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Professional and educational FlightGear users

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[[FlightGear]] is used by dozens of organisations, companies and universities all over the world.
==Companies==* '''Aeronautical Development Agency''', Bangalore India. FlightGear is used as as the image generator for a flight simulation facility for piloted evaluation of ski-jump launch and arrested recovery of a fighter aircraft from an aircraft carrier. * '''Veridian Engineering Division''', Buffalo, NY. FlightGear is used for the scenery and out-the-window view for the Genesis 3000 flight simulator. * '''MathWorks''' provides the [http://www.mathworks.com/access/helpdesk/help/toolbox/aeroblks/ Aerospace Blockset] libraries for interfacing FlightGear to their Simulink software.* '''NASA/Ames Human Centered System Lab''' - 737NG full scale cockpit simulator developed by [http://www.lfstech.com LFS Technologies]. FlightGear provides visuals for four large screen wrap around displays, improved turbo-fan math models, detailed fuel system models, and extendable network interface to cockpit displays and electronics. <ref>[http://human-factors.arc.nasa.gov/ihi/hcsl/publications.html Human Centered System Labs], NASA</ref>* FlightGear was used by '''Pragolet s.r.o.''' in a motion platform based flight simulator of light and ultra-light sports aircraft. <ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.pragolet.cz/clanky/flight_simulator_of_light_and_ultralight_aircraft.html |title=Simulator of a Light and Ultra-Light Sport Aircraft |last=Thöndel |first=Evžen |date=29 January 2009 |publisher=Pragolet }}</ref>* '''ATC Flight Simulator Company''' builds FAA approved flight simulators, that use FlightGear for the visuals.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.atcflightsim.com/ |title=ATC Flight Simulator }}</ref>* '''ActiveFly''' has a worldwide unique paragliding simulator. FlightGear is used to provide the visuals. "In order to make practicing with the ActiveFly Simulator as realistic as possible, the harness as well as the risers and brakes are suspended below a frame in such a way that they can be operated"<ref>[http://www.activefly.com ActiveFly.com]</ref>** [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YFcHebPaiEs Video] (YouTube)* FlightGear was used to give a 3D visualiziation of a simulation by '''Robert Heffley Engineering'''. The simulation was used to examine the use of a Task-Pilot-Vehicle (TPV) model as a tool for flight simulator math model development.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://pdf.aiaa.org/getfile.cfm?urlX=6%3A7I%276D%26X%5BRW%2CS%20CIP4S%5EQ%3AO%224ZT%27%5FP%20%20%0A&urla=%26%2AR%28%27%230%2AC%0A&urlb=%21%2A%20%20%20%0A&urlc=%21%2A0%20%20%0A&urld=%28%2A%22P%26%22%406CTA%20%20%0A&urle=%28%2A%22H%23%230%22DU1X%20%0A |title=Use of a Task-Pilot-Vehicle (TPV) Model as a Tool for Flight Simulator Math Model Development |date=2-5 August 2010 |author=Heffley R.K. |publisher=American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics |acessdate=16 August 2012 }}</ref>* Dutch roadable autogyro manufacturer '''PAL-V Europe NV''' uses FlightGear to provide the visuals and terrain data for their simulator. The simulator is currently used to prepare the test pilot and evaluate design options, but may be used to train customers in the future.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://pal-v.com/licenses/the-pal-v-simulator/ |title=The PAL-V simulator}}</ref>* The '''Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics''' of Germany uses FlightGear in several simulation environments:** HeliLab<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.cyberneum.de/de/forschungseinrichtungen/helilab.html |title=HeliLab (Tiled Display)}}</ref>** MPI CyberMotion Simulator <ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.cyberneum.de/de/labore-forschung/cmslab.html |title=Der MPI-CyberMotion-Simulator}}</ref>* The West Virginia based '''Institute for Scientific Research''' used FlightGear to perform simulated flight testing of the avionics and control system of a small autonomous UAV.<ref>{{cite web |url=ftp://ftp.uni-duisburg.de/pub/FlightGear/Docs/AIAA-2005-7083.pdf |title=Simulated Flight Testing of an Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Using FlightGear |date=September 2005 |author=Eric F. Sorton, Sonny Hammaker }}</ref>* '''Simuladores Guaraní''' in Argentina offers flight training devices running on FlightGear.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://simuladoresguarani.com.ar/|title=Simuladores Guaraní}}</ref>
Todd Moyer of Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated (ARINC) used FlightGear as part of an effort to test and evaluate Flight Management Computer avionics and the corresponding ground systems. Certain capabilities of the Flight Management Computer are only available when airborne, which is determined by the FMC according to data it receives from GPS and INS sensors.
They wrote additional software that translates the NMEA output of FlightGear (including latitude, longitude, and altitude) into the ARINC 429 data words used by GPS and INS sensors. These data words are fed to the Flight Management Computer. the position information from FlightGear is realistic enough to convince the FMC that it is actually airborne, and allows ARINC to test entire `flights' with the avionics.
=== RWTH Aachen research simulator ===The '''Institute of Aerospace Engineering''' at the RWTH Aachen is using FlightGear to drive the cockpit and the visuals of a general aviation simulator for training and research purpose. Micro Air Vehicles are being implemented by MATLAB/Simulink flight dynamics models; all I/O-related tasks, be they required by FDM, controls or instruments, are connected over network, using FlightGear native interfaces. <ref>http://www.dynamik.rwth-aachen.de/English/Simulators</ref> === Endless Runway Project ===The '''Endless Runway Project''' is a consortium of aerospace instutes from France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland and Spain. "The fundamental principle of The Endless Runway is that the aircraft take-off and land on a large circular structure. This will allow for the unique characteristic that the runway can be used in any wind direction, thus making the runway independent of the direction of the wind and therefore also the airport capacity independent of the wind direction."<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://endlessrunway-project.eu/downloads/d3.2-aircraft-aspects.pdf |title=Aircraft aspects of the Endless Runway |date=30 September 2013 |accessdate=16 January 2014}}</ref> FlightGear and JSBSim were extensively used to simulate the landing and take-off performance of large aircraft on a circular runway. By using FlightGear, the consortium was able to select the radius, width and curvature of the runway. More information and documents can be found at [http://endlessrunway-project.eu endlessrunway-project.eu] ==Universities===== Africa ===* The '''Minia University''' in Egypt developed a virtual lab with MATLAB and FlightGear. "It can be used easily by students to study and visualize classical control principles using FlightGear and MATLAB GUI with an attractive case study of a flight control system."<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.researchgate.net/publication/236174210_automatic_control_education_using_flight_gear_and_matlab_based_virtual_lab/file/3deec5245860723ce4.pdf |title=Automatic control education using FlightGear and MATLAB based virtual lab |date=May 2012 }}</ref> === Asia ===* The Department of Aircraft and Aeroengine from the Chinese '''Air Force Engineering University''' conducted a study on a new airworthiness compliance verification method based on pilot-aircraft-environment complex system simulation.<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://ac.els-cdn.com/S1000936111604342/1-s2.0-S1000936111604342-main.pdf?_tid=d3518780-834d-11e2-ba1b-00000aab0f26&acdnat=1362238285_cf85b59c1b58215e2a1559b6f42867aa |title=Airworthiness Compliance Verification Method Based on Simulation of Complex System |date=12 January 2012 |author=XU Haojun, LIU Dongliang, XUE Yuan, ZHOU Li, MIN Guilong |publisher=Chinese Journal of Aeronautics}}</ref>* The Malaysian '''Universiti Teknologi Malaysia''' uses FlightGear for several projects.<ref>http://www.youtube.com/user/isfarazi</ref>* The '''Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics''' in China made a 3D surface movement simulation system for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Surface_Movement_Guidance_and_Control_System A-SMGCS] with FlightGear. The system displays ADS-B data in FlightGear through the multiplayer system and accurately predicts the aircraft's and/or vehicle's attitude (this is absent in ADS-B).<ref>{{cite web |url= http://www.joca.cn/EN/abstract/abstract16042.shtml|title=3D simulation of A-SMGCS surface movement based on FlightGear |date=16 May 2012 }}</ref>* FlightGear was interfaced to MATLAB by the '''Indian Institute of Technology''' to develop a Vision-in-the-Loop Simulation facility for UAV landings.<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://www.ifac-papersonline.net/Detailed/64832.html |title=Vision Based Alignment to Runway During Approach for Landing of Fixed Wing UAVs |author=Marianandam, Peter Arun; Ghose, Debasish |date=2014}}</ref>* The Chinese '''Shenyang Institute of Automation'''established a simulation system based on FlightGear and Matlab to validate a path planning method based on linear programming. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of this approach and the real flight test is under development.<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://ojs.unsysdigital.com/index.php/just/article/view/2 |title=LP Based Path Planning for Autonomous Landing of An Unmanned Helicopter on A Moving Platform |author=Chong Wu, Juntong Qi, Dalei Song, Jianda Han |date=24 May 2013 |publisher=Journal of Unmanned System Technology}}</ref> === Australia ===* FlightGear was used by '''RMIT University''' in Melbourne, Australia to simulate the response to control inputs of a tethered kite system.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://researchbank.rmit.edu.au/eserv/rmit:160101/Thorpe.pdf |title=Modelling and Control of Tethered Kite Systems for Wind Energy Extraction |last=Thorpe |first=Dylan |date=April 2007 }}</ref> === Europe ===* The '''University of Naples''', Italy used FlightGear in a six degrees of freedom (6dof) motion simulator, serving as a research and training tool.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://wpage.unina.it/agodemar/DSV-DQV/AIAA_MST_2007_DeMarco_Coiro_Nicolosi_paper.pdf |title=A 6DOF Flight Simulation Environment for General Aviation Aircraft with Control Loading Reproduction |last=Coiro |first=Domenico P. |coauthors=De Marco, Agostino; Nicolosi, Fabrizio |date=2007 }}</ref>* The Intelligent Robotics Group at the '''University of Wales''', Aberystwyth, UK is using FlightGear as part of their aerobot research<ref>[http://users.aber.ac.uk/dpb/aerobots.html Aerobot Research], Dave Barne</ref> to design aerial vehicles that can operate in the atmosphere of other planets.* '''Delft University of Technology''', the Netherlands ** FlightGear was used for the ICE project. The goal was to design, test, and evaluate computational techniques that can be used in the development of intelligent situation-aware crew assistance systems. Using methods from artificial intelligence, ICE focused primarily on the data fusion, data processing and reasoning part of these systems. <ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.kbs.twi.tudelft.nl/Research/Projects/ICE/index.html |title=The Intelligent Cockpit Environment (ICE) Project |last=Ehlert |first=Patrick |date=18 January 2005 |publisher=TU Delft }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://mmi.tudelft.nl/pub/patrick/Ehlert.P.A.M-GAMEON2002.pdf |title=Recognising situations in a flight simulator environment |date=November 2002 |author=Ehlert P.A.M., Mouthaan Q.M., Rothkrantz L.J.M. |accessdate=18 April 2012 |publisher=SCS Publishing House }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.kbs.twi.tudelft.nl/People/Students/D.Dragos/back/ice/index.htm |title=The ICE Project |author=Datcu Dragos |date=January 2003 |accessdate=8 May 2012 }}</ref>** FlightGear is often used to provide the visuals on [http://www.lr.tudelft.nl/en/cooperation/facilities/simona/the-simona-research-simulator/ SIMONA], a 6-DOF research flight simulator. For example:*** Study on whether simulator-based training of pilot responses to unexpected or novel events can be improved by including unpredictability and variability in training scenarios.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0018720818779928 |title=Training Pilots for Unexpected Events: A Simulator Study on the Advantage of Unpredictable and Variable Scenarios |first=Annemarie |last=Landman |date=September 2018}}</ref>* The German based '''Hamburg University of Applied Sciences''' used JSBSim and FlightGear to evaluate the handling qualities of a box wing aircraft.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.fzt.haw-hamburg.de/pers/Scholz/Airport2030/Airport2030_PUB_DLRK_12-09-10_Caja.pdf |title=Box Wing Flight Dynamics in the Stage of Conceptual Aircraft Design |author=Caja R., Scholz D. |date=23 November 2012}}</ref>* For studentproject Daedalus, the Technical University of München uses FlightGear to optimize the flight characteristics of a zeppelin as well to simulate its performance. Another goal is to simulate prerecorded flights from a real model for further analysis. <ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.daedalus.ei.tum.de/index.php/de/mach-mit-mm |title=Mach mit ! - daedalus}}</ref>* The '''Czech Technical University in Prague''' is working on a full motion simulator to do research on situation awareness. They're using FlightGear for the visuals. A video of the simulator can be seen [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d8SQa9_el8k&feature=autoshare at YouTube]. More info at http://measure.feld.cvut.cz/en/cast* '''French Aerospace Lab (ONERA)''' and '''University of Toulouse''', France (2004). A thesis student Frédéric Dehais has used FlightGear and developed a cognitive counter-measures experimental environment (p.119 and following) to show the pilot/ATC scheme could be formalized and enhanced to avoid cognitive perturbation. Use of Atlas and Onera Messenger. Over 22 real-life pilots have been testing this environment.<ref>{{fr}} {{cite web |url=http://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/2137/1/Dehais_2137.pdf |title=Modélisation des conflits dans l’activité de pilotage |first=Frédéric |last=Dehais |publisher=University of Toulouse |date=21 June 2004}}</ref>* '''Pázmány Péter Catholic University''' and the '''Hungarian Academy of Sciences''' developed a collision avoidance system for UAVs using visual detection. The system was simulated with FlightGear serving the visuals.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.analogic.sztaki.hu/publications/UAV_Collision_avoidance.pdf |title=Collision avoidance for UAV using visual detection }}</ref>* The '''University of Sheffield''', England, modeled and simulated a small UAV in FlightGear and JSBSim. The report describes the whole process of creating an UAV for use in FlightGear.<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://www.dcs.shef.ac.uk/intranet/teaching/public/projects/archive/msc2006/pdf/acq05taa.pdf |title=Modelling and Autonomous Flight Simulation of a Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicle |date=August 2006}}</ref>* A MOOC on aerodynamics made by the French School '''Supaéro''' uses FlightGear.<ref>{{Cite web | url=https://www.france-universite-numerique-mooc.fr/courses/isaesupaero/25001/Trimestre_4_2014/about | title=Aerodynamics MOOC using FlightGear|date=February 2015}}</ref>* '''Durham University''' in England has been using FlightGear as a test bed for developing fault detection and self-healing systems in aircraft.<ref>{{cite web|url = http://dro.dur.ac.uk/17084/1/17084.pdf|title = FlightGear as a tool for real time fault-injection, detection and self-repair|author = Alan Purvis|coauthors = Ben Morris; Richard McWilliam|date = 2015|publisher = Durham Research Online|format = PDF}}</ref>* '''Cranfield Univeristy''' in the United Kingdom used FlightGear to visualize an airport environment which was then overlayed by a guidance system on a HUD. [[TerraGear]] and [[TerraGear GUI]] to generate the scenery.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/20338967.pdf |title=Aircraft head-up display surface guidance system |author=Jinxin Gu |date=November 2013}}</ref> === North-America ===* '''University of Illinois''' at Urbana Champaign. FlightGear is providing a platform for icing research for the Smart Icing Systems Project. <supref>1http://www.aae.uiuc.edu/sis/mainpapers.html</supref>* '''Simon Fraser University''', British Columbia Canada. Portions of FlightGear were used in simulation to develop the needed control algorithms for an autonomous aerial vehicle.
* '''Iowa State University'''. A senior project intended to retrofit some older sim hardware with FlightGear based software.
* '''University of Minnesota''' - Human Factors Research Lab. FlightGear brings new life to an old Agwagon single seat, single engine simulator.
* The Intelligent Robotics Group at FlightGear is being used as the basic framework to provide the UTC Challenger Center (and hopefully other centers in the future) a low cost virtual reality computer simulation in the '''University of WalesTennessee''', Aberystwyth, UK at Chattanooga. Our simulation is using flightgear and JSBSim, specifically the shuttle module, to develop a shuttle landing simulator. Currently, we are trying to get to the point of at least contributing instructions on how to interface our virtual reality hardware with Flightgear back to the OS community.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.flightgear.org/Projects/utc.html |title=University of Tennessee at Chattanooga |publisher=FlightGear as part |first=Dawn |last=Ellis |accessdate=18 April 2012}}</ref>* '''Department of their aerobot Aerospace Engineering at The Pennsylvania State University''' used FlightGear primarly for its graphics engine, in advanced researchprograms in the areas of flight control design, advanced rotorcraft flight dynamics modeling, and near real-time acoustics simulation.<supref>2{{cite web |url=http://www.fkm.utm.my/ftp/pub/OSS/Win32/FlightGear/paper_PSU_2004AHS.pdf |title=A Multi-Disciplinary Rotorcraft Simulation Facility Composed of Commodity Components and Open Source Software |publisher=Department of Aerospace Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University }}</supref> to design aerial vehicles * A team of '''Northeastern University''' (Boston, USA) engineering students has developed a system that can operate allows a pilot to fly a simulated airplane in FlightGear, using nothing more than his or her brainwaves.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.northeastern.edu/news/stories/2011/05/braincontrol.html |title=A brainy innovation takes flight |publisher=Northeastern University |date=31 May 2011 }}</ref>* '''Arizona State University''' (USA) used a combination of engineering programmas (among which FlightGear) in its aerospace engineering program. The faculty shifted how they were teaching to put less focus on theory and more emphasis on simulation and visualization through the atmosphere immediate use of other planetsengineering software.Students used those programms within [[MATLAB]].<ref>[http://campustechnology.com/Articles/2011/08/23/Arizona-State-Tries-Practice-over-Theory-in-Engineering-Education.aspx Arizona State Tries Practice over Theory in Engineering Education], Campus Technology</ref>* The A project by the '''Delft University of TechnologyMontreal''', and the Netherlands '''University of Toulouse''' used FlightGear to visualize the effect of an active freedback system for their ICE projectpilot guidance assistance.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://pdf.aiaa.org/getfile.cfm?urlX=6%3A7I%276D%26X%5BRO%23S%20%27MP4S%5EQ%3AG%224%2A%28%21%5F%40%20%20%0A&urla=%26%2AR%28%27%230%2AC%0A&urlb=%21%2A%20%20%20%0A&urlc=%21%2A0%20%20%0A&urld=%28%2A%22P%26%22%406BUQ8%20%0A&urle=%28%2A%22H%23%230%22DU1X%20%0A |title=Preliminary Study of an Active Feedback System for Aircraft Guidance |date=13-16 August 2012 |author=Latorre-Costa P. Their goals was to design, testDefay F., Saussi�é D. |publisher=American Institute of Aeronautics and evaluate computational techniques that can be Astronautics |accessdate=16 August 2012 }}</ref>* The Center for Coastal & Ocean Mapping/Joint Hydrographic Center at the '''University of New Hampshire''' set up a ship simulator using FlightGear for the visuals.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://ccom.unh.edu/vislab/projects/simulator.html |title=Spatially Aware Hand-held Devices and the Boat Simulator |accessdate=20 October 2012 }}</ref>* The '''University of Michigan''' used FlightGear to validate PID autopilot for unmanned aerial vehicles.<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://www-personal.umich.edu/~duncanlm/Miller_Duncan_AIAA_RegionIII_2011_Autolab.pdf | title=Autonomous Vehicle Laboratory for Sense and Avoid Research and Hardware-in -the development -Loop Simulations |publisher=American Institute of intelligent situationAeronautics and Astronautics |author=Duncan Miller |date=2011 |format=pdf}}</ref>* FlightGear was used by the '''University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies''' to simulate [[UTIAS Ornithopter No.1|their first ornithopter]] (engine powered).<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://www.ornithopter.net/MediaGallery/flightgear_e.html |title=Flying the Ornithopter in FlightGear Flight Simulator |author=Project Ornithopter |date=2006 |format=html }}</ref> In 2010 the team made aviation history when their second ornithopter became the first human-aware crew assistance powered ornithopter to make a sustained flight.<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://media.utoronto.ca/media-releases/new-media-technology/human-powered-ornithopter-becomes-first-ever-to-achieve-sustained-flight/ |title=Human-powered ornithopter becomes first ever to achieve sustained flight |publisher=University of Toronto |date=22 September 2010 }}</ref>* '''Purdue University''', Indiana visualized scenarios involving cyber attacks in FlightGear to demonstrate the vulnerabilities of current UAV autopilot systems. Using methods from artificial intelligence<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.syprisresearch.com/Images/secure-control-systems/AIAA-Infotech_Threats-and-Vulnerabilities-Analysis.pdf |title=Cyber Attack Vulnerabilities Analysis for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles}}</ref>* A thesis at the '''University of Arizona''' involved using FlightGear to enhance the ArduPilot autopilot of an UAV to detect and capitalize upon rising air.<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://arizona.openrepository.com/arizona/handle/10150/297776 |title=Thermal Energy Extraction Methods for UAV Gliders |author=Umashankar, ICE focused primarily on Rohit |date=30 April 2013 }}</ref> === South-America ===* The '''Aeronautical Engineering University''' of Argentina uses FlightGear to display the data fusionoutside view of their simulator. Pictures can be seen at http://gsdv.com.ar/fotos/20110528/index.html.* Brazilian '''Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais''' compared Microsoft Flight Simulator X to FlightGear for use in an UAV simulation. The authors concluded that, data processing although the two sims were considerably close to each other, FlightGear is the better option for research, due to its flexible and reasoning part open character and the higher frequency at which the simulation could run (independent of these systemsthe visual frame rate). <supref>3{{cite web |url=http://homepages.dcc.ufmg.br/~chaimo/public/SBAI09-cantoni.pdf |title=Analise Comparativa Entre Microsoft Flight Simulator E Flightgear Flight Simulator Em Testes Hardware-In-The-Loop }}</ref> == Home built applications ==* '''Team Viper''' built a 360 degrees roll and pitch simulator, that runs on FlightGear.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.the-viper.org/ |title=TheViper }}</ref>* '''John Wojnaroski''''s 747 cockpit is a long time project.<ref>http://www.flightgear.org/Projects/747-JW/</supref>
==Resources=={{Appendix|all|* [{{cite web |url=http://www.usenix.org/events/usenix04/tech/sigs/full_papers/perry/perry_html/Applications_Simulator.html |title=Applications for the Simulator]|last=Perry |first=Alex }}----{{References||2}}}}
# http[[Category://www.aae.uiuc.edu/sis/mainpapers.html# http://users.aber.ac.uk/dpb/aerobots.html# http://www.kbs.twi.tudelft.nl/Research/Projects/ICE/index.htmlFlightGear]]

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