlab clone|SHIFTproj=extra500|repo=extra500}}cd extra500git checkout FG/VERSION| lang = "sh"}} for large steps.
The IFD buttons on the leftWith ''VERSION'' = 3.2.0, right and lower bezel are always double buttons3. Meaning they always have a left and right side4. The lower buttons (PFD - FMS - MAP - SYS - CHKL) navigate between the main pages0, 3. Once on the selected page the same button will let you navigate through the tabs6. The side knobs do not always have a function0, but if they have2016.1, 2016.3, 2017.1, 2017.3, 2018.1, they are lighted and the function is shown next to them2018. 3
There are a few special Extra500 shortcutsThe current development takes place in the next branch{{#tag:syntaxhighlight|{{gitlab clone|proj=extra500|repo=extra500}}cd extra500git checkout next| lang = "sh"}}
{{key press== Other Extra500 wiki pages ==[[Extra EA-500/pitch control|CTRL}}+{{key pressComfortable pitch control for mouse and joystick]]<br />[[Extra EA-500/Smooth weather|Smooth weather system]]<br />[[Extra EA-500/flight_planning|Am I going to get there?]]<br />[[Extra EA-500/Icing|Icing is not your friend]]<br />[[Extra EA-500/IFD|Howto operate your avionics system]]<br />[[Extra EA-500/autopilot|For Autopilot know it all]]<br />[[Extra EA-500/engine operation|Make sure you tread your engine well]]<br />[[Extra EA-500/failure dialog|Breaking things]]<br />[[Extra EA-500/panel reference|What is this button for???]]<br />[[Extra EA-500/config|E}} Connect The Extra 500 menu]]<br / disconnect External power cart>
{{key press|CTRL}}+{{key press|F}} Control pitch with pitch trim only== Operation =='''For full operation instructions, see the official Extra500 POH. It can be downloaded from the manufacturers homepage:[http://www.extraaircraft.com/techservice.php]''', right at the bottom.
{{key pressBelow is just a quick start and some selected topics. See here for the [[Extra EA-500/panel reference|W}} Gear Warn Mute (you'll need it, alternatively press the switch on the throttle lever)'panel reference page'']].
{{key press|R}} Put WARNING: Below reflects the propeller in reverse current development version (beta rangenext). If you are using the stable version, some functionality may not be available!
===General Remarks===All switches are thrown by rotating the mouse wheel in the appropriate direction. Push buttons are pressed by clicking with the LH Mouse button. Rotary knobs are turned by the mouse wheel as well. Hold {{key press|SSHIFT}} Condition lever fuel on/cut-off (alternatively click on the condition lever)for small steps.
{{key press|D}} Autopilot disconnect The IFD buttons on the left, right and lower bezel are always double buttons. Meaning they always have a left and right side. The lower buttons (alternatively click PFD - FMS - MAP - SYS - CHKL) navigate between the main pages. Once on the red selected page the same button on will let you navigate through the yoke)tabs. The side knobs do not always have a function, but if they have, they are lighted and the function is shown next to them.
{{key press|C}} Engage Control Wheel Steering (CWS, see below)There are a few special Extra500 shortcuts:
{| class="keytable"
! Key !! Function
|-
| {{key press|Ctrl}}+{{key press|e}} || Connect / disconnect External power cart
|-
| {{key press|Ctrl}}+{{key press|f}} || [[Extra EA-500/pitch control|Toggle pitch control modes]] (direct and force)
|-
| {{key press|Ctrl}}+{{key press|g}} || Put the aircraft on Jacks (for testing the gear on the ground)
|-
| {{key press|w}} || Gear Warn Mute (you'll need it, alternatively press the switch on the throttle lever)
|-
| {{key press|r}} || Put the propeller in reverse (beta range)
|-
| {{key press|s}} || Condition lever fuel on/cut-off (alternatively click on the condition lever)
|-
| {{key press|d}} || Autopilot disconnect (alternatively click on the red button on the yoke)
|-
| {{key press|c}} || Engage Control Wheel Steering (CWS, see below)
|-
| {{key press|o}} || Over power autopilot servos. Need to keep {{key press|o}} pressed and be very careful!
|-
| {{key press|<}} || Toggle quick view
|-
| {{key press|>}} || Define quick view: define your view you are using often and press {{key press|>}}
|}
===Checklist dialog===
# Show/hide the checklist.
# Show/hide the config options.
# Minimise Minimize the dialog. For automated in flight usage.
# Close the dialog and its action.
# Allow the dialog to move the view to the action.
# Faster work through the automated checklist.
# Pick a required checklist and load it.
# Plays and stops the checklist. All actions will be done in an automated seqencesequence.# Moves the view to the action and schows shows the pink circle.# Perfom Perform the action.# Subpage Sub-page navigation of the checklist
# Next checklist for the next flight phase.
 
 
===Messages===
There are several types of messages that may appear on your screen:
# Failure (red): a failure has occurred
# Warnings (red): an aircraft limit has been exceeded, immediate action required
# Cautions (yellow): a limit has been exceeded, action needed within 5 minutes
# Info (blue): some general information on why something does not work or some other peculiarity
# Trim: shows if the pilot (you) needs to pull or push the yoke. You will need to use the elevator trim (mouse wheel) accordingly.
 
All these messages are on by default, but can be switched off in the [[Extra EA-500/config|Extra500 - Configuration menu]].
 
The messages by far do not cover all situations, but are there to help the pilot learn the most basic behavior/limits. Typically there is no special message when it already is in the aircraft warning panel.
 
===Flight Planning===
By clicking on 'Equipment - Fuel and Payload' (on the ground) you can access a comprehensive [[Extra EA-500/flight_planning|flight planning tool.]]<br /> There are four tabs, of which the 2 upper ones deal with loading the aircraft. It won't be a surprise that they are called 'Fuel' and 'Payload'. By clicking and dragging you can add passengers, baggage, dogs and fuel on the individual seats or tanks respectively. Of course while loading you must adhere to the aircraft weight and center of gravity limits. This is graphically displayed in the lower tab 'weight'. The other lower tab is a Trip Calculator. You can input your trip distance, cruise altitude, airport altitude and alternate distance to calculate your required fuel load. These values may be imported from your flight plan ('Autopilot - Route Manager') with a single click. You can also put the exact calculated fuel into your tanks by clicking on the 'Order Fuel' button.
===Engine starting===
See also [[Extra EA-500/engine operation|''the engine operation page'']]
[[File:Extra500 electicmains.png|thumb|400px|Extra500 side switch panel]]
* Parking Brake: Set ( {{key press|Shift|Bb}} or pull out middle Bowden cable in middle console AND press {{key press|Bb}} )
* Battery: Switch ON
* Fuel Pump 1 or 2: Switch ON
* Power lever: TRQ 111%
CAUTION: for Take-off (5 minutes) maximum TRQ limit is 111%, TOT 810degC
* Parking Brake: Release ( {{key press|Shift|Bb}} or push in middle Bowden cable in middle console )NOTE: For strong sidewindside wind, turn the ailerons against the wind
* At 71KIAS: Rotate
* Gear: Retract ( {{key press|Gg}} or click the gear switch )
* Flaps: 0 degrees ( {{key press|[}} or use the flap switch )
CAUTION: Flaps need to be retracted before reaching 120KIAS, gear 140KIAS
Do not come in too high, too fast.
* At 140 KIAS, gear: Extend ({{key press|Shift|Gg}} or click the gear switch )
* At 120 KIAS, flaps: 15 degrees ( {{key press|]}} or use the flap switch )
* When you are sure you will land and below 109 KIAS, flaps: 30 degrees ( {{key press|]}} or use the flap switch )
* Power for a 3deg descent, 80KIAS and landing configuration is ~30% TRQ
* Dont forget to brake. For reverse press {{key press|Rr}}, will only toggle when power lever is in aft position!
===Engine shut-off===
* Parking Brake: Set ( {{key press|Shift|Bb}} or pull out middle Bowden cable in middle console AND press {{key press|Bb}} )
* Fuel Pump 1 and 2: Switch OFF
* Standby alternator: Switch OFF
===Principle Autopilot functionality===
{{hatnote|See also [[Extra EA-500/autopilot|''the autopilot page'']]}}
* HDG Follows the heading bug (set HDG bug using the keypad, press to sync)
If pitch trim is switched off, autotrim is not available, but the AP will indicate where to (manually) trim to.
For CWS, a roll and pitch mode must be engaged. Press and Hold {{key press|c}} (caution: AP servos will disengage!) and with your controls bring the aircraft at your wished turn and climb rate. Press Release {{key press|c}} again and the AP will engage and keep those rates.
You can overpower the servos by keeping {{key press|o}} pressed and use the normal controls. When {{key press|o}} is released the autopilot will resume its work. Be very careful and make only small movements.
The AP will disengage when:
* the stall warner is on (stall warn horn and light)
* absolute g-force (disregarding 1-g gravity) exceeds 0.6g
* manual electric pitch trim is used.  
===Navigation and Communication===
[[File:Extra500 audiopanel.png|thumb|400px|Extra500 audiopanel: Com1, Nav1 and Marker selected]]
 
{{hatnote|See [[Extra EA-500/IFD|''the IFD page'']] for a more detailed description of the IFD-s.}}
The COM unit (1 or 2 ) is selected on the audiopanel. Just hit the appropriate "XMT" button. Note that FGCOM only works on COM1!
The FMS (Flight Management System) can be used with or without the autopilot. You can put your flightplan in the
autopilot - route manager (dont don't forget to press {{key press|activate}}). The autopilot will intercept the active leg.
While flying a flightplan (FMS is the Nav source and NAV is selected on the autopilot), you can do some special stuff without touching the autopilot:
Manual mode selection is then possible.
The MODE button on the keypad will set the mode manually also.
 
===Pressurization system===
Before descending from cruise, set the controller to your target airport altitude. You can monitor the cabin altitude, differential pressure and cabin climb rate on the instruments next to the controller.
Above a cabin altitude of 8000ft, it can end up in a abnormal low level of oxygen in your blood. If this happen you will feel a blackout and it's necessary to bring immediate the cabin altitude below 8000ft by descend or pressurize the cabin.
===Night Flying===
For lighted instruments switch on the INSTR switch on the side switch panel. On the same panel you can switch the DAY/NIGHT switch to NIGHT for dimming. The 5 round turn knobs on the panel now can be used to set your dimming level.
The IFD-s have their own dimming switch on the left upper side of the bezel. For taxying taxiing use the RECO lights. For landing the LDG light.
[[File:Extra500 final approach.png|thumb|right|800px|Final approach on 25L of EDDF, B707 outside going for 25R]]
<br />
=IFD : Integrated Flight Display=The system assist a single pilot to manage an IFR-operated flight. The design is clearly oriented to provide quick access to the requested information and to handle the data as quickly as possible. The goal is to relieve the pilot and reduce the pilot's workload. ==General==The IFD System in the Extra500 constist of two Displays in the front and one Keypad in the center console. ==Display==[[File:IFD Keys.png|400px|thumbnail|right|IFD Keys]]Each display has five page-select keys at the bottom. With these keys the active page can be selected. On the active page, the current key will navigate through the associated tabs. On the left- and right hand side, there are multi- function keys, so called "Line Select Key"(LSK). Each tab can serve a function on the LSK. If it is active it's indicated with a light on the key(green at day, white at night). The display shows also a label next to the LSK-key with the intended function name. On the left and right bottom corners, there are two bezels the intended function is displayed in the left/right corners of the tab indication. * 1. Dimming knob for the display brightness {{key press|mouse left}}* 2. Baro knob to adjust the altimeter {{key press|wheel up}} for +, {{key press|wheel down}} for - and {{key press|wheel press}} set 1013* L1-6 and R1-6 "Line Select Key"(LSK) is a rocker switch and can have two funtions left/right indicated in the diaplay* LK and RK bezel usable with {{key press|wheel up}}, {{key press|wheel down}} and {{key press|wheel press}} and +{{key press|shift}} inceases the amount* Page Select Key is a rocker switch first {{key press|mouse left}} select the page then {{key press|mouse left}} navigate through the tabs left/right ===PFD : Primary Flight Display===Primary Flight instruments, controls and indicators.* Autopilot Annunciations* Airspeed indicator* Attitude Indicator* Marker Beacon* Slip/Skid* Flight Director Command Bars* Altimeter* Vertical Speed Indicator * Wind Indicator* Ground Speed Indicator* Heading Indicator* Heading Bug Indicator* Active Com Freqency * L1 : Primary Nav select Nav1, Nav2, FMS* L3 : Bearing Pointer select Off, Nav1, Nav2, FMS* L5 : "Hook" into FMS. Fly Vectors* R2 : Timer* LK : Course ====PFD - Nav Display====[[File:IFD PFD-Nav Display.png|400px|thumbnail|right|IFD PFD-Nav Display]]* R4 : Flightplan visible On/Off* R5 : CDI visible On/Off* RK : Range/View of the map ====PFD - Bug Select====[[File:IFD PFD-Bug Select.png|400px|thumbnail|right|IFD PFD-Bug Select]]* R3 : Set Heading* R4 : Set Altitude* R5 : Set VS* RK : adjusts the selected bug, default Heading ===FMS : Flight Management System=======FMS - Flightplan====[[File:IFD FMS-FlightPlan.png|400px|thumbnail|right|IFD FMS-FlightPlan]]====FMS - Map FPL====[[File:IFD FMS-Map FPL.png|400px|thumbnail|right|IFD FMS-Map FPL]] ===Map : Moving Map======SYS : System Pages======CHKL: Electronic Checklist=== ==Keypad=====COM : Communication Freqencies======NAV : Navigation Freqencies======XPDR : Transponder======AUX : Auxilary DME=== [[Category:Business aircraft]][[Category:Civil utility aircraft]][[Category:Extra]][[Category:High wing aircraft]][[Category:Propeller aircraft]][[Category:Single-engine aircraftAircraft documentation]]
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