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Extra EA-500

7,685 bytes added, 09:18, 11 November 2018
m
add quick view keys
{{infobox Aircraft|image = |name = Extra EA 400-500|type = Civilian aircraft|fdm = JSBSim|status-fdm = 4|status-systems = 5|status-cockpit = 4|status-model = 4|authors = D-EKEW, D-Leon, D-STHO|fgname = extra500:{{PAGENAME}}/info}}
[[File:Extra 500.jpg|thumb|250px|The real Extra 500]]
== Status ==
; Flightgear 2018.3.1 and later: Current stable release is 5.1.0 (07.09.2018) and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F2018.3 here] and can be found at the {{fgaddon aircraft source|extra500|text=FGAddon repository}}. ; Flightgear 2018.1.1 and later: Current stable release is 5.0.0 (2204.0602.20142018)and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F2018.1 here] and can be found at the {{fgaddon aircraft source|extra500|text=FGAddon repository}}. ; Flightgear 2017.3.1 and later: Current stable release is 4.4.0 (13.08.2017) and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F2017.3 here] and can be found at the {{fgaddon aircraft source|extra500|text=FGAddon repository}}. ; Flightgear 3.6 (only): Current stable release is 3.2.0 (20.03.2016) and can be downloaded [https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500/repository/archive.zip?ref=FG%2F3.6.0 here].
git clone https; Flightgear 3.4 and later: Current stable release is 2.2.0 (17.07.2015) and and can be found on GitLab. The first stable release (2.0.0) for FG 3.4 can be found on the [http://gitwww.gitoriousflightgear.org/extra500download/extra500.git cd extra500 git checkout releaseaircraft-v3-4/1flightgear 3.1.04 download page]
; Flightgear 3.2 and earlier: The last stable release is 1.2.0 and can be found on GitLab.
or use the download button onAlternatively:[https://www.gitorious.org/extra500/extra500[#Download|Download]]
For the (latest) stable release make sure you are on the releaseFG/1.12018.0 3 branch!
Since March 2013 D-EKEW, D-LeonLEON, D-STHO are working on this model. They are making use of original data from the Pilot's Operation Handbook. People who have experienced the aircraft in real life help calibrating the FDM as well as tuning the systems behavior.
== About the airplane ==
The EA 400-500 was introduced as a derivative of the EA-400 replacing the piston engine with a Rolls-Royce Model 250-B17F/2 turboprop producing 450 horsepower (340 kW) and driving a MT-propeller 5 bladed propeller. Walter Extra flew the first Extra500 from Germany to Oshkosh, Wisconsin to illustrate its range and capabilities. The most recent changes to the aircraft come from Avidyne with their latest glass avionics: [[Avidyne Entegra R9]].
[[File:Extra500 flightgear1.png|thumb|500px|Extra500 flying in clouds]]
[[File:Extra500 flightgear2.png|thumb|500px|Extra500 flying in the clouds (2)]]
== Download ==
The development Download the current stable versions for your Flightgear version is available via Gitorious:
git clone https:{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG//git2018.gitorious.org/extra500/extra5003 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2018.git3}}
The developers will establish a release plan in order to publish stable versions for each FlightGear release as well as actual developer versions {{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2018.1 | text=Extra500 for testersFlightgear version 2018. 1}}
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo= Operation extra500 | branch=FG/2017.3 | text='''For full operation instructions, see the official Extra500 POH. It can be downloaded from the manufacturers homepage:[http://www.extraaircraft.com/techservice.php]''', right at the bottomfor Flightgear version 2017.3}}
Below is just a quick start and some selected topics{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2017. 1 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 2017.1 and later}}
WARNING: Below reflects the current development {{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2016.3 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version (master)2016. If you are using the stable 3 and later}} {{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/2016.1 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version, some functionality will not be available!2016.1 and later}}
{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=General Remarks===All switches are thrown by rotating the mouse wheel in the appropriate directionFG/3. Push buttons are pressed by clicking with the LH Mouse button6. Rotary knobs are turned by the mouse wheel as well. Hold {{key press0 |SHIFT}} text=Extra500 for large stepsFlightgear version 3.6.0}}
The IFD buttons on the left, right and lower bezel are always double buttons{{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/3. Meaning they always have a left and right side4. The lower buttons (PFD - FMS - MAP - SYS - CHKL) navigate between the main pages0 | text=Extra500 for Flightgear version 3. Once on the selected page the same button will let you navigate through the tabs. The side knobs do not always have a function, but if they have, they are lighted and the function is shown next to them4. 0}}
There are a few special {{gitlab zip file | proj=extra500 | repo=extra500 | branch=FG/3.2.0 | text=Extra500 shortcuts:for Flightgear version 3.2.0}}
{{key press|CTRL}}+{{key press|E}} Connect / disconnect External power cartWe recommend Flightgear version 3.1 or later, to benefit from the performance improvements in the canvas system.
{{key press|CTRL}}+{{key press|F}} Control pitch with pitch trim onlyDevelopment takes place on GitLab: https://gitlab.com/extra500/extra500.
The latest stable release is also available on the the Flightgear SVN aircraft repository: {{key press#tag:syntaxhighlight|W{{fgaddon co|path=Aircraft/extra500|post=}}| lang = "sh"}} Gear Warn Mute (you'll need it, alternatively press the switch on the throttle lever)
{{key press|R}} Put And of course the propeller in reverse [http://www.flightgear.org/download/aircraft-v3-4/ Flightgear aircraft download page] has the stable release of the point where the latest Flightgear version was released. Stable releases are available for Flightgear versions 3.2.0, 3.4.0, 3.6.0, 2016.1 (use for 2016.2 as well), 2016.3 (use for 2016.4 as well), 2017.1 (beta rangeuse for 2017.2 as well), 2017.3, 2018.1 and 2018.3. You can get them using GIT:
{{key press#tag:syntaxhighlight|S{{gitlab clone|proj=extra500|repo=extra500}} Condition lever fuel oncd extra500git checkout FG/cut-off (alternatively click on the condition lever)VERSION| lang = "sh"}}
{{key press|D}} Autopilot disconnect (alternatively click on the red button on the yoke)With ''VERSION'' = 3.2.0, 3.4.0, 3.6.0, 2016.1, 2016.3, 2017.1, 2017.3, 2018.1, 2018.3
The current development takes place in the next branch{{key press#tag:syntaxhighlight|C{{gitlab clone|proj=extra500|repo=extra500}}cd extra500git checkout next| lang = "sh"}} Engage Control Wheel Steering (CWS, see below)
== Other Extra500 wiki pages ==
[[Extra EA-500/pitch control|Comfortable pitch control for mouse and joystick]]<br />
[[Extra EA-500/Smooth weather|Smooth weather system]]<br />
[[Extra EA-500/flight_planning|Am I going to get there?]]<br />
[[Extra EA-500/Icing|Icing is not your friend]]<br />
[[Extra EA-500/IFD|Howto operate your avionics system]]<br />
[[Extra EA-500/autopilot|For Autopilot know it all]]<br />
[[Extra EA-500/engine operation|Make sure you tread your engine well]]<br />
[[Extra EA-500/failure dialog|Breaking things]]<br />
[[Extra EA-500/panel reference|What is this button for???]]<br />
[[Extra EA-500/config|The Extra 500 menu]]<br />
 
== Operation ==
'''For full operation instructions, see the official Extra500 POH. It can be downloaded from the manufacturers homepage:
[http://www.extraaircraft.com/techservice.php]''', right at the bottom.
 
Below is just a quick start and some selected topics. See here for the [[Extra EA-500/panel reference|''panel reference page'']].
 
WARNING: Below reflects the current development version (next). If you are using the stable version, some functionality may not be available!
 
===General Remarks===
All switches are thrown by rotating the mouse wheel in the appropriate direction. Push buttons are pressed by clicking with the LH Mouse button. Rotary knobs are turned by the mouse wheel as well. Hold {{key press|SHIFT}} for small steps.
 
The IFD buttons on the left, right and lower bezel are always double buttons. Meaning they always have a left and right side. The lower buttons (PFD - FMS - MAP - SYS - CHKL) navigate between the main pages. Once on the selected page the same button will let you navigate through the tabs. The side knobs do not always have a function, but if they have, they are lighted and the function is shown next to them.
 
There are a few special Extra500 shortcuts:
 
{| class="keytable"
! Key !! Function
|-
| {{key press|Ctrl}}+{{key press|e}} || Connect / disconnect External power cart
|-
| {{key press|Ctrl}}+{{key press|f}} || [[Extra EA-500/pitch control|Toggle pitch control modes]] (direct and force)
|-
| {{key press|Ctrl}}+{{key press|g}} || Put the aircraft on Jacks (for testing the gear on the ground)
|-
| {{key press|w}} || Gear Warn Mute (you'll need it, alternatively press the switch on the throttle lever)
|-
| {{key press|r}} || Put the propeller in reverse (beta range)
|-
| {{key press|s}} || Condition lever fuel on/cut-off (alternatively click on the condition lever)
|-
| {{key press|d}} || Autopilot disconnect (alternatively click on the red button on the yoke)
|-
| {{key press|c}} || Engage Control Wheel Steering (CWS, see below)
|-
| {{key press|o}} || Over power autopilot servos. Need to keep {{key press|o}} pressed and be very careful!
|-
| {{key press|<}} || Toggle quick view
|-
| {{key press|>}} || Define quick view: define your view you are using often and press {{key press|>}}
|}
===Checklist dialog===
# Show/hide the checklist.
# Show/hide the config options.
# Minimise Minimize the dialog. For automated in flight usage.
# Close the dialog and its action.
# Allow the dialog to move the view to the action.
# The dialog will show a pink circle at the action.
# Write message on to of screen, nice for txt text to speachspeech(festival).
# Make the dialog transparent.
# Faster work through the automated checklist.
# Pick a required checklist and load it.
# Plays and stops the checklist. All actions will be done in an automated seqencesequence.# Moves the view to the action and schows shows the pink circle.# Perfom Perform the action.# Subpage Sub-page navigation of the checklist
# Next checklist for the next flight phase.
===Messages===
There are several types of messages that may appear on your screen:
# Failure (red): a failure has occurred
# Warnings (red): an aircraft limit has been exceeded, immediate action required
# Cautions (yellow): a limit has been exceeded, action needed within 5 minutes
# Info (blue): some general information on why something does not work or some other peculiarity
# Trim: shows if the pilot (you) needs to pull or push the yoke. You will need to use the elevator trim (mouse wheel) accordingly.
===Engine starting===All these messages are on by default, but can be switched off in the [[Extra EA-500/config|Extra500 - Configuration menu]].
[[File:Extra500 electicmainsThe messages by far do not cover all situations, but are there to help the pilot learn the most basic behavior/limits.png|thumb|400px|Extra500 side switch Typically there is no special message when it already is in the aircraft warning panel]].
===Flight Planning===By clicking on 'Equipment - Parking Brake: Set Fuel and Payload' ( {{key presson the ground) you can access a comprehensive [[Extra EA-500/flight_planning|Shift|B}} flight planning tool.]]<br /> There are four tabs, of which the 2 upper ones deal with loading the aircraft. It won't be a surprise that they are called 'Fuel' and 'Payload'. By clicking and dragging you can add passengers, baggage, dogs and fuel on the individual seats or pull out middle Bowden cable tanks respectively. Of course while loading you must adhere to the aircraft weight and center of gravity limits. This is graphically displayed in middle console AND press {{key press|B}} the lower tab 'weight'. The other lower tab is a Trip Calculator. You can input your trip distance, cruise altitude, airport altitude and alternate distance to calculate your required fuel load. These values may be imported from your flight plan ('Autopilot - Route Manager')with a single click. You can also put the exact calculated fuel into your tanks by clicking on the 'Order Fuel' button.
===Engine starting===See also [[Extra EA- Battery: Switch ON500/engine operation|''the engine operation page'']]
- Fuel Pump 1 or 2[[File: Switch ON - Engine Start: STARTExtra500 electicmains.png|thumb|400px|Extra500 side switch panel]]
- * Parking Brake: Set ( {{key press|Shift|b}} or pull out middle Bowden cable in middle console AND press {{key press|b}} )* Battery: Switch ON* Fuel Pump 1 or 2: Switch ON* Engine Start: START* at 12-15% N1: Press {{key press|s}} ( or click on condition lever, its the red one )
CAUTION: TOT limit for starting is max. 10sec above 810 °C and below 927 °C
If the engine does not light- Standby alternatoroff: Switch ON
- Generator* Engine Motoring: Switch ONABORT and back to NORMAL* Condition Lever: Press {{key press|s}} Fuel off
- Engine start: IGN OFF (only if Wait until N1 >= 65drops below 3%)and TOT below 100 °C, then start again.
After engine has started:
* Standby alternator: Switch ON
* Generator: Switch ON
* Engine start: IGN OFF (only if N1 >= 65%)
===Take-off===
- * Flaps: 15 degrees ( {{key press|]}} or use the flap switch ) - * Power lever: TRQ 111%
CAUTION: for Take-off (5 minutes) maximum TRQ limit is 111%, TOT 810degC
 - * Parking Brake: Release ( {{key press|Shift|Bb}} or push in middle Bowden cable in middle console ) NOTE: For strong sidewindside wind, turn the ailerons against the wind - * At 71KIAS: Rotate- * Gear: Retract ( {{key press|Gg}} or click the gear switch ) - * Flaps: 0 degrees ( {{key press|[}} or use the flap switch ) 
CAUTION: Flaps need to be retracted before reaching 120KIAS, gear 140KIAS
 - * Power lever: TRQ 92% 
CAUTION: For continuous operation the TRQ limit is 92%, TOT 752degC, watch the TOT while climbing!
Do not come in too high, too fast.
* At 140 KIAS, gear: Extend ({{key press|Shift|Gg}} or click the gear switch ) * At 120 KIAS, flaps: 15 degrees ( {{key press|]}} or use the flap switch ) At * When you are sure you will land and below 109 KIAS, flaps: 30 degrees ( {{key press|]}} or use the flap switch ) * Power for a 3deg descent, 80KIAS and landing configuration is ~30% TRQ * Dont forget to brake. For reverse press {{key press|Rr}}, will only toggle when power lever is in aft position!
===Engine shut-off===
- * Parking Brake: Set ( {{key press|Shift|Bb}} or pull out middle Bowden cable in middle console AND press {{key press|Bb}} ) - * Fuel Pump 1 and 2: Switch OFF - * Standby alternator: Switch OFF - * Generator: Switch OFF - * Press {{key press|s}} ( or click on condition lever ) - * Battery: Switch OFF
===Principle Autopilot functionality===
{{hatnote|See also [[Extra EA-500/autopilot|''the autopilot page'']]}}
- * HDG Follows the heading bug (set HDG bug using the keypad, press to sync) - * NAV Intercepts and tracks VORs, LOCs or your Flight Plan (set course with LH lower rotary knob on IFD) - * NAV/GPSS Intercepts and tracks your Flight Plan and cuts the corners ( press {{key press|NAV}} twice) - * HDG+NAV Intercept the course or active flightplan leg with your set heading - * NAV+REV Intercepts and tracks the LOC back course - * GS Is armed and activated automatically when captured on the LOC. You can switch it off by pressing APR, ALT mode will become active. To arm the GS again, press APR for a second time  - * VS Follows the VS bug (limited to +/-1600fpm, set with AP rotary knob) - * ALT Holds the current altitude (rounded to 100ft) - * ALT+VS Brings and holds the aircraft to the selected altitude (set ALT bug using the keypad, press to sync) with the selected vertical speed. - * CWS Control Wheel Steering. Follows the turn rate and vertical speed set by controlling the aircraft.
If pitch trim is switched off, autotrim is not available, but the AP will indicate where to (manually) trim to.
For CWS, a roll and pitch mode must be engaged. Press and Hold {{key press|c}} (caution: AP servos will disengage!) and with your controls bring the aircraft at your wished turn and climb rate. Press Release {{key press|c}} again and the AP will engage and keep those rates.
You can overpower the servos by keeping {{key press|o}} pressed and use the normal controls. When {{key press|o}} is released the autopilot will resume its work. Be very careful and make only small movements.
The AP will disengage when:
- * the disconnect switch is pressed ({{key press|d}}) - * the stall warner is on(stall warn horn and light) - * absolute g-force (disregarding 1-g gravity) exceeds 0.6g - * manual electric pitch trim is used.  
===Navigation and Communication===
[[File:Extra500 audiopanel.png|thumb|400px|Extra500 audiopanel: Com1, Nav1 and Marker selected]]
 
{{hatnote|See [[Extra EA-500/IFD|''the IFD page'']] for a more detailed description of the IFD-s.}}
The COM unit (1 or 2 ) is selected on the audiopanel. Just hit the appropriate "XMT" button. Note that FGCOM only works on COM1!
The FMS (Flight Management System) can be used with or without the autopilot. You can put your flightplan in the
autopilot - route manager (dont don't forget to press {{key press|activate}}). The autopilot will intercept the active leg.
While flying a flightplan (FMS is the Nav source and NAV is selected on the autopilot), you can do some special stuff without touching the autopilot:
1. # Vectors mode: Press {{key press|V with arrow}} or "Fly Vectors" knob on IFD to follow the heading bug while still in nav mode. Deselecting will return normal FMS functionality. Handy for making a brief excursion from the flightplan for weather or ATC. # Direct-To mode: In the route manager select the waypoint and on the keypad press the {{key press|D with arrow}} button. # Close to the waypoint direct-to mode will be de-selected automatically or you can do that manually by pressing the same button again. # FMS-OBS: Rotate the LH lower knob on the IFD. Press to cancel. Very similar to VOR functionality, except it will work on all waypoints of your flightplan. Very handy for making an approach on an airport without ILS.
2. Direct-To mode: In If your flightplan has a VOR or ILS, the route manager select FMS will automatically tune NAV1 to the waypoint respective frequency and on set the keypad press the {{key press|D with arrow}} buttonradial accordingly.Close So there is no need to look up any NAV frequency anymore! In addition when you line up with the waypoint direct-selected runway, The NAV source will automatically change to mode NAV1, thus the ILS interception will be de-selected automatically or you can fully automatic. You do that manually by pressing need to be lined up to the same button again. 3. FMS-OBSrunway pretty accurately: Rotate the LH lower knob on Flightgear "DEFAULT" approaches are ideal for this!For this kind of approach it is recommended that you slow down, get the IFD. Press gear out and set the flaps to cancel15deg before the GS is intercepted. Very similar to VOR functionality, except it will work Depending on all waypoints of your flightplan. Very handy for making an approach the aircraft weight and wind conditions set 20-30% TRQ when on an airport without ILSthe GS to match 80 KIAS.
XPDR squawk can be set on the keypad (press {{key press|XPDR}} and squawk code) and in the NAV dialog ({{key press|F12}}). Default is 7000 (Europe VFR).
Manual mode selection is then possible.
The MODE button on the keypad will set the mode manually also.
 
===Pressurization system===
Before descending from cruise, set the controller to your target airport altitude. You can monitor the cabin altitude, differential pressure and cabin climb rate on the instruments next to the controller.
Above a cabin altitude of 8000ft, it can end up in a abnormal low level of oxygen in your blood. If this happen you will feel a blackout and it's necessary to bring immediate the cabin altitude below 8000ft by descend or pressurize the cabin.
===Night Flying===
For lighted instruments switch on the INSTR switch on the side switch panel. On the same panel you can switch the DAY/NIGHT switch to NIGHT for dimming. The 5 round turn knobs on the panel now can be used to set your dimming level.
The IFD-s have their own dimming switch on the left upper side of the bezel. For taxying taxiing use the RECO lights. For landing the LDG light.  [[File:Extra500 final approach.png|thumb|right|800px|Final approach on 25L of EDDF, B707 outside going for 25R]]<br />
[[Category:Business aircraft]][[Category:Civil utility aircraft]][[Category:Extra]][[Category:High wing aircraft]][[Category:Propeller aircraft]][[Category:Single-engine aircraftAircraft documentation]]
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