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ATC Tutorial

1,393 bytes added, 09:43, 2 June 2014
Departure added + minor fixes
We now get the clearance (authorization to fly to a destination airport) from the delivery controller. The process is as follows.
# We get the Delivery frequency from the Airport information chart or the ATC Services in Range window (in this case, the frequency is 121.800 MHz) and tune COM1 to it (or connect on Mumble and joining join the delivery channel, or just talk on the Multiplayer chat).<ref>Each controller is free to use FGCom, Mumble or just the text chat as (s)he wishes; generally speaking, everyone accepts ATC via chat and, if voice communication is offered, that is announced on initial contact. Prefer voice communication if possible as it enhances realism and because speaking is quicker than typing.</ref>
# We contact the controller and ask for the clearance. (It is the pilot who needs to initiate contact with ATC, not the opposite). ''Tip: note down the clearance on a piece of paper as it's difficult (and risky) to memorize it.''
# The Delivery controller gives us the clearance including:
* '''BAW1542:''' Contact Tower on one one eight decimal three two zero, Speedbird one five four two, bye!
==== Taking Lining up and taking off ======== Approaching We contact Tower on text chat, FGCom or Mumble (depending on the destination airport ====tools the controller is using) to get our takeoff clearance. It will include, in that order:==== Landing ====# the wind direction and speed;# wind gusts, if any;==== Taxiing to # warnings (like wake turbulence, rain...), if any;# the stand and shutting down ====runway number;# the words ''cleared for takeoff''.
=== A sample VFR flight ===* '''BAW1542:''' El Prat Tower, Speedbird one five four two, holding short Golf one.<!-- Refer to http* '''El Prat Tower://forum''' Speedbird one five four two, wind is two one zero at five, runway two five left, cleared for takeoff.flightgear.org/viewtopic.php?f=72&t=19600 -->----* '''BAW1542:''' Cleared for takeoff two five left, Speedbird one five four two.
== Lesson 3 ==So now, {{note|If a tower controller clears an aircraft for takeoff while it's Tower's turn is still on a taxiway, the pilot is also cleared to get this plane off into enter the sky..runway &ndash; there is no need to issue a separate ''line up and wait'' instruction. }}
If you were awaiting a plane to land, you could just leave We set the plane queuing, but if you are ready transponder to have him on ''On'' so that the runway tell him controllers and other aircraft will be able to get into position see us on radar screens and the runway. Remember, it is your job to get aircraft onto [[Traffic alert and collision avoidance system|TCAS]], line up, take off and follow the SID. After the runways as quickly as possibletakeoff, so that planes can land and take-the tower controller will hand us off quicklyto the departure controller:* '''El Prat Tower:''' Speedbird one five four two, contact Departure on one two six decimal five zero zero, goodbye!* '''BAW1542:''' Contact Departure on one two six decimal five zero zero, Speedbird one five four two.
We switch to the departure frequency and contact the controller:* '''YouBAW1542: B-ELIO, runway 9''' El Prat Departure, line up and wait.Speedbird one five four two passing ''current altitude'<br />', OKABI three Whiskey departure.* '''B-ELIOEl Prat Departure: Runway 9''' Speedbird one five four two, line up and waitradar contact, B-ELIOclimb and maintain flight level two five zero.* '''BAW1542:''' Climb and maintain flight level two five zero, Speedbird one five four two.
One thing We climb to note, FL250 and continue following the phrase SID waypoints. When we'position and hold' is no longer used, since re approaching the FAA adopted the ICAO standard "line up and wait" final fix (since September 30, 2010OKABI).the controller will tell us to follow our flightplan:* '''El Prat Departure:''' Speedbird one five four two, resume your own navigation, frequency change approved, goodbye!* '''BAW1542:''' Resuming our own navigation, frequency change approved, Speedbird one five four two, bye!
You may also use We're now free to follow our flightplan - it's a conditional clearance, good practice to make your job easier:keep an eye on the multiplayer map to check for traffic, though.
'''You: B-ELIO, runway 9, line up and wait [after ==== Approaching the arriving B747 / following destination airport ======== Landing ======== Taxiing to the departing B757]'''stand and shutting down ====
The plane may give a call back when he's ready like 'ready for departure' or 'on the numbers'. If not, just wait until his icon stops moving and give him his takeoff clearance:=== A sample VFR flight === '''You: B-ELIO, winds calm/110@15, runway 9, cleared for takeoff'''<br />'''B!-ELIO: Cleared for takeoff.''' The plane will commence his take-off roll, and - as soon as he is airborne - you want Refer to get rid of him and get onto your next plane. You initiate the hand-off to approach, and handoff as soon as (s)he accepts. So now, onto approaches dealingshttp://forum.flightgear.org/viewtopic.php?f=72&t=19600 -->
<!--== Tips ==
Listen
Practice at low density airports
Tell controller first experience-->
----
== Lesson 4 ==
''(In this section the approach controller is presumed to be handling departures, as there are very, very rarely departure controllers. If there were a departure controller, (s)he would deal with a departing plane, and the approach controller would deal with any planes arriving)''
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